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  SAT语法知识点1:表示方位的介词有in, on, to

  In表示在某地范围内,to表示在某地范围内,on表示与某地相邻。

  如:Shanghai lies in the east of China.

  Japan lies to the east of China.

  Mongolia lies on the north of China.

  SAT语法知识点2:表示计量的介词有at, for, by

  At 表示速度、价格,for 表示交换,以……为代价,by表示以……计

  It flies at about 900 kilos an hour.

  I sold my car at a high price.

  He sold the car for 500 dollars.

  They paid him by the month.

  Here eggs are sold by weight.

  SAT语法知识点3:表示材料的介词of, from, in

  Of成品能够看出原料,from成品已经看不出原料,In表示某种语言或者材料。

  如:This box is made of paper.

  Wine is made from grapes.

  Please fill in the form in pencil first.

  They talk in English

  In指用材料不需要用冠词,而with表示用工具,要用冠词。比如:Draw in pencil/ draw with a pencil

  SAT语法知识点4:表示工具或手段的介词by, with, on

  By表示用某种方式,多用于交通,with表示用某种工具,on表示以……方式,多用于固定词组。

  I went there by bus. / I went there in a bus.

  He broke the window with a stone.

  They talked on the telephone.

  She learns English on the radio/on TV.

  SAT语法知识点5:表示关于的介词of, about, on

  of仅仅是提到或者谈到的某人或者某事,about是关于某人或者某事的较详细的情况,on关于学术性或者严肃的事情。

  He spoke of the film the other day.

  He thought about his matter yesterday.

  Can you tell me something about yourself?

  It’s a textbook on the history of China.

  SAT语法知识点6:表示原因或者理由的介词for, at, from, of, with, by, because of

  For表示原因,经常和sorry, famous, punish, praise, thank, blame连用,如:I am sorry for what I said to you.

  At表示情感变化的原因,意思是听到或者看到而,如:He was surprised at the news.

  From表示外在的原因,比如车祸受伤等,如:He died from the wound.

  Of表示内在的原因,比如病,饿等,如:The old man died of hunger.

  With指生理上或者情感上的由外界到内心的原因,

  如:Hearing the news, he jumped with joy.

  He was shaking with anger.

  By表示外部的,尤其是暴力或者无意中造成的某种结果的原因。

  如:Her body was bent by age.

  She took your umbrella by mistake.

  Because of 表示引起结果的直接原因

  He retired last month because of illness/ because he ill.

  Owing to表示某种不良后果的原因,如:Owing to the rain they could not come.

  Thanks to表示引起某种幸运结果的原因,如:Thanks to John, we won the game.

  Out of表示动机的起因,可以看做“处于”

  He asked the question out of curiosity.

  Through表示因为局部原因影响全局

  The war was lost through bad organization.

  SAT语法知识点7:表示好像或者当做的介词有like, as

  Like表示“像……一样,其实是不是”,as”作为,其实也是”

  Peter the Great, like his country, was strong and proud.

  He talked to me as a father.

  SAT语法知识点8:表示支持或者反对的介词for, against

  Are you for my idea or against it?

  SAT语法知识点9:表示除了某人或者某物之外的介词besides, except

  Besides是包括后面提到的人或物在内的“除……以外”如

  Thirty students went to the cinema besides him.

  He is interested in tennis besides football.

  Except 是指不包括后面所提到的人或物在内的除去,

  如:Everyone is excited except me.

  All the visitors are Japanese except him.

  注意except通常和表示全体的all和every连用,如果与other连用,只能用Besides.

  如:He had other people to take care of besides me.

  Except 是排除同类,except for是排除非同类。如:The composition is very good except for a few spelling mistakes.

  以上内容由智课小编为大家整理的关于“SAT语法关于介词的知识点”,希望可以帮助到大家,小编在此预祝大家在考试中取得好成绩!

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