A metaphor makes a hidden comparison between two things or objects that are dissimilar to each other but have some characteristics common between them.


  “All the world’s a stage and men and women merely players.”



  1) 煽动情绪

  …appeals directly to the senses of listeners or readers

  2) 便于理解

  …sharpens their imaginations to comprehend what is being communicated to them.

  3) 增强视觉化效果

  …adds visual intensity to…


  What the author does?

  Metaphor is applied to…

  The “…” metaphor is a stylistic device that

  This metaphor…

  Why he or she does it?

  …serves the purpose to make the ...ungrounded 2)…adds visual intensity to…

  …helps to dismiss…

  This helps the reader understand the complexities of…

  What effect this is likely to have on readers?

  …making the audience condemn…

  Any reader who has …cannot tolerate such …

  …create a sense that…



  原 文

  Standing on the coastal plain, I was saddened to think of the tragedy that might occur if this great wilderness was consumed by a web of roads and pipelines, drilling rigs and industrial facilities. ( 原文选自:Foreword to Arctic National Wildlife Refuge)

  分 析

  He describes the potential destruction with an image suggestive of a predator that traps its prey in a web and then consumes it. The “web” metaphor is a stylistic device that dehumanizes the oil drilling industry. This reinforces his point that the destruction would be total and permanent. (范文摘自《新SAT写作官方题库与范文》中国出版集团中译出版社)


  首先范文准确的描述了原文作者在此处使用了一个比喻的写作手法(a “web” metaphor),将公路、石油管道比喻成一张能够吞噬保护区的网。