abase V. /降低，羞辱/lower; humiliate. Defeated, Queen Zenobia was forced to abase herself before the conquering
Romans, who made her march in chains before the emperor in the procession celebrating his triumph. abasement, N.
abash V. /使难堪/embarrass. He was not at all abashed by her open admiration.
abate V. /减弱，减少/subside; decrease, lessen. Rather than leaving immediately, they waited for the storm to abate.
abbreviate V. /减短，缩写/shorten. Because we were running out of time, the lecturer had to abbreviate her speech.
abdicate V. /放弃/renounce; give up. When Edward VIII abdicated the British throne to marry the woman he loved, he
surprised the entire world.
abduction N. /绑架/kidnapping. The movie Ransom describes the attempts to rescue a multimillionaire's son after the
child's abduction by kidnappers. abduct,V.
aberrant N. /不正常的/abnormal or deviant. Given the aberrant nature of the data, we doubted the validity of the entire
experiment. also N.
abet V. /帮助，鼓励/aid, usually in doing something wrong; encourage. She was unwilling to abet him in the swindle he
abeyance N. /悬而未决/suspended action. The deal was held in abeyance until her arrival.
abhor V. /憎恨/detest; hate. She abhorred all forms of bigotry. abhorrence, N.
abject ADJ. /穷困潦倒，卑微/wretched; lacking pride. On the streets of New York the homeless live in abject poverty,
huddling in doorways to find shelter from the wind.
abjure V. /发誓放弃/renounce upon oath. He abjured his allegiance to the king. abjuration, N.
ablution N. /洗/washing. His daily ablutions were accompanied by loud noises that he humorously labeled "Opera in
abnegation N. /批判，自我牺牲/repudiation; self-sacrifice. No act of abnegation was more pronounced than his refusal
of any rewards for his discovery.
abolish V. /废除/cancel; put an end to. The president of the college refused to abolish the physical education
requirement. abolition, N.
abominable ADJ. /可恶的，非常糟糕/detestable; extremely unpleasant; very bad. Mary liked John until she learned he
was dating Susan; then she called him an abominable young man, with abominable taste in women.
aboriginal ADJ., N. /原来的，土著的/being the first of its kind in a region; primitive; native. Her studies of the primitive art
forms of the aboriginal Indians were widely reported in the scientific journals. aborigines, N.
abortive ADJ. /不成功的，失败/unsuccessful; fruitless. Attacked by armed troops, the Chinese students had to abandon
their abortive attempt to democratize Beijing peacefully. abort,V.
abrade V. /磨损，侵蚀/wear away by friction; scrape; erode. The sharp rocks abraded the skin on her legs, so she put
iodine on her abrasions.
abrasive ADJ. /摩擦的，粗糙的，研磨剂/rubbing away; tending to grind down. Jus t as abrasive cleaning powders can wear
away a shiny finish, abrasive remarks can wear away a listener's patience. abrade,V.
abridge V. /删节，节选/condense or shorten. Because the publishers felt the public wanted a shorter version of War
and Peace, they proceeded to abridge the novel.
abrogate ADJ. /废除/abolish. He intended to abrogate the decree issued by his predecessor.
abscond V. /隐匿，逃避，躲债/depart secretly and hide. The teller who absconded with the bonds went uncaptured until
someone recognized him from his photograph on "America's Most Wanted."
absolute ADJ. /完全的，肯定的/complete; totally unlimited; certain. Although the King of Siam was an absolute monarch,
he did not want to behead his unfaithful wife without absolute evidence of her infidelity.