定位原文：Secondly, rock art tells us about migration.
解题思路：Firstly it provides vital information about the way that people evolved提示下文即将谈论到第二点岩石艺术对于研究者非常重要的原因，定位到Secondly, rock art tells us about migration。important是对vital(至关重要的)的同义转述。evolve，进化;migration，迁移，移居。
定位原文：Then the eyes were almost always very prominent - very open and wide
解题思路：注意题目的提示小结Global similarities in rock art--岩石艺术的全球共性，当听到But what is rather amazing, you might think, is how similar some images are的时候，就要注意下面要具体分3点说世界上岩石艺术的共性了。提示句：When our ancestors drew humans, they would often draw them as stick figures, but …提示下句将讲到石画的特点，定位到then the eyes were almost always very prominent - very open and wide。large是对prominent(突出的，突起的), open and wide的同义转述。
定位原文：…but one animal which is very interesting to researchers is the lizard, because whenever you see a prehistoric painting of one - it's depicted either in profile or looking down on it from above.
解题思路：Animals are very common in rock art，提示下文将谈到有特别画法的动物，定位到but one animal which is very interesting to researchers is the lizard, … or looking down on it from above。注意这里lizard(蜥蜴)的动物名称在位置词in profile(从侧面看)和from above(从上方看)之前就出现了，听到就马上写下来，直到听完整个句子，就能确定正确答案是lizard。from the side是对in profile的同义转述，从侧面;was drawn是对it’s depicted的同义转述，“被画，被描绘”。prehistoric，史前的。
定位原文：In the past archaeologists believed that trade must have brought people together, and that it gave them the opportunity to observe each other's culture, including art styles, but this didn't prove to be the case
解题思路：But how can this be the case - that similar artistic styles exist in such distant locations? 提示下文将回答这个问题。定位到In the past archaeologists … to be the case。注意这几句话前后的转折结构。这几句话的大意是，“在过去，考古学家认为贸易使人们聚集在一起，这使他们有机会观察彼此的文化，包括艺术风格，但事实上并非如此”。unlikely(不可能的，未必发生的)就是对于but this didn’t prove to be the case的同义转述。 所以听到trade后先马上写下来，在听完完整地叙述之后，根据上下文的逻辑关系，确定trade(贸易)就是正确答案。archaeologist，考古学家;bring …together，把…聚在一起。
定位原文：They believe that the brains of our ancestors evolved to notice certain images before others and this was important - actually essential because in an environment full of constant danger, it was necessary for survival.
解题思路：注意题目的提示小结Research suggests rock art was produced，研究表明岩石艺术的制作…，当听到Recently researchers have come up with a new theory(题目的提示小结是对这句话的同义转述)，就要注意听下面即将解释的制造岩石艺术的原因了。提示句：They believe that the brains… full of constant danger, 这句话是制造岩石艺术的背景解释，大意是“研究者认为，我们的祖先的大脑经过进化，在看到别的东西之前，能够先注意到图像，这很重要—实际上这是在一个充满危险的环境中是必不可少的”，定位到下一句it was necessary for survival，即生存原因。Ancestor，祖先;essential，必要的，基本的;come up with，想出，得出(结论，想法)。
定位原文：Later on, there would have been other reasons why communities produced art - certainly for spiritual and social purposes and no doubt for political ones, too.
解题思路：Later on, there would have been other reasons why communities produced art - certainly for spiritual and social purposes…提示下文即将提到除social和spiritual两个原因之外的第三个原因。定位到and no doubt for political ones, too。reasons是对purposes的同义转述。
答案：ships; horses(IN EITHER ORDER)
定位原文：For example, the Aborigines began to draw ships which they would have seen along the coast…Another image that is evidence of European arrival is that of horses: an animal that would have been very alien to the Australian landscape.
解题思路：the Aborigines were still practising this art form in the late 18th century, when the Europeans began to arrive, and certain images point to the contact between them，提示下文即将谈论到原住民画的关于他们与欧洲产生联系的岩石画。定位到For example, the Aborigines began to … the Australian landscape。aborigine，aboriginal都是“原住民”的意思;alien，在这里是“陌生的，异域的”意思;landscape，(陆上，尤指乡村的)风景，景色;coast，海岸。
答案：industry; tourism(IN EITHER ORDER)
定位原文：Since the 1960s, industry alone has destroyed around an estimated 10,000 pieces of art… Vandalism is sadly another factor… I'm afraid that tourism is another reason why the art is disappearing.
解题思路：but unfortunately we do know that much of the art is being lost to us…but human activity is also increasingly responsible，main threats是对being lost to us(…正在离开我们)的同义转述，提示下文将谈到具体都是哪些威胁。定位到Since the 1960s, industry alone has destroyed around an estimated 10,000 pieces of art… Vandalism is sadly another factor… I'm afraid that tourism is another reason why the art is disappearing。threats, 威胁;unfortunately，不幸的;increasingly，日益，格外;responsible，有责任的;industry，工业;destroy，破坏;estimated，大约;vandalism，人为破坏;disappear，消失。