abase V. /降低,羞辱/lower; humiliate. Defeated, Queen Zenobia was forced to abase herself before the conquering

  Romans, who made her march in chains before the emperor in the procession celebrating his triumph. abasement, N.

  abash V. /使难堪/embarrass. He was not at all abashed by her open admiration.

  abate V. /减弱,减少/subside; decrease, lessen. Rather than leaving immediately, they waited for the storm to abate.

  abatement, N.

  abbreviate V. /减短,缩写/shorten. Because we were running out of time, the lecturer had to abbreviate her speech.

  abdicate V. /放弃/renounce; give up. When Edward VIII abdicated the British throne to marry the woman he loved, he

  surprised the entire world.

  abduction N. /绑架/kidnapping. The movie Ransom describes the attempts to rescue a multimillionaire's son after the

  child's abduction by kidnappers. abduct,V.

  aberrant N. /不正常的/abnormal or deviant. Given the aberrant nature of the data, we doubted the validity of the entire

  experiment. also N.

  abet V. /帮助,鼓励/aid, usually in doing something wrong; encourage. She was unwilling to abet him in the swindle he

  had planned.

  abeyance N. /悬而未决/suspended action. The deal was held in abeyance until her arrival.

  abhor V. /憎恨/detest; hate. She abhorred all forms of bigotry. abhorrence, N.

  abject ADJ. /穷困潦倒,卑微/wretched; lacking pride. On the streets of New York the homeless live in abject poverty,

  huddling in doorways to find shelter from the wind.

  abjure V. /发誓放弃/renounce upon oath. He abjured his allegiance to the king. abjuration, N.

  ablution N. /洗/washing. His daily ablutions were accompanied by loud noises that he humorously labeled "Opera in

  the Bath."

  abnegation N. /批判,自我牺牲/repudiation; self-sacrifice. No act of abnegation was more pronounced than his refusal

  of any rewards for his discovery.

  abolish V. /废除/cancel; put an end to. The president of the college refused to abolish the physical education

  requirement. abolition, N.

  abominable ADJ. /可恶的,非常糟糕/detestable; extremely unpleasant; very bad. Mary liked John until she learned he

  was dating Susan; then she called him an abominable young man, with abominable taste in women.

  aboriginal ADJ., N. /原来的,土著的/being the first of its kind in a region; primitive; native. Her studies of the primitive art

  forms of the aboriginal Indians were widely reported in the scientific journals. aborigines, N.

  abortive ADJ. /不成功的,失败/unsuccessful; fruitless. Attacked by armed troops, the Chinese students had to abandon

  their abortive attempt to democratize Beijing peacefully. abort,V.

  abrade V. /磨损,侵蚀/wear away by friction; scrape; erode. The sharp rocks abraded the skin on her legs, so she put

  iodine on her abrasions.

  abrasive ADJ. /摩擦的,粗糙的,研磨剂/rubbing away; tending to grind down. Jus t as abrasive cleaning powders can wear

  away a shiny finish, abrasive remarks can wear away a listener's patience. abrade,V.

  abridge V. /删节,节选/condense or shorten. Because the publishers felt the public wanted a shorter version of War

  and Peace, they proceeded to abridge the novel.

  abrogate ADJ. /废除/abolish. He intended to abrogate the decree issued by his predecessor.

  abscond V. /隐匿,逃避,躲债/depart secretly and hide. The teller who absconded with the bonds went uncaptured until

  someone recognized him from his photograph on "America's Most Wanted."

  absolute ADJ. /完全的,肯定的/complete; totally unlimited; certain. Although the King of Siam was an absolute monarch,

  he did not want to behead his unfaithful wife without absolute evidence of her infidelity.