雅思剑桥12阅读Test7Passage1参考答案!下面智课网为大家带来剑桥雅思12阅读真题Test7第一篇阅读对应详细答案和解析,供大家参考,其中有很详细的解题思路有助于帮助考生掌握题型解题技巧。

  Test 7 Passage 1

  Question 1

  答案:v

  关键词:Paragraph A

  定位原文:A段第三到四句:“This inhospitable environment is home to the giant Galapagos tortoise…colonised by one or more tortoises from mainland South America.”

  解题思路:A段前两句先介绍了群岛的基本状况,后面提到这种不宜居的环境却是象龟的故乡,并且提到在象龟出现后,南美大陆的多种象龟也居住在此。因此对应标题v。

  Question 2

  答案:iii

  关键词:Paragraph B

  定位原文:B段第二句到最后:“From the 17th century onwards, pirates took a few on board…”

  解题思路:B段提到17世纪之后,海盗将象龟带到船上做为食物,大量掠夺这种资源,又提到当移民到达该岛后,他们也大量戮杀象龟,并摧毁它们的栖息地、开垦农田,同时他们引进的其他物种也以龟蛋或幼龟为食并破坏它们的栖息地。因此B段主要讲述了影响象龟数量的发展变化,对应标题iii。

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  Question 9

  答案:food

  关键词:1790s; large numbers

  定位原文:B段第二句、第三句:“the 1790s saw this exploitation grow exponentially…the tortoises were taken on board these ships to act as food supplies during long ocean passages.”

  解题思路:文中提到18世纪90年代象龟被大量杀戮,它们被带上船作为食物供给。

  Question 10

  答案:oil

  关键词:1790s

  定位原文:B段第四句:“Sometimes, their bodies were processed into high-grade oil.”

  解题思路:文中还提到这些象龟被用于提炼油。

  Question 11

  答案:settlers

  关键词:Hunted by

  定位原文:B段倒数第三句、第二句:“The historical exploitation was then exacerbated when settlers came to the island. They hunted the tortoises…”

  解题思路:文中提到当移居者到达该岛,他们开始猎杀这些象龟。

  Question 12

  答案:species

  关键词:Habitat destruction; not native

  定位原文:B段最后一句:“They also introduced alien species…or destroy their habitat.”

  解题思路:B段提到移居者还引进了一些外来物种,这些外来物种破坏了象龟的栖息地。

  Question 13

  答案:eggs

  关键词:fed on; baby tortoises

  定位原文:B段最后一句:“They also introduced alien species…that either prey on the eggs and young tortoises…”

  解题思路:文中提到这些被引进的外来物种会吃龟蛋和幼龟。


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