SAT阅读考试包含了短阅读和长阅读两种形式,其中长阅读的难度会更大。因此在备考的过程中,大家也需要多进行长阅读的练习,具体的SAT阅读的真题都有哪些内容呢?下面小编为大家整理了详细的内容,供大家参考!

  【真题原文】

  英文原文:Conducting scientific research on this most difficult of groups can be compared to viewing a whale through a keyhole. The bulk of the animal glides past from time to time while we try desperately to figure out what on earth it is. In spite of lots of sparks and smoke, we have so far accomplished little more than a small enlargement of this keyhole. Someday--perhaps in the next hundred years--we may have a picture-window-sized keyhole and will finally see what the whole whale looks like. But even then the enigma of the whale will still stand, undecoded, before us.

  【译文】在这个最具有挑战性的物种做科学试验可以被比作透过钥匙孔看一支鲸鱼。这只动物的庞大身躯从我们身边游过,而我们还在拼命琢磨它到底是什么东西。尽管付出了种种努力,到目前为止我们也不过就相当于把那个钥匙孔扩大了一点点。也许,未来的某一天,搞不好是未来的一百年里,我们可能能有可大型落地窗大小的钥匙孔,并且最终看到整个鲸鱼的长相。但是,即便到那时,鲸鱼也始终会像一个不可破解的迷一样矗立在我们面前。

  英文原文:I have been studying whales continuously since 1967. One of the delights of that experience has been discovering that there is no way to get a whale to adopt a human time scale. This is no more possible than it would be for a human to adopt a weasel's speed of living. Whales are unhurriable. It's one of their most endearing traits. Nowhere is this more engagingly seen than in trying to figure out what a whale is doing when what you are watching is, say, play but you have not yet figured that out. The difficulty comes from the fact that one of the major clues to the function of a behavior pattern is the rhythm of its occurrence. Because we commonly associate play with quick motions, the key to being able to recognize play in whales is learning to think differently--in terms of long, slow rhythms, where things occur very lingeringly (it would be a comparable problem to learn to recognize play in snails, or sloths, or tortoises). To understand whales one must be deeply patient, must slow way down and be content to observe passively for a long time. Only at the end of, say, a day may one say to oneself, "Now let me see; what did I see? Well, I saw the whale do this . . . and then it did this . . . and then this . . . and then . . . For heaven's sake, it was play I was looking at. " In order to observe whales, you must be willing to set your metronome on adagio. Then, to understand what you have seen, you must fast-forward through your observations by setting your metronome on allegro.

  【译文】自从1967年以来我就一直在研究鲸鱼。那段经历的一个愉快之处是发现你永远也没有可能让鲸鱼去使用人类的时间观。这就好似你不可能让人类去有鼬鼠的生活速度一样。鲸鱼是不可能加快速度的。这是它们最讨喜的特点之一。 尤其当你试图去琢磨这只蠢鲸鱼在干嘛,其实它是在玩耍,而你又没有意识到它是在玩耍的时候,你就愈发突出地感受到了它的这个特点。难点来于这样一个事实:一个行为模式的作用最大的线索之一是它出现的节奏。因为我们通常会把玩耍和快速的行动联系在一起,能够意识到鲸鱼在玩耍的关键就在于要有不同的思维,它们玩耍要有更长,更缓慢的节奏, 动作更加地绵延迟缓(就好似你在看蜗牛,树懒,海龟玩耍一样。)为了去了解鲸鱼,一个人必须无比有耐心,必须慢下来,必须能够开开心心的静静观察好长一段时间。到了一天快结束的时候,这个人会自言自语:好吧,我看看,我看到了什么,嗯,我看到了鲸鱼做这个了,然后它又做了这个,还有这个,天啊,它在玩耍。为了能够观察鲸鱼,你必须乐于去把你的节拍器调到慢板上。然后,为了理解你看到了什么,你必须在把节拍器调到快板上来快进这一过程。

  英文原文:During the first ten years of my career in biology, I was an experimentalist. I worked in neurophysiology and behavior and did experiments on how bats determine the direction from which a sound is coming, how owls locate their prey in total darkness by hearing it, and how moths determine the direction from which a bat is approaching (so they can make evasive maneuvers to avoid it). When I started studying whales--a group of species upon which it is all but impossible to experiment--I worried whether I would find the work stimulating enough or whether it would seem boring simply observing, without ever being able to manipulate anything--or do an experiment. I had enjoyed experimental work--at that time of my life I liked manipulating things, but I had very little idea of how to make good, passive field observations. But one does, eventually, grow up, and I soon appreciated the greater rewards of finding things out through passive observation. It's a lot like astronomy--another field in which you can never perform an experiment but must wait for nature to present you with something interesting to observe. I soon realized that the constraints posed by passive observation can be more challenging than those posed by experimental work. It is rather like the constraints of the sonnet form, which make composing poetry exquisitely challenging. Passive observation is a different kind of challenge than experimentation, but I believe it requires a subtler way of thinking, and that the result can be sonnets rather than ballads.

  【译文】在我的生物学事业的头十年里,我是一个试验者。我研究神经生理学和行为,我做过关于蝙蝠是如何辨别声音来源方向的试验,做过猫头鹰是如何在完全的黑暗中通过听觉找到猎物的试验,做过蛾子是如何辨别蝙蝠来自哪个方向的试验(只有这样,蛾子才能躲开蝙蝠。)当我开始研究鲸鱼的时候,这个物种是不太可能能够被试验的,我不由得忧心忡忡是否这个工作能够足够的激动人心,这个工作啥也不做,就在那里傻看,会不会太没有意思了。我一直都很喜欢作实验,在那段时间里,我很喜欢操作物件,然而我全然不知如何去完美的,静静的去实地观察。但是我很快就开始体会到静静观察事物的好处和回报,我很快意识到了静静观察中的限制可能比试验性工作的限制更有挑战性。这更像十四行诗的限制使作诗更加微妙且性一样。静静的观察需要一种更加细致的思考,成果也更像是精致的十四行诗,而不是民谣。

  以上就是关于“2011年5月SAT阅读长篇文章”的内容,希望通过上述内容的练习,大家对于SAT阅读考试的长篇阅读有更好地认识,也希望大家能够攻克相关的难题,拿到高分。

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