剑桥雅思12阅读真题Test7Passage3答案解析!本套Test7Passage3雅思阅读题需要注意关键词为music; simulated the brain’s neurons等,下面具体来了解一下剑桥雅思12阅读真题Test7Passage3答案解析,供大家参考。

  Test 7 Passage 3

  Question 27

  答案:dopamine

  关键词:music; simulated the brain’s neurons

  定位原文:第二段倒数第二句:“… music triggers the production of dopamine — a chemical with a key role in setting people’s moods — by the neurons (nerve cells) in both the dorsal and ventral regions of the brain.”

  解题思路:原文提到音乐会激发大脑背外侧和腹内侧的神经元(神经细胞)产生多巴胺。题干中的two of the parts of the brain对应的是原文中的dorsal and ventral regions。

  Question 28

  答案:pleasure

  关键词:feeling

  定位原文:第二段最后一句:“As these two regions have long been linked with the experience of pleasure, this finding isn’t particularly surprising.”

  解题思路:原文中提到这两个区域一直与愉悦情绪关联。

  Question 29

  答案:caudate

  关键词:particular active; before the participants’ favourite moments

  定位原文:第三段第一句:“…the dopamine neurons in the caudate…were at their most active around 15 seconds before the participants’ favourite moments in the music.”

  解题思路:原文提到活性尾区的多巴胺神经元最活跃的时间出现在快要播到实验者最喜欢的音乐部分的前15秒。

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  Question 36

  答案:D

  关键词:emotional response to music

  定位原文:最后一段第二句:“…Meyer argued that the emotions we find in music come from the unfolding events of the music itself.”

  解题思路:原文提到早期的音乐理论都着重于研究声音如何反映真实世界的画面和经历,即它的内涵,梅耶却认为我们在音乐中感受到的情绪来源于音乐本身所展现的东西。

  Question 37

  答案:F

  关键词:Montreal researchers

  定位原文:第三段第一句:“What is rather more significant is the finding that the dopamine neurons in the caudate…were at their most active around 15 seconds before the participants’ favourite moments in the music.”

  解题思路:研究表明活性尾区的多巴胺神经元最活跃的时间出现在快要播到实验者最喜欢的音乐部分的前15秒。对应F。

  Question 38

  答案:B

  关键词:Many studies

  定位原文:第四段第四句及第五句:“Numerous studies, after all, have demonstrated that dopamine neurons quickly adapt to predictable rewards. If we know what’s going to happen next, then we don’t get excited.”

  解题思路:原文提到很多研究都表明多巴胺神经元会快速适应可预测的奖励。如果我们知道后面会发生什么,我们就不会兴奋。题干中的Many studies对应原文中的numerous studies。

  Question 39

  答案:E

  关键词:Beethoven’s music

  定位原文:第五段第三句:“Meyer dissected 50 measures (bars) of the masterpiece, showing how…”第五段倒数第二句:“He wants to preserve an element of uncertainty…”

  解题思路:原文提到Meyer将贝多芬的曲子分成50小节,展示了曲子一开始是有非常明确的节奏及和谐的韵律,而之后是非常新颖的音调节奏,以此推迟重复韵律的出现。后面提到他希望在他的音乐中保存不确定性元素,使我们的大脑不停期望听到他迟迟不肯弹的韵律。对应E。

  Question 40

  答案:C

  关键词:Earlier theories

  定位原文:最后一段第二句:“While earlier theories of music focused on the way a sound can refer to the real world of images and experiences — its ‘connotative’ meaning…”

  解题思路:原文提到之前的音乐理论都着重于研究声音如何反映真实世界的画面和经历,对应C。


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