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  alcove N. /小隔间,壁橱/nook; small, recessed section of a room. Though their apartment lacked a full-scale dining

  room, an alcove adjacent to the living room made an adequate breakfast nook for the young couple.

  alias N. /别名/an assumed name. John Smith's alias was Bob Jones. also ADJ.

  alienate V. /孤立,树敌/make hostile; separate. Her attempts to alienate the two friends failed because they had

  complete faith in each other.

  alimentary ADJ. /营养的/supplying nourishment. The alimentary canal in our bodies is so named because digestion of foods occurs there. When asked for the name of the digestive tract, Sherlock Holmes replied, "Alimentary, my dear

  Watson."

  alimony N. /(离婚后的)生活费,抚养费/payment by a husband to his divorced wife (or vice versa). Mrs. Jones was

  awarded $200 monthly alimony by the court when she was divorced from her husband.

  allay V. /平静下来,(使)冷静下来/calm; pacify. The crew tried to allay the fears of the passengers by announcing that the

  fire had been controlled.

  allege V. /断言/state without proof. Although it is alleged that she has worked for the enemy, she denies the allegation

  and, legally, we can take no action against her without proof. allegation, N.

  allegiance N. /忠诚/loyalty. Not even a term in prison could shake Lech Walesa's allegiance to Solidarity, the Polish

  trade union he had helped to found.

  allegory N. /寓言/story in which characters are used as symbols; fable. Pilgrim's Progress is an allegory of the

  temptations and victories of man's soul. allegorical, ADJ.

  alleviate V. /解脱,释放,释然/relieve. This should alleviate the pain; if it does not, we shall have to use stronger drugs.

  alliteration N. /头韵/repetition of beginning sound in poetry. "The furrow followed free" is an example of alliteration. allocate V. /分配,制定/assign. Even though the Red Cross had allocated a large sum for the relief of the sufferers of

  the disaster, many people perished.

  alloy N. /合金/a mixture as of metals. Alloys of gold are used more frequently than the pure metal.

  alloy V. /混合,中和/mix; make less pure; lessen or moderate. Our delight at the Yankees' victory was alloyed by our

  concern for Dwight Gooden, who injured his pitching arm in the game.

  allude V. /暗指/refer indirectly. Try not to mention divorce in Jack's presence because he will think you are alluding to

  his marital problems with Jill.

  allure V. /诱惑,引诱/entice; attract. Allured by the song of the sirens, the helmsman steered the ship toward the reef.

  also N.

  allusion N. /暗指,暗示/indirect reference. When Amanda said to the ticket scalper, "One hundred bucks? What do you

  want, a pound of flesh?," she was making an allusion to Shakespeare's Merchant of Venice.

  aloft ADV. /向上/upward. The sailor climbed aloft into the rigging. To get into a loft bed, you have to climb aloft.

  aloof ADJ. /分离,保留/apart; reserved. Shy by nature, she remained aloof while all the rest conversed.

  altercation N. /大声争吵,激烈争论/noisy quarrel; heated dispute. In that hottempered household, no meal ever came to

  a peaceful conclusion; the inevitable altercation might even end in blows.

  altruistic ADJ. /无私的,关心他人的/unselfishly generous; concerned for others. In providing tutorial assistance and

  college scholarships for hundreds of economically disadvantaged youths, Eugene Lang performed a truly altruistic deed. altruism, N.

  amalgamate V. /结合,整合/combine; unite in one body. The unions will attempt to amalgamate their groups into one

  national body.

  amass V. /收集/collect. The miser's aim is to amass and hoard as much gold as possible.

  ambidextrous ADJ. /双手都灵巧/capable of using either hand with equal ease. A switch-hitter in baseball should be

  naturally ambidextrous.

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