genealogy N. /家谱/record of descent; lineage. He was proud of his genealogy and constantly referred to the
achievements of his ancestors.
generality N. /一般性/vague statement. This report is filled with generalities; be more specific in your statements.
generate V. /产生;创造/cause; produce; create. In his first days in office, President Clinton managed to generate a new mood of optimism; we just hoped he could generate some new jobs.
generic ADJ. /普通的/characteristic of an entire class or species. Sue knew so many computer programmers who spent their spare time playing fantasy games that she began to think that playing Dungeons & Dragons was a generic trait.
genesis N. /发源，源头/beginning; origin. Tracing the genesis of a family is the theme of Roots.
geniality N. /亲切;同情/cheerfulness; kindliness; sympathy. This restaurant is famous and popular because of the
geniality of the proprietor who tries to make everyone happy.
genre N. /风格(文学、艺术)/particular variety of art or literature. Both a short story writer and a poet, Langston Hughes proved himself equally skilled in either genre.
genteel ADJ. /上流的/well-bred; elegant. We are looking for a man with a genteel appearance who can inspire confidence by his cultivated manner.
gentility N. /有教养，文雅/those of gentle birth; refinement. Her family was proud of its gentility and elegance.
gentry N. /贵族/people of standing; class of people just below nobility. The local gentry did not welcome the visits of the summer tourists and tried to ignore their presence in the community.
germane ADJ. /密切相关/pertinent; bearing upon the case at hand. The judge refused to allow the testimony to be heard by the jury because it was not germane to the case.
germinal ADJ. /未成熟的，幼芽的/pertaining to a germ; creative. Such an idea is germinal, I am certain that it will
influence thinkers and philosophers for many generations.
germinate V. /发芽/cause to sprout; sprout. After the seeds germinate and develop their permanent leaves, the plants may be removed from the cold frames and transplanted to the garden.
gesticulation N. /动作;手势/motion; gesture. Operatic performers are trained to make exaggerated gesticulations because of the large auditoriums in which they appear.
ghastly ADJ. /恐怖的/horrible. The murdered man was a ghastly sight.
gibberish N. /胡话;嘟囔/nonsense; babbling. Did you hear that fool boy spouting gibberish about monsters from outer space? gibber, V.
gibe V. /嘲笑/mock. As you gibe at their superstitious beliefs, do you realize that you, too, are guilty of similarly foolish thoughts?
giddy ADJ. /眼花缭乱/light-hearted; dizzy. He felt his giddy youth was past.
gingerly ADV. /小心翼翼地/very carefully. To separate egg whites, first crack the egg gingerly.
girth N. /方圆;周围环境/distance around something; circumference. It took an extra-large cummerbund to fit around Andrew Carnegie's considerable girth.
gist N. /精华/essence. She was asked to give the gist of the essay in two sentences.
glacial ADJ. /冰河的，冰川的/like a glacier; extremely cold. Never a warm person, when offended John could seem positively glacial.
glaring ADJ. /耀眼的/highly conspicuous; harshly bright. Glaring spelling or grammatical errors in your resume will unfavorably impress potential employers.
glaze V. /上釉/cover with a thin and shiny surface. The freezing rain glazed the streets and made driving hazardous. also N.
glib ADJ. /光滑，柔顺;口齿伶俐，圆滑/fluent; facile; slick. Keeping up a steady patter to entertain his customers, the kitchen gadget salesman was a glib speaker, never at a loss for a word.