SAT备考复习中,针对考试指南中出现的考试题目,大家需要做好练习。通常这些题目更具有代表性,大家练习这些内容,能够举一反三更好地备考SAT考试,因此下面小编为大家整理了详细的内容,供大家参考!

  Most parents and teachers tell students the extremely tired cliché of the consequences of following the crowd. It is said that, in order to be a competely individual thinker, one must ignore what others say. Such advice is certainly true to some extent; unreasonable malice must be forgotten in order to keep some level of self-esteem. However, as with most ideas, this one can not be taken in absolute form. In at least some respects, we need other people in order to understand ourselves.

  An excellent example of a literary character who could have psychologically benefitted from social interaction is J. Alfred Prufrock from T.S. Eliot’s poem “The Love Song of J. Alfred Prufrock.” In the poem, Prufrck desires a relationship with a woman very much, but he refrains from initiating conversation because he fears that he could not hold the interest of a sophisticated lady. Should Prufrock have taken the step to accept other people into his life, he most likely would have discovered, as the reader of the poem certainly did, that he is most articulate. Others would have impressed upon him the beauty of his words and his talent for prose. If Prufrock would have spoken his song a loud, the ladies surely would have shown him what he himself did not understand. Since the ladies would reveal Prufrock’s talents to him, it is true that we need others in order to understand ourselves.

  The lesson of learning from other’s opinions of yourself extends much farther than the song of a fictional character. Two days ago, in an art class, my group of students had assigned self portraits due.

  Most of us brought in photographs of ourselves. Nevertheless, one boy brought nothing and handed us all slips of paper. He told us to write a word to describe him, and when we had done so, he pasted the words on a poster. This must have been a revealing exercise for him because, upon the sight of such descriptions as “bitter” and “sarcastic”, he was shocked. In the case of this boy, he had not realized how his personality appeared to others. Though he might not have thought himself “bitter”, his friend’s comments certainly made him seem that way. The fact that we need others in order to understand ourselves is clearly shown by this boy’s revelation.

  Section 2

  1

  ANSWERS AND EXPLANATIONS

  Explanation for Correct Answer A :

  Choice (A) is correct. "Guarantee" in this context means to provide strong assurances that something will be the case, and "lobby for" means to influence legislators to support certain measures. If one were to insert these terms into the text, the sentence would read "Like many other groups of people in the United States who have needed laws to guarantee equal rights, Americans with disabilities have had to lobby for legislation addressing their concerns." Laws that guarantee equal rights for particular groups of people are usually passed after individuals from those groups have presented their cases to governmental officials who have the power to pass laws.

  Explanation for Incorrect Answer B :

  Choice (B) is incorrect. "Preclude" means to prevent something or make it impossible, and "enact" means to pass a law. If one were to insert these terms into the text, the sentence would read "Like many other groups of people in the United States who have needed laws to preclude equal rights, Americans with disabilities have had to enact legislation addressing their concerns." People do not need or want laws that make equal rights impossible unless these people seek to restrict the rights of others. In any case, legislators are the ones in a position to "enact" laws. People with disabilities who also have the power to enact laws would be referred to as legislators when performing their governmental function.

  Explanation for Incorrect Answer C :

  UnRegistered

  Choice (C) is incorrect. "Ascertain" means to find out, and "consolidate" means to unite. If one were to insert these terms into the text, the sentence would read "Like many other groups of people in the United States who have needed laws to ascertain equal rights, Americans with disabilities have had to consolidate legislation addressing their concerns." Abstract concepts like civil rights are not something that people "ascertain." In addition, it is unclear how people would benefit from consolidating different pieces of legislation.

  Explanation for Incorrect Answer D :

  Choice (D) is incorrect. "Compound" in this context means to increase the extent of, and "contend with" means to deal with something difficult or undesirable. If one were to insert these terms into the text, the sentence would read "Like many other groups of people in the United States who have needed laws to compound equal rights, Americans with disabilities have had to contend with legislation addressing their concerns." Though "compound" can be used to mean to increase the extent of something, that use of "compound" is normally found in set phrases like "compound an error," where the object of the verb is something undesirable. Also, people desiring a particular piece of legislation do not need to "contend with" legislation that addresses their concerns; they would need, rather, to "contend with" legislation that rejects their concerns.

  Explanation for Incorrect Answer E :

  Choice (E) is incorrect. "Suppress" in this context means to curtail or limit, and "ratify" means to validate officially. If one were to insert these terms into the text, the sentence would read "Like many other groups of people in the United States who have needed laws to suppress equal rights, Americans with disabilities have had to ratify legislation addressing their concerns." It is hard to imagine why people would seek to limit their own civil rights. Moreover, only legislators have the power to ratify laws; other people can get that power only when they are elected or appointed as legislators.

  ANSWERS AND EXPLANATIONS

  Explanation for Correct Answer A :

  Choice (A) is correct. "Motley" means having many different varieties. If one were to insert this term into the text, the sentence would read "The café attracts a motley clientele: a startlingly heterogeneous group of people collects there." The colon at the end of the main clause implies that the information that follows it will be a list or an explanation. In this case, the second clause provides a clear explanation of why the clientele was described as motley—that people attracted to it are heterogeneous, or quite unlike one another.

  Explanation for Incorrect Answer B :

  Choice (B) is incorrect. "Callous" means hardened. If one were to insert this term into the text, the sentence would read "The café attracts a callous clientele: a startlingly heterogeneous group of people collects there." A sentence containing a colon typically provides a list or an explanation after the colon. This sentence, however, provides a comment following the colon that in no way explains how or why the clientele should be considered hardened.

  Explanation for Incorrect Answer C :

  Choice (C) is incorrect. "Languid" means lacking energy. If one were to insert this term into the text, the sentence would read "The café attracts a languid clientele: a startlingly heterogeneous group of people collects there." The second clause of the sentence does not explain why the writer considers the clientele to be languid; this is inconsistent with the use of a colon.

  UnRegistered

  Explanation for Incorrect Answer D :

  Choice (D) is incorrect. "Mysterious" means difficult to explain. If one were to insert this term into the text, the sentence would read "The café attracts a mysterious clientele: a startlingly heterogeneous group of people collects there." The second clause of the sentence does not explain why the clientele is mysterious, which is inconsistent with the use of a colon. Saying that a group of people is quite varied does not explain why it was described as mysterious.

  Explanation for Incorrect Answer E :

  Choice (E) is incorrect. "Humane" means kind or compassionate. If one were to insert this term into the text, the sentence would read "The café attracts a humane clientele: a startlingly heterogeneous group of people collects there." Saying that the group of people consists of many different kinds does not explain why the clientele was earlier described as humane. The colon ending the first clause, however, implies that an explanation of the statement in the first clause will appear in the second clause.

  以上就是关于“新SAT OG5真题内容练习”的内容,希望通过上述内容的学习,大家能够更充分的备考SAT考试,在考试中取得更高的分数,顺利留学。


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