中国考生雅思写作分数为什么一直不高?其中最主要的一个原因就是逻辑问题,很多中国考生在雅思写作中常犯一些低级的逻辑错误,也有部分考生文章整体的语言和语法都还不错,但是逻辑结构不是很严密,因而拿不到高分,那么中国考生常犯的雅思写作逻辑错误有哪些呢?
  作为普通的“烤鸭”来说,又应该如何在有限的备考时间内锻炼基本思维和逻辑呢?
  首先,了解基本逻辑,避免常见错误。
  其次,关注社会现象,积累基本常识。
  最后,浏览往年考题,多做提纲训练。
  了解基本逻辑,避免常见错误
  要了解基本逻辑错误一定不能错过一篇英文小品文Love Is A Fallacy(作者Max Shulman),这里仅列举出十种最常见的逻辑错误。
  1.草率前提 (Dicto Simpliciter)
  例如:Women are on average not as strong as men and less able to perform well politically. Therefore, women can't pull their weight in government work.
  点评:虽然女性确实在政界担任较少工作,但这不意味着女性群体中所有的人都是这样。
  2.过度概化 (Hasty Generalization)
  例如:McDonald's and KFC offer foods with little nutrition, and thus we cannot expect any fast food restaurant to provide us with nutritious foods.
  点评:两个个例不足以推出一个真理。
  3.因果颠倒 (Post Hoc)
  例如:Most young criminals watch violent movies before they commit their crimes; obviously, violent movies lead to juvenile delinquency.
  点评:甲事情发生在乙事情之前,这并不代表着先发生的甲事情就是后发生的乙事情的原因。
  4.矛盾前提 (Contradictory Premises)
  例如:If God can do everything, can he make a stone so heavy that he can't carry?
  点评:前提条件中就有相互矛盾的地方,结论当然是错误的。
  5.感性论证 (Ad Misericordiam)
  例如:Think of all the poor, starving African children! How could rich countries be so cruel as not to help them?
  点评:抒情是不能当作论证的。
  6.错误类比 (False Analogy)
  例如:Young children are like flowers---flowers should stay away from terrible weather to grow, so children need to get rid of everything negative.
  点评:孩子和花朵的区别太大。成长的过程也太复杂。最好不要用这两者来类比。
  7.虚假假设 (Hypothesis Contrary to Fact)
  例如:If TV were not invented, today people would never have such wonderful entertainment brought by TV.
  点评:因为电视已经被发明了,对于过去的否定假设后所得出的结论都是逻辑上的错误结论。
  8.无关转移 (Red Herring)
  例如:Many people say we need to exploit the outer space, a point which I believe is wrong, because there are so many poor people on Earth who hardly make ends meet.
  点评:有一个问题没解决并不代表着另一个问题不值得解决。
  9.从众错误 (Bandwagon)
  例如:Everyone says it is justified to learn a second language so we must learn one.
  点评:人人都说,或者大多数都说,这并不意味着该观点正确。
  10.滑坡谬误 (Slippery slope)
  例如:If we don't care about the environment, the world will die in 50 years.
  点评:从环境问题到世界灭亡,中间有无数环节未提供论证。
  以上就小编总结的10类常见的雅思写作逻辑错误,如果雅思写作想要获得高分,那么上面提到的这些雅思写作逻辑错误就一定要避免,希望自己身还有这方面问题的考生对号入座,把这些雅思写作逻辑错误都一一改正。
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