剑四 TEST 1
The table below shows the proportion of different categories of families living in poverty in Australia in 1999.
Proportion of people from each household type living in poverty 6% (54,000) 4%(48,000) 19%(359,000) 7%(211,000) 21%(232,000) 12%(933,000) 11%(1,837,000)
Single aged person Aged couple Single, no children Couple, no children Sole parent couple, with children All household
Test 2 Compare the advantages and disadvantages of three of the following as media for communicating information. State which you consider to be the most effective. Comics, Books Radio Television Film theater The table gives a breakdown of the different types of family who were living in poverty in Australia in 1999. On average, 11% of all households,comprising almost two million people, were in this position. However, those consisting of only one parent or a single adult had almost double this proportion of poor people, with 21% and 19% respectively. Couples generally tended to be better off, with lower poverty levels for couples without children(7%) than those with children(12%). It is noticeable that for both types of household with children, a higher than average proportion were living in poverty at this time.
Older people were generally less likely to be poor, though once again the trend favoured elderly couples(only 4%) rather than single elderly people(6%). Overall the table suggests that households of single adults and those with children were more likely to be living in poverty than those consisting of couples. TEST 2 The graph below shows the demand for electricity in england during typical days in winter and summer. The pie chart shows how electricity is used in an average English home.
Task 2 Happiness is considered very important in life. Why it is difficult to define? What factors are important in achieving happiness? Happiness is very difficult do define, because it means so many different things to different people. While some people link happiness to wealth and material success, others think it lies in emotions and loving personal relationships. Yet others think that spiritual paths, rather than either the material world or relationships with people, are the only way to true happiness. 59
Because people interpret happiness for themselves in so many different ways, it is difficult to give any definition that is true for everyone. However, if there are different kinds of happiness for different individuals then the first step in achieving it would be to have a degree of self-knowledge. A person needs to know who he or she is before being able to know what it is that makes him or her happy. 73 Of course, factors such as loving relationships, good health, the skills to earn a living and a peaceful environment all contribute to our happiness too. But this does not mean that people without these conditions cannot be happy. 38 Overall, I think an ability to keep clear perspectives in life is a more essential factor in achieving happiness. By that I mean an ability to have a clear sense of what is important in our lives (the welfare of our families, the quality of our relationships, making other people happy, etc.) and what is not (a problem at work, getting annoyed about trivial things, etc.). 66 Like self-awareness, this is also very difficult to achieve, but I think these are the two factors that may be the most important for achieving happiness. 26 TEST 3 You should spend about 20 minutes on this task. The chart below shows the different levels of post-school qualifications in Australia and the proportion of men and women who held them in 1999.