1. Rhetorical Emphasis
例子：Were the original documents provided? No. Were uncensored copies provided? No. Was any reasonableeffort made to share key information about the contents of the documents? No. Each and every request for additional information was totally and completely ignored.
例子：In the shadow of scrap-heaps piled high with the discarded luxuries of the world’s richest economies, there live and work some of the poorest people in the developing world.
定义：In addition to using devices like metaphors and similes, the speaker or author in a Historical passage might employ analogies to compare the relationships between different sorts of things. Unlike metaphors and similes, however, analogies are often used to imply that if the things being compared are alike in some ways, they may also be alike in other ways. Analogies can also be used to make complex ideas easier to understand.
例子：The government is like a pair of work boots: it protects us from injury and discomfort, but only if it is properly fitted. A pair of work boots which is too large or too small may do more harm than goo, and had better be replaced.