annihilate V. /毁灭，破坏/destroy. The enemy in its revenge tried to annihilate the entire population.
annotate V. /评论，注释/comment; make explanatory notes. In the appendix to the novel, the editor sought to annotate
many of the author's more esoteric references.
annuity N. /年金，养老金/yearly allowance. The annuity he setup with the insurance company supplements his social
security benefits so that he can live very comfortably without working.
annul v. /避免/make void. The parents of the eloped couple tried to annul the marriage.
anoint V. /神圣化/consecrate. The prophet Samuel anointed David with oil, crowning him king of Israel.
anomalous ADJ. /不正常的，变态的/abnormal; irregular. He was placed in the anomalous position of seeming to
approve procedures which he despised.
*anomaly N. /不正常/irregularity. A bird that cannot fly is an anomaly.
anonymity N. /匿名/state of being nameless; anonymousness. The donor of the gift asked the college not to mention
him by name; the dean readily agreed to respect his anonymity.
anonymous ADJ. /匿名的/having no name. She tried to ascertain the identity of the writer of the anonymous letter. antagonism N. /反抗，敌对/hostility; active resistance. Barry showed his antagonism toward his new stepmother by
ignoring her whenever she tried talking to him. antagonistic, ADJ.
antecede V. /先于/precede. The invention of the radiotelegraph anteceded the development of television by a quarter
of a century.
antecedents N. /历史环境;历史背景/preceding events or circumstances that influence what comes later; ancestors or
early background. Susi Bechhofer's ignorance of her Jewish background had its antecedents in the chaos of World War II. Smuggled out of Germany and adopted by a Christian family, she knew nothing of her birth and antecedents until she was reunited with her family in 1989.
antediluvian ADJ. /远古，上古，及其久远/antiquated; extremely ancient. Looking at his great-aunt's antique furniture,
which must have been cluttering up her attic since the time of Noah's flood, the young heir exclaimed, "Heavens! How positively antediluvian!"
anthem N. /圣歌，赞美诗/song of praise or patriotism. Let us now all join in singing the national anthem.
anthology N. /选集/book of literary selections by various authors. This anthology of science fiction was compiled by
the late Isaac Asimov. anthologize,V.
anthropocentric ADJ. /人类中心说/regarding human beings as the center of the universe. Without considering any
evidence that might challenge his anthropocentric viewpoint, Hector categorically maintained that dolphins could not be as intelligent as men. anthropocentrism, N.
anthropoid ADJ. /类人的/manlike. The gorilla is the strongest of the anthropoid animals. also N.
anthropologist N. /人类学家/a student of the history and science of mankind. Anthropologists have discovered
several relics of prehistoric man in this area.
anthropomorphic ADJ. /人形的/having human form or characteristics. Primitive religions often have deities with
anthropomorphic characteristics. anthropomorphism, N.
anticlimax N. /反高潮，突降/letdown in thought or emotion. After the fine performance in the first act, the rest of the
play was an anticlimax. anticlimactic, ADJ.
antidote N. /解药/medicine to counteract a poison or disease. When Marge's child accidentally swallowed some
cleaning fluid, the local poison control hotline instructed Marge how to administer the antidote.-
antipathy N. / 反对， 厌恶/aversion; dislike. Tom's extreme antipathy for disputes keeps him from getting into
arguments with his temperamental wife. Noise in any form is antipathetic to him. Among his other antipathies are honking cars, boom boxes, and heavy metal rock.
antiquated ADJ. /过时的，陈旧的/old-fashioned; obsolete. Philip had grown so accustomed to editing his papers on word processors that he thought typewriters were too antiquated for him to use.