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  Question 24

  答案:five years

  关键词:just under 30%

  定位原文:E段“In addition, 28% of respondents that did not have meeting facilities stated that they were likely to invest in them during the next five years.”

  解题思路:这个题目的关键词是just under 30%,可以理解为“接近30%”,因为28%最接近30%,所以直接定位到E段中In addition, 28% of respondents that did not have meeting facilities stated that they were likely to invest in them during the next five years,题目中的plan to provide是对were to invest in(be to do sth. 计划做某事)的同义改写,within 是对during的同义改写,在这里都有“在…期间”的意思,所以正确答案是five years。

  Question 25

  答案:local (people)

  关键词:main users

  定位原文:F段第3句“Their findings show that meeting facilities provided by the majority of respondents tend to serve local versus non-local or foreign needs.”

  解题思路:题目中的main users就是对这句话中the majority of respondents 的同义改写。在理解这句话中tend to serve A versus B的时候,可以直接理解成“服务的受众更多是A而不是B”,所以这道题目的正确答案就是local。

  Question 26

  答案:flights

  关键词:16%

  定位原文:F段最后一句话“16% of respondents estimated that none of the users of their meeting facilities use flights ...”

  解题思路:这个题目的关键词是16%, 根据这个关键词直接定位到F段的最后一句话,题目中的users did not take any是对这句话的none of the users use 的同义改写,所以这句话的正确答案就是flights。estimate,估计;flight,航班。

  Question 27

  答案:C

  关键词:first paragraph

  定位原文:第1段

  解题思路:文章的第一段,作者说的是This may seem a pointless question today,并没有具体地说出question的内容是什么,所以要继续往后看,定位到段落的最后一句,从最后一句可知,从照片这个东西的出现到广为人知,是经历了很长一段时间的。对照所有选项,只有C选项准确地诠释了这个问题。

  Question 28

  答案:D

  关键词:French and the English

  定位原文:第3段最后1句“… In both countries, public interest in this topic was a reflection of the belief that national stature and achievement in the arts were related”

  解题思路:根据关键词定位到第3段,第三段最后一句说“在两个国家,公众对于这个话题的兴趣反映了人们相信国家声望和艺术成就是息息相关的”,对照所有选项,只有D选项符号,所以答案选D。

  Question 29

  答案:D

  关键词:the handwriting on the wall

  定位原文:“Many portrait … represented the ‘handwriting on the wall’ became involved with daguerreotyping or paper photography in an effort to save their careers”

  解题思路:根据关键词定位,这句话是说这些画家们转而做纸摄影的目的是要拯救他们的事业(save their careers), 对照各个选项,只有D选项a signal that something bad will happen(感觉事情不妙)符合这句话的逻辑,因为意识到摄影的出现会威胁到现有的事业,所以画家们开始涉及纸摄影。

  Question 30

  答案:A

  关键词:result/widespread/middle classes

  定位原文:最后一段最后一句 “This appeal to the middle class convinced… that was consistent with the defining characteristics of art.”

  解题思路:根据这些关键词,在速读各段首句的基础上,定位到最后一段的第一句的后半部分,这句话的关键词是result, widespread和middle classes,在速读各段首句的基础上,定位到最后一段,为了找到题目所问的the result,也就是这种现象导致的结果,需要继续定位到这段的最后一句,这句话实际上是对于相机照片价值的贬低,也就是认为中产阶级的审美品味在降低,对照选项,只有A选项是对这句话的概括叙述。

  Question 31

  答案:E

  关键词:Camera Art

  定位原文:第3段第1句“From the maze of conflicting statements and heated articles on the subject, three main positions about the potential of camera art emerged.”

  解题思路:根据这段小结的标题Camera Art,可以通过速读段首定位到第三段。这段第一句话说“在迷宫般的充满矛盾的论点和充满争论的文章中,相机潜力的三个主要观点浮出了水面”。在题目中,three clear views 是对这句话three main positions的同义改写,future是对第potential的同义改写,opinions是对statements的同义改写,所以填空处的词需要是conflicting的同义词或近义词,对照选项,mixed(混合的,混杂的)是与conflicting最相近的形容词,故选E

  Question 32

  答案:G

  关键词:Camera Art

  定位原文:第3段第2句“The simplest, entertained by many painters and a section of the public, … by physical and chemical phenomena instead of by human hand and spirit.”

  解题思路:在题目中,a large number of artists and ordinary people是对many painters and a section of the public的同义改写,saw…as是对be considered 的同义改写;the way they were produced 是对they were made with引导的后半句话的同义改写,也就是说,填空处应该接近“不被视作艺术”的意思 ,对照选项只有G选项inferior是最能反应出的选项,inferior to的意思是“不如,不及”。

  Question 33

  答案: A

  关键词:Camera Art

  定位原文:第3段第3句“The second widely held view, ... was that photographs would be useful to art but should not be considered equal in creativeness to drawing and painting.”

  解题思路:在题目中,popular view是对widely held view的同义改写,being less是对should not be considered equal in 的同义改写,所以填空处应该是creative(有创意的)的同义词或近义词,对照选项,只有inventive(发明的,有创造力的)是最符合的词汇,故A正确。

  Question 34

  答案:C

  关键词:Camera Art

  定位原文:第3段最后一句话“Lastly, ... a fair number of individuals realized that camera images were or could be as significant as handmade works of art and that they might have a positive influence on the arts and on culture in general.”

  解题思路:在题目中,impact 是对influence的同义改写,on art and society是对on the arts and on culture in general的同义改写,所以填空处应该是positive(积极的)的同义词或近义词,对照选项,只有beneficial(有利的,有益的)和positive意思最接近,故选C。

  Question 35

  答案:B

  关键词:photography/realistic

  定位原文:第5段

  解题思路:这类型题目最好的做题方式是根据人名去定位。题干意思是“他声称摄影会使绘画更加逼真”,根据以下各个人名的定位,我们可以知道B选项的Francis Wey的观点“The latter, … suggested that they [camera images] would lead to greater naturalness in the graphic depiction of anatomy, clothing, likeness, expression, and landscape.”一致,所以答案是B。

  Question 36

  答案:E

  关键词:limitations/ deceptions

  定位原文:第8段

  解题思路:题干意思是“他强调了相机的局限性和的欺骗性”,根据以下各个人名的定位,我们可以知道第8段“...a more stringent viewpoint led critic Philip Gilbert Hamerton to dismiss camera images as 'narrow in range, emphatic in assertion, telling one truth for ten falsehoods'.”观点与之符合,所以答案选E。

  Question 37

  答案:A

  关键词:artwork/ photographing

  定位原文:第4段

  解题思路:题干意思是“他通过摄影作品记录了他的艺术品的制作”,根据人名定位,我们可以知道第4段中“Jean-Auguste-Dominique Ingres, … make a record of their own output and…”,即“Jean-Auguste几乎是马上就开始使用摄影术来记录他们自己的作品”内容与之符合,所以这里答案应该是A选项。

  Question 38

  答案:D

  关键词:potential/ artistic talent

  定位原文:第7段

  解题思路:题干意思“他提到,摄影的潜力能丰富艺术家的才华”,第7段中“Eugene Delacroix… Delacroix's enthusiasm… noting that if photographs were used as they should be, an artist might 'raise himself to heights that we do not yet know'.”,题目中的enrich artistic talent是对原文中an artist might 'raise himself to heights that we do not yet know'的同义改写,所以这里答案是D。

  Question 39

  答案:A

  关键词:scenes

  定位原文:第4段

  解题思路:题干意思是“他根据照片上的一些场景来作画”,根据人名定位,我们可以知道第4段中“…to provide them with source material for poses and backgrounds”的这句话正好与题干是同义转述,scenes是对poses and backgrounds的概括表达,所以这里答案是A。

  Question 40

  答案:C

  关键词:greater mechanisation

  定位原文:第6段

  解题思路:第六段中“For this critic, photography was linked with 'the great industrial madness' of the time ...”,我们可以知道这句话正是题干要表达的意思,“他觉得摄影是走向更高程度的机械化的趋势的一部分”,这里对应的答案应该是C选项。

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