雅思OGtest5阅读passage1原文题目及答案解析【附译文】!雅思OGtest5阅读passage1第一题正确答案为vi,本篇阅读对应的练习解题思路及参考答案,详见雅思OGtest5阅读passage1原文题目及答案解析【附译文】正文介绍。

  Question 1

  答案:vi

  关键词:无

  定位原文:A段

  解题思路:首先略读段落前3句和段尾句,A段的第1句话点明主旨, the school’s principal decided to try something extreme by Finnish standards。尝试的原因是A段第2句话,One of his … was falling behind(有一个移民学生成绩落后); 尝试的结果是段尾句,By the end of the year, … in fact, learn(到了学年末,他征服了接受他的移民国家的元音丰富的语言,使学习成为现实)。对照选项,vi选项An approach that helped a young learner(一种帮助年轻学习者学习的方法)是对这段段意的概括。

  Question 2

  答案:vii

  关键词:无

  定位原文:B段

  解题思路:首先略读段落前3句和段尾句,B段的第1句话点明主旨,This tale of a single rescued child hints at some of the reasons for Finland’s amazing record of education success(这个孩子的成功个案暗示了芬兰惊人的教育成功记录的一些原因)。在B段接下来的叙述里,作者用芬兰不同年份的PISA分数作为支持性的数据,说明了芬兰教育的卓越表现。对照选项,vii选项的Statistical proof of education success(教育成功的统计证明)可以准确地概括这段的大意。

  Question 3

  答案:i

  关键词:无

  定位原文:C段

  解题思路:首先略读段落前3句和段尾句,C段的第1句话点明主旨,In the United States, government officials have attempted to improve standards by introducing market place competition into public schools(在美国,政府官员将市场竞争理念引入公立学校,试图提高标准)。C段接下来的叙述里,是对这种理念的展开解释。对照选项,i选项A business-model approach to education(一种商业模式的教育方法)是对C段段落大意的正确概括。

  Question 4

  答案:iv

  关键词:无

  定位原文:D段

  解题思路:首先略读段落前3句和段尾句,前3句说的是教育在芬兰的特点,There are no … Finland's schools are publicly funded(芬兰没有强制标准化考试。学生、学校或地区之间没有竞争。芬兰的学校是被公众资助的)。段尾句所说的芬兰教育特点所产生的公平结果,The result is that … or a university town(结果是,每个芬兰的孩子都有机会获得相同质量的教育,无论他或她住在农村或大学城)。对照选项,iv选项Ways in which equality is maintained in the Finnish education system(在芬兰教育体系中保持平等的方式)是对D段大意的正确概括。

  Question 5

  答案:viii

  关键词:无

  定位原文:E段

  解题思路:E段较短,建议通过略读全段确定段落大意。E段的叙述都是关于学校和政府对于学生和家庭的各方面的支持。比如, Finland provides three years of maternity leave and subsidized day care to parents(芬兰提供三年产假,补贴照顾孩子的父母); the state subsidizes parents,… until he or she turns 17(国家资助父母,向他们支付每月每个孩子150欧元左右,直到孩子17岁);Health care is even free for students taking degree courses(对于上学位课程的学生,医保是免费的)。对照选项,viii选项Support for families working and living in Finland(芬兰对于家庭的工作和生活上的支持)是对这段段落大意的正确概括。

  Question 6

  答案:ii

  关键词:无

  定位原文:F段

  解题思路:首先略读段落前3句和段尾句,F段的前3句话点明主旨,Finland’s … and out of recession(芬兰的学校并不总是一个奇迹。二十世纪的上半个世纪,只有拥有特权的人得到了优质教育。但在1963年,芬兰议会做出了大胆的决定,选择公共教育作为推动经济向前和走出衰退的最佳手段)。对照选项,ii选项The reforms that improved education in Finland(芬兰用于改进教育的改革)是对段落主旨的的准确概括。

  Question 7

  答案:science

  关键词:PISA test/most recent/top subject

  定位原文:B段末句“In the latest PISA scores, the nation came second in science, third in reading and sixth in math among nearly half a million students worldwide”

  解题思路:利用关键词PISA tests定位到B段,再利用关键词most recent和top subject定位到B段段尾句,“在最近的PISA测试中,在将近一半的一百万世界各地的学生中,芬兰科学排名第二,阅读第三,数学第六”。the most recent是对the latest的同义改写;top subject要从这几个科目里选择排名最靠前的,即science。

  Question 8

  答案:economy

  关键词:1963

  定位原文:F段第2句“But In 1963, the Finnish Parliament made the bold decision to choose public education as the best means of driving the economy forward and out of recession.”

  解题思路:利用关键词1963定位到F段第2句,“但在1963年,芬兰议会做出了大胆的决定,选择公共教育作为推动经济向前和走出经济不景气的最佳手段”。improve Finland’s economy是对driving the economy forward的同义改写。

  Question 9

  答案:guidelines

  关键词:teachers

  定位原文:F段第5句“Teachers from all over the nation contributed to a national curriculum that provided guidelines, not prescriptions, for them to refer to.”

  解题思路:利用关键词teachers继续定位到F段第5句。“来自全国各地的教师为国家课程提供了指南,而不是处方,供他们参考”。created partly是对contributed to的同义改写;followed是对 refer to 的同义改写,所以正确答案是guidelines。

  Question 10

  答案:language

  关键词:additional

  定位原文:F段第6句“Besides Finnish and Swedish (the country's second official language), children started learning a third language (English is a favorite) usually beginning at age nine.”

  解题思路:利用关键词additional定位到F段第6句。“除了芬兰语和瑞典语(该国的第二官方语言),孩子们通常在九岁开始学习第三种语言(英语最受欢迎)”。young pupils是对children的同义改写;an additional是对a third的同义改写。

  Question 11

  答案:equipment/ resources

  关键词:all teachers/the same

  定位原文:F段第7句“The equal distribution of equipment was next, meaning that all teachers had their fair share of teaching resources to aid learning”

  解题思路:利用关键词all teachers和the same定位到F段第7句,“下一步是设备的平等分配,意味着所有的教师都有自己的教学资源的公平份额,以辅助学习”。这里equipment和resources都可作正确答案,因为二者都是被公平分配给老师们的。

  Question 12

  答案:Master’s degree/ Masters degree

  关键词:did not have to pay

  定位原文:F段第9句“The second critical decision came in 1979, when it was required that every teacher gain a fifth-year Master's degree in theory and practice, paid for by the state.”

  解题思路:利用关键词定位到F段第9句。“第二个关键决定是在1979年,每一个老师都被要求获得一个理论实践专业的第五年硕士学位,由国家支付学费”。they did not have to pay for this是对paid for by the state的同义改写,get是对gain的同义改写。

  Question 13

  答案:respect/ status

  关键词:Applicants

  定位原文:F段倒数第2句“Applicants began flooding teaching programs, not because the salaries were so high but because autonomous decision- making and respect made the job desirable.”

  解题思路:利用关键词Applicants定位到F段倒数第2句。“申请者开始涌入教学项目,不是因为高工资,而是因为教师工作能够获得的自主决策权和尊重非常吸引人”。attracted是对desirable的同义改写。

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