amputate V. /截肢，切除/cut off part of body; prune. When the doctors had to amputate the young man's leg to prevent
the spread of cancer, he did not let the loss of a limb keep him from participating in sports.
amulet N. /护身符/charm; talisman. Around her neck she wore the amulet that the witch doctor had given her. anachronistic ADJ. /时代错误/having an error involving time in a story. The reference to clocks in Julius Caesar is
anachronistic: clocks did not exist in Caesar's time. anachronism, N.
analgesic ADJ. /止痛的/causing insensitivity to pain. The analgesic qualities of this lotion will provide temporary relief. analogous ADJ. /类似的/comparable. She called our attention to the things that had been done in an analogous
situation and recommended that we do the same.
analogy N. /类比，相似/similarity; parallelism. A well-known analogy compares the body's immune system with an army
whose defending troops are the lymphocytes or white blood cells.
anarchist N. /无政府主义者/person who seeks to overturn the established government; advocate of abolishing
authority. Denying she was an anarchist, Katya maintained she wished only to make changes in our government, not to destroy it entirely. anarchy, N.
anarchy N. /无政府主义/absence of governing body; state of disorder. The assassination of the leaders led to a period
anathema N. /诅咒/solemn curse; someone or something regarded as a curse. The Ayatolla Khomeini heaped
anathema upon "the Great Satan," that is, the United States. To the Ayatolla, America and the West were anathema; he loathed the democratic nations, cursing them in his dying words. anathematize,V.
ancestry N. /祖先/family descent. David can trace his ancestry as far back as the seventeenth century, when one of
his ancestors was a court trumpeter somewhere in Germany. ancestral, ADJ.
anchor V. /固定;锚/secure or fasten firmly; be fixed in place. We set the post in concrete to anchor it in place.
ancillary ADJ. /辅助的/serving as an aid or accessory; auxiliary. In an ancillary capacity, Doctor Watson was helpful;
however, Holmes could not trust the good doctor to solve a perplexing case on his own. also N.
anecdote N. /奇闻轶事/short account of an amusing or interesting event. Rather than make concrete proposals for
welfare reform, President Reagan told anecdotes about poor people who became wealthy despite their impoverished backgrounds.
anemia N. /贫血/condition in which blood lacks red corpuscles. The doctor ascribes her tiredness to anemia. anemic,
anesthetic N. /麻醉药/substance that removes sensation with or without loss of consciousness. His monotonous
voice acted like an anesthetic; his audience was soon asleep. anesthesia, N.
anguish N. /极度痛苦/acute pain; extreme suffering. Visiting the site of the explosion, the governor wept to see the
anguish of the victims and their families.
angular ADJ. /有尖角的，瘦骨嶙峋的/sharp-cornered; stiff in manner. Mr. Spock's features, though angular, were curiously
attractive, in a Vulcan way.
animated ADJ. /活跃的，有生气的/lively; spirited. Jim Carrey's facial expressions are highly animated: when he played
Ace Ventura, he looked practically rubber-faced.
animosity N. /仇恨/active enmity. He incurred the animosity of the ruling class because he advocated limitations of
animus N. /敌意/hostile feeling or intent. The animus of the speaker became obvious to all when he began to indulge
in sarcastic and insulting remarks.
annals N. /记录，历史/records; history. In the annals of this period, we find no mention of democratic movements. annex V. /接手/attach; take possession of. Mexico objected to the United States' attempts to annex the territory that later became the state of Texas.