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  法则一:多运用动词和主动语态

  作为文章的编写者,你主要的任务是把你想说的用文字的方式传达给你的读者。为了达到这个目的,你可以多使用动词和主动语态来为你的文章增加生命力。

  1、用一个动词来替代句子中的其中一个重要的名词或形容词例;Verb to be: The quarterback’s wretched performance was a disgrace to his team

  Action verb: The quarterback’s wretched performance humiliated his team

  2、在文章中把一个主要的名词换成动词例;Verb to be: the use of leaf blowers before 8 am is a violation of local noise abatement laws.

  Action verb: the use of leaf blowers before 8 am violates local noise abatement laws.

  3、如果你不知道该如何更改动词,可以重新整理语句形式例;Verb to be: Jamie was happy to be part of the all-star soccer team.

  Action verb: Being a part of the all-star soccer team thrilled Jamie.

  以上的例子已经解析了,运用动词可以是句子更具生动性,也更能吸引读者的眼球。

  4、主动语态 Passive Voice: 例;the main idea for my essay was stated as the first sentence in the first paragraph.

  Active Voice: I stated the main idea of my essay in the first sentence in the first paragraph.

  Passive voice: money for the new recreation building was raised quickly Active voice: the recreation committee quickly raised money for the new building.

  法则二:在文章中使用借词

  在文章的写作中,少运用一些general words,反而多增加specific images. 什么是general words和specific images那,例如说; car 就是general words,因为车的种类有很多。 而Benz SUV 就是specific images。 在考试的时候,多使用specific words可以帮助把物体解释的更清楚。读者也会获得更多的信息,使他们对你的文章更方便了解。

  下面,让我们通过几个例子来证明;例1;General: Tom got into his car and drove off.

  Specific: Tom leaped into his SUV and roared off.

  例2;General: The writer wrote a three-page critique of the painting in which he said he did not like it.

  Specific: In his three-page critique, the art critic squeezed every drop of meaning- and enjoyment- out of the 3-inch by 3-inch pastel.

  General words 对人物,地点,和事物的介绍都无法给读者准备的信息,所以为了更清楚的说明,把这些名词都应该换成specific words.

  法则三:多运用动词和主动语态

  大家在写作的时候,有的同学习惯使用一些例如 ugly as sin, pretty as a picture之类的词汇。在这里,建议大家不要使用这类词汇。因为在使用这些词汇的时候,会给读者一种陈词滥调,平淡无味的感觉,更有可能使读者误会你本身的意思。尤其是在SAT写作考试当中使用。

  以下列出的词汇,请大家尽量不要在写作中使用; 例1;I was shaking in my boots before the interview, but I was happy as a lark when the personnel manager offered me the job.

  Improved: I was terrified before the interview, but I was ecstatic when the personnel manager offered me the job.

  例2;Whether the author really believed what he wrote was the sixty-four dollar question.

  Improved: whether the author really believed what he wrote was difficult to determine from the answers he gave the interviewer.

  法则四:文章由始至终的使用简单的语句

  在你的写作的时候,尽量的使用简单的词汇并写作易懂的语句。这样做,可以使读者更清楚的明白你的立场和你文章的目的。要记住,SAT写作不是考察你的生词量,而是在考察你是否能将你的想法通过文字的方式传递给读者。

  如果想做到这点,那么作者在写作的时候,应该避免使用那些无关紧要的词汇,模糊不清的词汇,和条例不清的语句。让我们来看下面的例子;

  例;To facilitate input by the maximum number of potential purchasers, questionnaires were designed and posted well in advance of the launch of the promotional marketing campaign.

  Improved: Before we began advertising, we designed and mailed a marketing survey to find out what customers were looking for.

  通过比较,我们可以清楚的明白,上面的句子,使用了一些不必要的词汇,而导致句子看上去繁琐难懂。下面的句子,经过编改,变得简单易懂。

  法则五:合并短句,截断长句

  1.合并短句可以让你的文章更连贯,读者阅读的时候思路也会更清晰。让我们通过下面的举例来学习如何合并短句。

  例1, The glee club held a fund-raiser, the basketball team also held a fundraiser.

  Improved sentences: The glee club and the basketball team held fundraisers (compound subject)

  例2, Kareem opened the door, He invited all of us in.

  Improved sentences: Kareem opened the door and invited all of us in. (compound verb)

  例6, Kim, Julio, and Billy ate the casserole. Billy became ill.

  法则六:避免使用俚语

  SAT的写作考试,要求的是一篇有专业性的写作,而不是一篇日记或随笔。所以使用俚语不应该在SAT的考试中出现。例如,在高考(微博)的时候,考生把“我要去…”写成“俺要去…”加有地方方言的语言方式。

  下面让我们通过英文的例子来说明;

  例1;Brian’s mother reprimanded him for blowing his physic test.

  Improved: Brian’s mother reprimanded him for failing his physic test.

  同样的,考生在写作的时候,也应该尽量避免太多学术性强的语言。批卷的老师很有可能并不想你一样是个电脑高手。他或她可能只明白一些初级的电脑词汇,对于那些技术性强的词汇,可以一窍不通。 下面让我们通过英文的例子来说明;

  例2;Close-support, transport, and reconnaissance assistance is provided by the S-3X helicopter, which is the most cost effective in a crane configuration.

  Improved: The S-3X helicopter provides support, transportation, and reconnaissance. However, the helicopter is most cost effective when it works as a crane.

  以上内容由智课小编为大家整理的关于“SAT写作的高分原则解析”,希望可以帮助到大家,小编在此预祝大家在考试中取得好成绩!

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