独特性: Individuality ：Following the Crowd Do people need to compare themselves with others in order to appreciate what they have? Are widely held views often wrong, or are such views more likely to be correct? Is there any value for people to belong only to a group or groups with which they have something in common? Is it always best to determine one's own views of right and wrong, or can we benefit from following the crowd? Is it more valuable for people to fit in than to be unique and different? Are people more likely to be productive and successful when they ignore the opinions of others?
遵循权威：Following Authority Should we pay more attention to people who are older and more experienced than we are? Should society limit people's exposure to some kinds of information or forms of expression? Can a group of people function effectively without someone being in charge? Is it important to question the ideas and decisions of people in positions of authority? Should society limit people's exposure to some kinds of information or forms of expression? Is education primarily the result of influences other than school? Should schools help students understand moral choices and social issues
自我与成功Self-Determination and Success Is identity something people are born with or given, or is it something people create for themselves? Is it best for people to accept who they are and what they have, or should people always strive to better themselves? Do success and happiness depend on the choices people make rather than on factors beyond their control? Are people more likely to be happy if they focus on goals other than their own happiness? Is it more important to do work that one finds fulfilling or work that pays well?
期待与成功Self-Expectation and Success Do highly accomplished people achieve more than others mainly because they expect more of themselves? Can people achieve success only if they aim to be perfect? Is it best to have low expectations and to set goals we are sure of achieving?
合作与成功Collaboration and Success Is it necessary for people to combine their efforts with those of others in order to be most effective? Are organizations or groups most successful when their members pursue
individual wishes and goals? Do people achieve more success by cooperation than by competition?
道德与成功Ethics and Success Does fame bring happiness, or are people who are not famous more likely to be happy? Are people's actions motivated primarily by a desire for power over others?
专注与成功Quality or Quantity and Success Do people achieve greatness only by finding out what they are especially good at and developing that attribute above all else? Are all important discoveries the result of focusing on one subject?
技术进步：Technological “Progress” Does a strong commitment to technological progress cause a society to neglect other values, such as education and the protection of the environment? Are there benefits to be gained from avoiding the use of modern technology, even when using it would make life easier? Has today's abundance of information only made it more difficult for us to understand the world around us? Is the most important purpose of technology today different from what it was in the past? Have modern advancements truly improved the quality of people's lives? Do newspapers, magazines, television, radio, movies, the Internet, and other media determine what is important to most people? Should modern society be criticized for being materialistic?
英雄：Heroes Do we benefit from learning about the flaws of people we admire and respect? Should we limit our use of the term "courage" to acts in which people risk their own well-being for the sake of others or to uphold a value? Should we admire heroes but not celebrities? Is there a value in celebrating certain individuals as heroes?
忠诚：Loyalty Should people always be loyal? Do circumstances determine whether or not we should tell the truth? Can deception—pretending that something is true when it is not—sometimes have good results? Is it sometimes necessary to be impolite? Is acting an essential part of everyday life?