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  1) 形式:

  (1) this/that及其复数形式these/those,用于指代名词、短语和句子。

  (2) same/such没有性,数,格的变化。

  (3) so没有性,数,格的变化。

  2) 句法作用:

  (1) this/these和that/those的用法:分别用于在空间和时间上的进指和远指。

  ① 作为先行词用法的that和those中,those能指人和物,that 只能指物,且表单数。

  ② that/those,this/these可用来替代前文明确的名词及名词短语。

  ③ This和that可以作为状语表示程度。

  注:one表示泛指,that和it 表示特指。that与所指名词为同类,但不是同一个,而it 与所指名词为同一个。

  The hat you bought is bigger than that I bought.

  I can't find my hat. I think I must buy one.

  I can't find my hat. I don' t know where I put it.

  (2) such,(the)same的用法

  二者单复数相同,在句中可做主语、宾语、表语和定语。

  Such was my immediate impression.

  She said the same thing all over again

  His illness was not such as to cause anxiety.

  (3) so的代词用法:只用于两种情况

  ① believe,expect,hope,suppose,think,do等表示看法,假设和行为的动词之后,代替上文一个肯定陈述句。

  ② 用于系动词之后,替代表语。

  Eg: Are you going to play football tomorrow? I hope so.

  He is a lazy boy and will always be so.

  以上内容由智课小编为大家整理的关于“SAT语法的指示代词”,希望可以帮助到大家,小编在此预祝大家在考试中取得好成绩!

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