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  Understatement(低调陈述)

  Understatement的意思是:a statement that is not strong enough to express facts or feelings with full force(语气不够强,不足以表达事实或感情的陈述)。A Dictionary of Literary Terms 所给的解释是:A figure of speech which contains an understatement of emphasis, and therefore the opposite of hyperbole. Often used in everyday speech and usually with laconic or ironic intentions.也就说,这种修辞格式故意使用有节制的修辞来陈述事实,故意清描淡写,借低调与弱化语言形式来表示强调。所以Understatement故意采取“低调”,化大为小,是deliberately minimize the importance 和play down。一般说来,英语Understatement并无固定格式,通常可以通过词典和语法手段体现。

  1 用词汇手段来体现

  According to the newspaper, the driver, who was returning from a wedding, seemed puzzled. “I only had two bottle of beer and a cocktail.”

  据报道,那位参加完一个婚礼后往回赶的司机一脸迷惑地说:“我只不过喝了两瓶啤酒,一杯鸡尾酒罢了。”

  此句话中的seemd puzzled 以及only 把酒后驾车司机的那种不负责任的态度刻画的淋漓尽致,令人厌恶。

  2 用语法手段来体现

  “ Don’t you figure out that I might have had something to do with it?” said Soapy, not without sarcasm, but friendly, as one greets good fortune.

  (O.Henry: The Cop and the Anthem)

  “难道你看不出我可能跟这件事有关吗?” 苏比说,口气不是没有讥讽,但态度却友好,仿佛一个要交好运的人。

  此例是以双重否定体现understatement, not without sarcasm 就是with sarcasm(语带讥讽)。

  简而言之,understatement(低调陈述)的要点就是清描淡写地陈述一种想法。

  以上内容由智课小编为大家整理的关于“SAT阅读中的低调陈述讲解”,希望可以帮助到大家,小编在此预祝大家在考试中取得好成绩!

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