雅思OGtest3阅读passage3本套阅读练习的第一题为YES,1段第1句的前半部分“We spend a large part of our daily life talking with other people...” 是重要答题关键句,下面来看雅思OGtest3阅读passage3原文题目及答案解析【附译文】全部内容。

  Question 27

  答案:YES

  关键词:Conversation occupies much of our time

  定位原文:第1段第1句的前半部分“We spend a large part of our daily life talking with other people...”

  解题思路:题目句子就是对这部分的同义改写,不同的地方是题目中句子的主语是conversation,原文的句子中的主语是We,但两句所表达的意思都是“和别人说话是很花时间的”,所以这道题的正确答案是YES。

  Question 28

  答案:YES

  关键词:assess information/understand it

  定位原文:第2段第2-3句“Research has shown that processing fluency - the ease with which people process information – influences people’s judgments across a broad range of social dimensions. For instance, people feel that when something is easily processed, it is more true or accurate.”

  解题思路:定位到第二段第二、三句。“研究表明,信息加工的顺畅程度——即人们处理信息的难易程度——在广泛的社会层面影响人们对信息的判断。例如,人们认为,容易处理的信息,是更真实或更准确的)。题目中的assess information是对people’s judgments (人们的评价)的同义改写, how readily they can understand it是对processing fluency—the ease with people process information的同义改写。For instance 引导的句子例证了这个研究结果,即人们更能认同容易理解的信息,所以这道题的正确答案是YES。

  Question 29

  答案:NO

  关键词:a quick response to a question

  定位原文:第二段最后一句话的前半部分“Research indicates that a speaker is judged to be more knowledgeable when they answer questions instantly.”

  解题思路:根据题目关键词定位到第二段最后一句话的前半部分,“研究表明,当一个演讲者能立即回答问题时,他被认为是更知识渊博的”。a quick response to a question是对answer questions instantly的同义改写,而a lack of knowledge与knowledgeable意思相反,所以这道题的正确答案是NO。

  Question 30

  答案:NOT GIVEN

  关键词:video observations

  定位原文:第6段第4句“This idea was tested by researchers using video observations.”

  解题思路:根据题目关键词定位到第六段第四句。“这个观点被研究者们用视频观察法测试过”。这句话中的this idea指的是上文的“as long as their conversations run smoothly, their interaction partners probably agree with them”,注意这段中仅仅描述了一个视频观察的实验,这样的实验观察法是否经常(often)被用来评估conversational flow(会话流),在段落中并未被提及,所以这道题的正确答案是NOT GIVEN。

  Question 31

  答案:NOT GIVEN

  关键词:talk less

  定位原文:最后一段第2句“people who do not talk very easily maybe incorrectly understood as being less agreeable than those who have no difficulty keeping up a conversation.”

  解题思路:根据题目关键词定位到最后一段第二句。“相比起那些对话起来滔滔不绝的人,那些不爱说话的人,可能会被错误地认为是有更多不同意见的人”。talk less是对do not talk very easily的同义改写。定位句所表述的对比结果是话少的人less agreeable,而不是题目所说的have clearer ideas,所以这道题的正确答案是NOT GIVEN。

  Question 32

  答案:NO

  关键词:online chat

  定位原文:最后一段倒数第二句“In a similar sense, the ever-increasing number of online conversations may be disrupted by misinterpretations and anxiety that are produced by insuperable delays in the Internet connection.”

  解题思路:根据题目关键词定位到最后一段倒数第二句。online chat 是对online conversations的同义改写。题目句子所表达的核心意思是“网络聊天没有消极影响(fail to have可以直接理解成‘没有’)”,而定位句的意思是网络聊天会令人遭遇负面情绪,所以两句话表达的意思是相反的,此题的正确答案是NO。

  Question 33

  答案:(their) behavio(u)r/activities

  关键词:synchrony/co-ordinate

  定位原文:第3段的第2句“Many studies have shown how people attempt to synchronize with their partners, by coordinating their behavior.”

  解题思路:通过标题synchrony定位到第三段,根据题目的关键词co-ordinate定位到第三段的第二句,in an effort to是对attempt to的同义改写,都有“试图做某事”之意;synchronize,同步进行;coordinate,协调,协同。所以这里答案是“(their) behavio(u)r/activities”。

  Question 34

  答案:turn-taking

  关键词:alter/speed /extent of their speech

  定位原文:第4段第1句“,…people adjust the duration of their utterances and their speech rate to one another so that they can enable turn-taking to occur…”

  解题思路:根据题目句子中的的关键词定位到第四段第一句。alter the speed and extent of their speech是对adjust the duration and speech rate的同义改写,in order to 是对so that的同义改写,facilitate是对enable的同义改写。所以这里答案是“turn-taking”。

  Question 35

  答案:interruptions

  关键词:tiny pauses/conversation/flows

  定位原文:第4段第3句“A lack of flow is characterized by interruptions, simultaneous speech or mutual silences.”

  解题思路:题目作答的重点是后半句,题目的前半句是对第四段第二句的同义改写,题目的后半句需要定位到到第四段第三句。A lack of flow是对when it doesn’t 的同义改写;talk at the same time是对simultaneous speech的同义改写。millisecond,毫秒;simultaneous,同时的; mutual,共同的,相互的。

  Question 36

  答案:belong

  关键词:desire/conversation flow

  定位原文:第5段的段首句“The need to belong has been identified as one of the most basic of human motivations…”

  解题思路:这句话是小结第二段的段首句,也就是代表新话题的出现,在阅读原文中的体现就是新一段的展开。题目句子的主旨意思是“会话流能够满足的另外一个人类需求”,定位到第五段的段首句,另外一个人类需求就是归属感(the need to belong)。desire是对need的同义改写,二者都有“需求”之意。

  Question 37

  答案:distress levels

  关键词:silences/brief

  定位原文:第5段第4句“research shows that even short disruptions in conversational flow can lead to a sharp rise in distress levels.”

  解题思路:根据题目的关键部分是if silences are brief,定位到第五段第三句,题目填空处所需要的是对这个问题的回答,所以继续定位到第四句,即答案出现的部分。“研究表明,在会话流中,即使是短暂的中断,也能导致苦恼程度的急速上升”。increase是对a sharp rise的同义改写。

  Question 38

  答案:rejection

  关键词:part/a group/sense

  定位原文:第5段倒数第二句“Group membership is of elementary importance to our wellbeing and because humans are very sensitive to signals of exclusion, a silence is generally taken as a sign of rejection.”

  解题思路:根据题目的关键部分to be part of a group,定位到第五段倒数第二句。Group membership是对to be part of a group的同义改写,“群体成员资格对我们的健康非常重要,因为人类对于排外的信号非常敏感,缄默通常被当作是拒绝的标志”。a basic need是对of elementary importance的同义改写,is taken as(被认为是,被理解成) 是对experience的同义改写。

  Question 39

  答案:agreement

  关键词:experiment/tested using video

  定位原文:第6段第4句“This idea was tested by researchers using video observations.”

  解题思路:根据关键词定位到第六段第四句“这个观点被研究者们用视频观察法测试过”。这句话中的this idea指的是上文的“by assuming that , as long as their conversations run smoothly, their interaction partners probably agree with them。所以,对话者们通过会话流的顺畅程度来进行判断的,是彼此之间是否意见一致,填空处应该填名词,所以正确答案是“agreement”。

  Question 40

  答案:content

  关键词:perceived synchrony

  定位原文:第6段最后一句话“It appears that the subjective feeling of being out of sync informs people of possible disagreements, regardless of the content of the conversation.”

  解题思路:根据题目关键词perceived synchrony 定位到第六段最后一句话。这句话的逻辑关系是,相比于谈话内容本身来说,人们更重视一个对话所表现出来的协同感,所以less important的是内容(content)。perceived 是对subjective feeling的同义改写。所以答案是“content”。

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