在新SAT写作考试中,想要取得高分的考生要学会使用evidence, reasoning, and stylistic and persuasive elements来进行论证推理,这些因素都是论证性写作中的最基本要素。那么sat写作reasoning应该怎么写呢?

  根据SAT写作考查方向来看,除了分析论据之外,我们必须还要关注阅读文章作者是如何“排兵布阵”,组织论据,证明论点的,也就是要分析阅读文章的论证方式。

  所以说,evidence论据解决的是“用什么来论证”的问题,而reasoning论证解决的则是“如何使用论据证明论点”的问题。一篇议论文,如果只是几个例子,数据,事实等论据简单陈述甚至是杂乱无章的列罗的话,那么读者也同样会一头雾水,不知所云,逻辑混乱,也不会接收到文章想要传达的最核心的内容。所以高质量的议论文必定会采用清晰的逻辑顺序,合理的结构安排,顺畅的行文思路来展开自己的论述。

  关于reasoning一项考查的最浅显的部分就是对于文章的结构把握,常见的议论文逻辑结构有:

  Pattern 1 Definition

  (1) add to the definition by offering specific examples;

  (2) provide information about history, location, context, or usage;

  (3) explain how the term differs from a similar word or phrase;

  (4) further define the key term by introducing its antonym, or term opposite in meaning.

  Pattern 2 Comparison and Contrast

  (1) With the help of comparison, authors can help readers better understand the things being compared. For example, comparing something abstract with something concrete and familiar may help readers easily know the former.

  (2) With the help of contrast, authors will be able to emphasize something effectively by putting it in front of its opposite. For example, by putting the beautiful and the ugly, or the good and the evil together, an author can easily convince readers the beauty or kindness of a person.

  Pattern 3 Cause and Effect

  The process of explaining how an event leads to or produces another is the pattern of cause and effect. In this pattern, if A leads to B, A is called the cause while B the effect. The pattern of cause and effect, when used, helps readers to have a clear understanding of not only what happens or what happens first, but more importantly why something happens, which is essential for knowing about an event.

  Pattern 4 Time Order

  Writers use the process pattern to tell their readers how something works, happens, or develops.

  (1) describe what made a particular span of time eventful or memorable, making people realize the significance or influence of something;

  (2) chart the career of an important figure, helping readers to have a better understanding of the person discussed;

  (3) explain how some theory, invention, or activity came to be part of culture or history, building a general background for readers or to help them realize the significance of them.

  Pattern 5 classifications

  In the classification pattern, the order of the supporting details is also not important. However, there is a critical difference between simple listing and classification. Paragraphs relying on the classification pattern always make the same point: They tell the reader how some larger group can be broken down into smaller subgroups, or classes, each with its own defining set of characteristics. The use of classification patterns can help readers to understand easier abstract or complicated concepts, ideas, or events.

  关于逻辑推理考查的比较深刻的部分就是对于原阅读文章逻辑行文走向的考查,所以除了上面提到的一种相对简单的reasoning之外,大家如果想在reasoning这项再获取更多分数的话,就要对文章的句子和句子之间的逻辑,段落和段落之间的逻辑分析的越细致越全面越好。而这个能力不是一朝一夕能练成的,需要大家进行大量的高质量的阅读地道的议论文才能慢慢提高,这也是reasoning为什么难得分的原因。

  另外,我还建议大家在考试的时候也可以适当的用自己习惯的符号或者批注的方式进行细致的标注,这样你会对这篇文章的逻辑做到一目了然。

  在考试中,不论是sat写作reasoning还是evidence,只要把文章的重点写出来,有强有力的说明就可以了,就能取得一个不错的分数。

  备考推荐:

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