雅思词汇中的听力基础词汇包括电话类、个人信息类、时间、数字、几何、交通、娱乐休闲、调研方法、建筑、地理、动植物、人群、学术和校园生活等13类,这里智课网为烤鸭们整理了各类听力基础词汇,大家雅思词汇复习时,可以参考。

  一、Listening basics: call

  每次考试都会有电话号码的听写,尤其在section 1中,有很多场景都是以一男一女打电话的方式来进行的,以下这些词汇能帮助大家把握电话对话的脉络,清晰的辨明考点出现的时机。除了要清楚的了解外国人报电话号码时的节奏和停顿以外,还要对雅思考查比较少的点比如分机号、来电转移、漫游和付费方式等重点记忆,以防雅思考试向深化和细化的方向发展。

  Numbers:

  Home / work phone number, emergency number, contact number, hot line, information line, enquiry line, mobile phone number, cell phone number, toll free number, code number, extension number

  Call: phone, call, ring, give somebody a call, a ring, a telephone call, dial the number, press key, push key

  Telephone answering machine, operator, hold on, hang on

  Call services: call diversion, call roaming, local number, distance number, international call

  Cost: telephone rental, pay per minute, pay per hour, pay per month

  Examples: 0903775115, 99281444, 033835071

  二、Listening basics: personal details

  个人信息的考查每次都占到考题数目的5道甚至以上,是烤鸭们的必对得分题目,万万不可再错。习惯了名字由姓与名组成,但是还要注意middle name也是外国人名字构成的普遍特点;地址中路名的多种表达方式,street,drive,road,lane,boulevard,avenue;邮政编码;国籍用形容词形式等均为烤鸭的易错点。

  Names: surname, family name, middle name, first name, given name, maiden name

  Contact: phone number, cell phone number, mobile number

  Documents: C.V. reference, police record, ID documents

  Address, email address (pk2@cat.com, helpline@blackcat.com, mj@hennings.co.uk, ) website: www.studentlink.com www.rivertrip.com

  Post office box (PO box) postcode BG241DJ, RO62RL

  Age (above, over, under, below, upward, plus, downwards, minus)

  Nationality: China or Chinese? Spain or Spanish? Sweden or Swedish? Brazil or Brazilian? Britain or British? Holland or Dutch? Egypt or Egyptian?

  Level of English: elementary, intermediate, advanced

  Education: high school/secondary school, primary school, elementary school, undergraduate, postgraduate

  Examples: Maine , Mr. Hewitt , Jacobs, Gormley, 21A Eagle Road , 103 Fowler Road , Riverview, Parkview,Sandy's College, 84 Park Road, 24 River Lane#p#副标题#e#

  三、Listening basics: time

  雅思听写的时间均为12小时制,要注意有没有am,pm,如果没有,要自己添加。日期要注意每个月份的全拼和书写格式。建议对于日期的表达反应比较慢的学生,可以对着台历随便翻,手指随便指向哪一天就迅速用英文报出日期的方式进行练习,practice makes perfect!

  Dates: January, February, March, April, May, June, July, August, September, October, November, December;

  March 30th 1988 , 15th October 1978, 1st August

  Day: Monday, Tuesday, Wednesday, Thursday, Friday, Saturday, Sunday

  weekdays, weekends, during the week, the day after…

  Time: am (in the morning), pm (in the afternoon), o’clock, 11.30 am, 6.30pm, 10.45am, 7.30am 9 o’clock

  Century: in the early/mid/late 19th century

  四、Listening basics: mathematics

  Listening basics: money

  注意分数小数百分数以及货币的多种读法。例如:$ 3.50 可以读成,3 dollars and fifty cents, 3 point 5 dollars 以及 three fifty。25 有 quarter 的读法,50 有half 的读法,75% 有 3/4 的读法。

  Fraction: 1/2, 1/3, 1/4, 2/3, 3/4

  Percentage 50%

  Decimals: 0.8, 0.1

  Currency: pound, dollar, euro

  Currency signs: $ 3.50, £9.50 £89.99 $15, $ 50

  Local currency, foreign currency, exchange foreign currency

  Payment: cash, check, credit, credit card, bank transfer, Hire Purchase#p#副标题#e#

  五、Listening basics: geometry

  物体的规格形状也是雅思会听写到的点,偶尔来一个会给广大烤鸭们一个措手不及,因为长宽高深,长度单位,容积单位,几何图形的英文对应表达都是中国学生在英语学习中容易忽视的细节。

  Dimensions: length, width, depth, height (long, wide, deep, high)

  Length units (measurements): millimeter, centimeter, meter, kilometer, mile

  Capacity units: liter, cc = cubic centimeter

  Weight units: gram, kilogram, pound=Libra,

  Geometrical figures: triangle, rectangle (oblong), square, diamond, circle, line, dotted line, broken line, inverted, cone, cylinder, conical, cylindrical, cubic, pyramid

  Examples: width 140cm size 80cm×60cm

  六、Listening basics: transportation

  对于交通工具要进行细分,按照陆海空进行分析和整理。雅思剑桥7 test 1中的场景涵盖了很多以下的单词和考点。除此之外,提醒考生们还要注意的是交通工具与预定表格,个人信息以及旅游场景的融合。

  Public transportation: bus, train, express train, non-stop train, underground railway, metro, subway, tube

  Private transportation: car, bike, motorcycle, bicycle

  Travelling transportation: cab, taxi, shuttle, coach, minibus, full-sized, medium-sized coach, boat, ferry, steam boat, yacht, ship, canoe, caravan

  Air transportation: plane, airplane, aero plane, by air, flight, aviation

  Tickets: one-way, single, round, return

  Costs: first class, expensive, economy, cheap

  Others: carpool, commuting, ambulance#p#副标题#e#

  七、Listening basics: entertainment

  娱乐和放松的内容有很多,都跟个人的兴趣爱好有很大的关系。雅思的考点其实一直以来变化不大,只是会在现有考点的基础上进行细化和深入。例如:garden,museum,cinema这些考点已经变化为formal garden,royal/art museum,multi-screen cinema来进行考查了。

  Music: jazz, classical, pop, rock and roll, folk music, dance music, disco, tango, string music, organ music, keyboard music, orchestra, light music, restaurant background music

  Musical instruments: piano, flute, drum, guitar, violin, cello, cellist

  Cinema: documentary, comedy, tragedy, mime, romance, thrill, action, cartoon, sci-fi, historical, six-screen cinema

  Theatre: opera, production, sitting capacity, seats, circle/balcony, box, drama house, curtain, performer, performance, box office, auditorium, backstage, make-up

  八、Listening basics: research methodology/methods

  这一类单词所表达的内容理解起来并不难,但是由于国内的教育体系很少鼓励学生应用这样的研究调查方法,所以出国后具体操作起来会有很大的难度。好在很多学校都有这些方法的应用指导课,帮助不太熟悉这些方法的人了解其中的细节。建议烤鸭们在出国之前就应该通过网络等方式对这些方法的细节进行了解,尽最大可能降低在海外学习的不适应度,快速调整自己,跟上教师的授课和作业完成进度。

  Questionnaires: response rate (too low), representative, respondents, list of questions, expected results

  Interviews: interviewees, face-to-face talk, age group (children, adult, senior citizens), tape recorder, cassette recorder, laptop, notebook

  Fieldwork: field visit, field trip, field research, dos and don’ts, real life situation, write up report

  Laboratory: experiment, set-up situation, not real, subject, sample, equipment

  Observation: watch

  Case study: investigation, survey (telephone survey, postal survey)

  Experience: witness

  Statistics: data analysis

  Placement: a job, usually as part of a course of study, which gives you experience of a particular type of work

  Students working together to collect data: visit organizations, interview people, telephoning, taking photos, write up report, analyze data, collect samples, at random#p#副标题#e#

  九、listening basics: building

  租房子场景中此类词汇考察点极高。这就要求学生们不但要熟悉各种建筑物的特点,还要了解其一定的内部特征,材料材质,内部构造和布局等要点。一般房屋结构,图书馆结构,博物馆结构,校园建筑物布局等都是雅思曾经关注过的要点。

  building types: block, main building, wings, annexes, extension building, high-rise, complex, construction

  structure: entrance hall, foyer, lobby, first floor, second floor, level one, level two, corridor, balcony

  Front door, side door, rear door, fire door, fire exit

  Lift, elevator, escalator, stairs

  Reception, enquiry, lounge, waiting room, restroom, toilet

  Walls, roof, ceiling, floor, basement, exterior walls, interior doors

  building materials: wood, timber, clay, earth, bricks, tiles, steel, glass, concrete, stone, black velvet, plastic, plaster board

  architecture: ventilation, aeration (air-conditioning, fans, windows), reinforced

  security: alarm system, double lock windows, video surveillance, security personnel, security officer, check ID, fire alarm, fire drill

  Original use and current use: conference centre, car park, transport museum, factory, prison/jail, workshop

  十、listening basics: geography

  地理这一类中的考察点略微有些专业,但是环保低碳俨然已经成为了全球瞩目的焦点,所以大家也都与时俱进吧。剑桥雅思真题集cam 5 test 2 section 4 中关于南极洲的一些描述和细节你还记得吗?机经中频繁出现的沼泽,湿地的保护场景有没有引起你的注意呢?

  terrain: plain, plateau, desert, mountain, hilly terrain, wetland, marshes, grass, pasture, ice shelf, cliffs

  water resource: fresh water, underground water, subterranean water, reservoir, dam water, pond water, river, lake, sea water (NB: evaporation),

  disasters: floods, drought, typhoon, hurricane, tornado, snow storm, thunderstorm, dust storm

  Atmosphere: nitrogen, hydrogen, oxygen, carbon monoxide, carbon dioxide, ozone

  Mining: iron ore, coal, petroleum, gas, gold, barren mine, minerals, deposit, mining equipment (grease torch, candle, flashlight, torch, helmet) miners from Scotland…

  Continents and oceans: Antarctica? Arctic?

  十一、listening basics: botany and zoology

  雅思听力对动植物的关注从未停止,鲨鱼,鲸鱼,海豚,海豹,昆虫,鳄鱼以及一些植物,甚至是有机农场都是曾经考查过的要点,在倡导环保的今天,如何保护濒临灭绝的动植物物种确实值得深思。

  plant: leaf (leaves), branch, stem, root, flower, bud, petals, seeds

  variety: pine tree, mangrove, fruit tree, passion fruit, strawberry, mulberry, lemon tree, coco tree, coffee beans, banana, cereals, wheat, barley, corn, maize, oat, spice, pepper, chili, ginger, eggplants, cherry tomato, snow peas, sunflower, lettuce

  planting methods: greenhouse, transplant, orchard, organic farming, additive-free

  Vegetation: trees, grass, lawn, bush

  Farming: altitude, height above sea level, weather, climate, land, soil, water, shade, sunshine

  Special applications:

  pepper (perfume, toothache, mood, money, display wealth by Romans)

  pine tree (torch, rope, flexibility, water pipes, chewing gum, medicines, bathroom oil)

  Botanist, herbalist

  Australian animals: kangaroo, koala

  Mammals: polar bear, squirrel, lion, sheep, elephant, cattle, goat, wolf, fox, puma, tiger, camels

  Cub, puppy, calf, lamb, breeding animals

  Birds: ostrich, kiwi, falcon, emu, flamingo, swan, goose

  Chicks, breeding birds

  Insects: bee, wasp, butterfly, dragonfly, firefly, ladybird

  Eggs, worms, butterfly (life cycle)

  Marine animals: whale, dolphin, shark, crocodile, finfish, shellfish, tortoise, tiger shark, sea cucumber, otter, sea urchin (tail, fins, scales, amphibian, gill, lung)

  Wildlife reserves: conservation, reserve, sanctuary, preservation, endangered animals, species, domesticated animals, distinction, distinct, die out, famine, drought, infectious disease#p#副标题#e#

  十二、Listening basics: categories of people

  不同年龄群组的人对事物有着不同的理解和喜好。老年人,成年人,青少年,孩子,男性,女性,员工,老板等人对于一些事情的看法和态度也是雅思探讨的一个方向。

  Age group:

  Senior citizens, elderly people, old age pensioner

  Adult, mature person, grownup

  Children, kids, teenager, youth, young people

  Work group: Employed, unemployed, retired, women

  Gender: Male or female

  Occupations: employer, employees, managers, staff, students

  十三、Listening basics: academic and student problems

  大部分烤鸭都要在国外进行学业的深造,所以有关学习和校园生活的单词肯定是重点,这些单词主要出现于雅思听力section 3中。

  Lecture: lecture hall, room, theater, lecturer, taking notes, attendance

  Tutorial: tutor, presentation, outline, reading list, objectives, whiteboard, OHP, PowerPoint, report writing, deadline, slides, visual aids

  Seminar: professor, presentation, skills, questions, workshops, discussion workshop, group discussion, computer lab/room/center, mustn’t read aloud, being asked question, well-organized

  Listening basics: education

  Primary school, elementary school (pupils)

  Secondary school, high school (school students)

  College, university, institute

  Undergraduate, bachelor’s degree, bachelor

  Postgraduate, master’s degree, master

  Certificates: degree, diploma, certificate

  Further education

  mature education, distance education, on-line education, vocational education

  Academic problems: essay deadlines, lecture attendance, how to use library, how to write dissertation

  Financial problems: scholarship, grant, fees, tuition, loan, debt, overdraft, budget

  Domestic problems: childcare, nursery

  Accommodation and catering

  以上智课网为烤鸭们整理了雅思词汇的听力基础词汇。考生可登录智课网论坛,免费下载更多雅思词汇热门备考资料。


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