毋庸置疑,多选题就是要求考生在作答时选择多个正确选项。而人们在阐述多个要点时往往会在重点出现前运用一些表示次序和补充的信号词如“第一点”“另外一方面”,这些词语就有可能是雅思听力多选题的关键点,下面智课网就为大家带来一些雅思听力多选题技巧,希望能对大家有所帮助。

  先给大家举一个次序词定位多选答案的例子。首先,常见的次序词有哪些呢,大家一定张嘴就来“firstly, secondly, thirdly…..lastly”, 不错,但是也不要忘记还有些“隐性”的次序词如“to start with” “the second point”还有“last but not least”此类。下面就以剑桥雅思4Test2Section4为例,题目如下:

  The oil tanker explosion was an example of a crime which

  A was no-one’s fault

  B was not a corporate crime

  C was intentional

  D was caused by indifference

  E had tragic results

  F made a large profit for the company

  题干当中的关键词不难找到,分别是”oil tanker explosion”和“crime”, 具体录音文本如下:

  There are two points(明确指出有两点) to do with corporate crime that I’d like to illustrate with reference to a special event which occurred several years ago. This was an explosion of a large oil tanker(关键词出现) which caused the loss of more than fifty lives of the crew…..(后面开始了对这次explosion冗长的叙述) It was an explosion which never should have happened and a subsequent inquiry laid the blame not on anyone who had actually been on the tanker at the time, but on the owner of the tanker. They had deliberately decided not to carry out necessary repair work on the tanker as it was due to be sold, and it was this lack of repair work which was directly responsible for the explosion.

  Now this illustrates two points(再次明确指出有两个点) to do with corporate crime. FIRST OF ALL(开始交待第一点),that itdoes not have to be intentional.(此时可以排除选项C)The owner of the tanker certainly did not intend it to explode…..(对于不是intentional冗长的解释). The main CRIME(关键词出现) here was indifference(此时第一个选项D出现) to the human results rather than actual intention to harm anyone.

  And this leads me to my SECOND POINT (次序词带出第二点)---- that corporate crime(关键词) can have very severe consequences.(severe:严重的,是对于tragic的替换,而consequence就是result,那么选项E脱颖而出)

  不过有的烤鸭会质疑,并不是所有的多选题多有这么强的顺序性啊。的确,但是至少半数的多选题在第二个和第三个答案出现前,都会有表示补充的信号词。其中最常见的是“and, also, then, as well as”,还有些较为隐性的补充词如another, the other等等。

  下面我们就来看一个例子:剑桥雅思5Test1Section3

  What TWO type of coursework are required each month on the part-time course?

  A a case study

  B an essay

  C a survey

  D a short report

  E a study diary

  关键词很好确定:“coursework” 和“each month”

  我们来看一下录音原文:

  What kind of coursework would I have to do?

  Well, it’s a mixture. You’d be expected to write an essay each month(第一个答案出现,并没有明显的信号词) , which counts towards you final assessment. You have a case study to do by the end of the course (此处不符合each month, 所以case study是迷惑选项), which might involve doing a survey or something like that. AND ALSO (表示补充的信号词带出第二个答案) you need to hand in a short report every four weeks(every four weeks 符合each month).

  我们再来看一个用补充信号词定位第二和第三个选项的例子:

  剑桥雅思5Test2Section2

  Which THREE things can the general public do to help the charity Pedal Power?

  A organize a bicycle collection

  B repair the donated bike

  C donate their unwanted tools

  D do voluntary work in its office

  E hold an event to raise money

  F identify areas that need bikes

  G write to the government

  这道题目的关键词是“general public”, 就是公众能做的事情,而不是charity内部的工作人员做的事情。

  录音原文如下:

  Now there are many ways in which you can support the work of Pedal Power, not just by taking a bike to collection(take a bike to collection和自己组织bike collection有本质区别,所以此处选项A为迷惑选项) in your area. I should also like to say if do have a bike to donate, it doesn’t matter what condition it’s in ------ if we can’t repair it (此处表明repair是由charity而不是公众做的,所以选项B为迷惑选项),we’ll strip it down for spare parts. Of course, to do that we always need tools, which are expensive to buy, so we welcome any that you can give.(第一个答案出现:选项C)

  ALSO(表示补充的信号词带出第二个答案),you could help by contacting the voluntary staff at our offices, they’ll be able to suggest activities you could organize(organize activity是hold an event的同义替换) to bring in funds for us. (bring in funds等同于E选项的raise money------第二个答案出现:E) People do all kinds of things---- including, of course, sponsored bike rides.

  ALSO(表示补充的信号词带出第三个答案),we’re always interested to hear of other places that would benefit from receiving a consignment of bikes(此处很明显是对于F选项的同义替换), and welcome suggestions from people(此处表明suggestions由general public给出,确定选项F)who’ve been to developing regions on their travel.

  以上就是智课网为大家带来的雅思听力多选题技巧,合理的运用次序词和补充词这两种技巧,首先可以准确地跟上录音的节奏,也可以帮助一时分神的考生们快速地定位到选项,智课网预祝大家都能顺利通过考试~


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