1. a fence or boundary formed by closely growing bushes

  2. a way of protecting oneself against financial loss or other adverse circumstances

  n. 树篱;避险

  She invests her money as a hedge against inflation.


  an animal that only eats plants

  n. [动] 食草动物

  herbivorous animals


  the traditions, achievements, beliefs, etc., that are part of the history of a group or nation

  n. 遗产;传统;继承物;继承权

  His Polish heritage was very important to him.


  the period of one's greatest popularity, vigor, or prosperity

  n. 遗产;传统;继承物;继承权

  In the heyday of big cars nobody cared how much gas cost.


  offensive to the senses and especially to sight : exceedingly ugly;morally offensive : shocking

  adj. 骇人听闻的, 可怕的

  The room was filled with hideous furniture.


  to make (something, such as a task or action) slow or difficult

  v. 阻碍

  Their journey was hindered [=impeded, slowed] by snow and high winds.


  a person or thing that makes a situation difficult : a person or thing that hinders someone or something

  n. 障碍;妨碍;妨害;阻碍物

  She wanted to sign up for the class, but the cost was a hindrance. [=the class cost too much]


  the knowledge and understanding that you have about an event only after it has happened

  n. 后见之明;枪的照门

  It's easy for us to say that the war was wrong, but we have the advantage/benefit of hindsight.


  a usually metal piece that attaches a door, gate, or cover to something and allows it to open and close

  n. 铰链,折叶


  a heterogeneous mixture

  n. 大杂烩

  a hodgepodge of styles


  relating to or concerned with complete systems rather than with individual parts

  adj. 整体的;全盘的

  Holistic medicine attempts to treat both the mind and the body.


  (1)to sharpen or smooth with a whetstone(2)to improve your skill at doing something

  v. 用磨刀石磨

  She honed her language skills by reading and writing every day.


  to be in a state of uncertainty, irresolution, or suspense

  v. 徘徊,逗留

  Watch as the hummingbird hovers over the flowers.


  to cry out loudly

  vi. 咆哮;怒吼;狂吠

  The dogs were howling at the moon.


  not costly or luxurious

  adj. 谦逊的

  Despite all his achievements, he has remained humble.


  the behavior of people who do things that they tell other people not to do : behavior that does not agree with what someone claims to believe or feel

  n. 虚伪;伪善

  When his private letters were made public, they revealed his hypocrisy.


  a person who criticizes or opposes beliefs and practices that are widely accepted

  n. 偶像破坏者;提倡打破旧习的人

  The iconoclasm of his views made him unpopular.