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  SECTION 3 Questions 21-30

  Questions 21 and 22

  Choose TWO letters, A-E.

  Which TWO characteristics were shared by the subjects of Joanna’s psychology study?

  A They had all won prizes for their music.

  B They had all made music recordings.

  C They were all under 27 years old.

  D They had all toured internationally.

  E They all played a string instrument.

  Questions 23 and 24

  Choose TWO letters, A-E.

  Which TWO points does Joanna make about her use of telephone interviews?

  A It meant rich data could be collected.

  B It allowed the involvement of top performers.

  C It led to a stressful atmosphere at times.

  D It meant interview times had to be limited.

  E It caused some technical problems.

  Questions 25 and 26

  Choose TWO letters, A-E.

  Which TWO topics did Joanna originally intend to investigate in her research?

  A regulations concerning concert dress

  B audience reactions to the dress of performers

  C changes in performer attitudes to concert dress

  D how choice of dress relates to performer roles

  E links between musical instrument and dress choice

  Questions 27-30

  Choose the correct letter, A, B or C.

  27 Joanna concentrated on women performers because

  A women are more influenced by fashion.

  B women’s dress has led to more controversy.

  C women’s code of dress is less strict than men’s.

  28 Mike Frost’s article suggests that in popular music, women’s dress is affected by

  A their wish to be taken seriously.

  B their tendency to copy each other.

  C their reaction to the masculine nature of the music.

  29 What did Joanna’s subjects say about the audience at a performance?

  A The musicians’ choice of clothing is linked to respect for the audience.

  B The clothing should not distract the audience from the music.

  C The audience should make the effort to dress appropriately.

  30 According to the speakers, musicians could learn from sports scientists about

  A the importance of clothing for physical freedom.

  B the part played by clothing in improving performance.

  C the way clothing may protect against physical injury.

  SECTION 4 Questions 31-40

  Complete the notes below.

  Write ONE WORD ONLY for each answer.

  The use of soil to reduce carbon dioxide (CO2) in the atmosphere

  Rattan Lal:

  Claims that 13% of CO2 in the atmosphere could be absorbed by agricultural soils

  Erosion is more likely in soil that is 31 __________

  Lal found soil in Africa that was very 32 __________

  It was suggested that carbon from soil was entering the atmosphere

  Soil and carbon:

  plants turn CO2 from the air into carbon-based substances such as 33 __________

  some CO2 moves from the 34 __________ of plants to microbes in the soil

  carbon was lost from the soil when agriculture was invented

  Regenerative agriculture:

  uses established practices to make sure soil remains fertile and 35 __________

  e.g. through year-round planting and increasing the 36 __________ of plants that are grown

  California study:

  taking place on a big 37 __________ farm

  uses compost made from waste from agriculture and 38 __________

  Australia study:

  aims to increase soil carbon by using 39 __________ that are always green

  Future developments may include:

  reducing the amount of fertilizer used in farming

  giving farmers 40 __________ for carbon storage, as well as their produce

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