foresight N. /洞察力/ability to foresee future happenings; prudence. A wise investor, she had the foresight to buy land
just before the current real estate boom.
forestall V. /预防/prevent by taking action in advance. By setting up a prenuptial agreement, the prospective bride
and groom hoped to forestall any potential arguments about money in the event of a divorce.
forgo V. /放弃/give up; do without. Determined to lose weight for the summer, Ida decided to forgo dessert until she
could fit into a size eight again.
forlorn ADJ. /孤苦的，凄凉的/sad and lonely; wretched. Deserted by her big sisters and her friends, the forlorn child sat
sadly on the steps awaiting their return.
formality N. /仪式;礼节/ceremonious quality; something done just for form's sake. The president received the visiting
heads of state with due formality: flags waving, honor guards standing at attention, anthems sounding at full blast. Signing this petition is a mere formality; it does not obligate you in any way.
formidable ADJ. /威胁的，险恶的/menacing; threatening. We must not treat the battle lightly for we are facing a
forsake V. /放弃/desert; abandon; renounce. No one expected Foster to forsake his wife and children and run off with
forswear V. /放弃/renounce; abandon. The captured knight could escape death only if he agreed to forswear
Christianity and embrace Islam as the one true faith.
forte N. /强项，特殊才能/strong point or special talent. I am not eager to play this rather serious role, for my forte is
forthright ADJ. /坦率的;豪爽的/outspoken; straightforward; frank. Never afraid to call a spade a spade, she was
perhaps too forthright to be a successful party politician.
fortitude N. /勇敢的/bravery; courage. He was awarded the medal for his fortitude in the battle.
fortuitous ADJ. /偶然的/accidental; by chance. Though he pretended their encounter was fortuitous, he'd actually been
hanging around her usual haunts for the past two weeks, hoping she'd turn up.
forum N. / 论坛/place of assembly to discuss public concerns; meeting for discussion. The film opens with a shot of
the ancient Forum in Rome, where several senators are discussing the strange new sect known as Christians. At the end of the movie, its director presided over a forum examining new fashions in filmmaking.
foster V. /养育，培养;鼓励/rear; encourage. According to the legend, Romulus and Remus were fostered by a she-wolf
who raised the abandoned infants with her own cubs. alsoADJ.
founder V. /完全失败;沉默/fail completely; sink. After hitting the submerged iceberg, the Titanic started taking in water
rapidly and soon foundered.
founder N. /创办人/person who establishes (an organization, business). Among those drowned when the Titanic sank
was the founder of the Abraham & Straus department store.
fracas N. /争吵;混战/brawl, melee. The military police stopped the fracas in the bar and arrested the belligerents. fractious ADJ. /蛮横倔强的/unruly; disobedient; irritable. Bucking and kicking, the fractious horse unseated its rider. frail ADJ. /弱的/weak. The delicate child seemed too frail to lift the heavy carton. frailty, N. franchise N. /公民权;营业执照/right granted by authority; right to vote; business licensed to sell a product in a particular
territory. The city issued a franchise to the company to operate surface transit lines on the streets for ninety-nine years. For most of American history women lacked the right to vote: not until the early twentieth century was the franchise granted to women. Stan owns a Carvel's ice cream franchise in Chinatown.
frantic ADJ. /狂乱/wild. At the time of the collision, many people became frantic with fear.
fraternize V. /友善/associate in a friendly way. After the game, the members of the two teams fraternized as
cheerfully as if they had never been rivals.