Many species of plants and animals are declining in the world. Give possible reasons and offer solutions.
It is unquestionable that many plant and animal species are losing their natural habitats and they are becoming extinct in nature. There are several causes of this universal issue, but measures could be taken to tackle the problem. This will be proven by looking at some of the causes and effective solutions to the problem.
Firstly, in many countries the trees are being uprooted giving the way to farmland, on which crops are grown and animals are kept on it. This sort of deforestation leads to the loss of natural habitats of these species, and the likely hood is that the whole species of animals will be at the level of extinction. For example, Giant panda has become an endangered species because they have lost their wildlife habitats. As this shows that deforestation of jungles is causing elimination of these animals. Thus, it is clear from this example that animals are disappearing because of cutting down of plants.
Secondly, much of the human actions are responsible for the destruction of marine life. This, devastation is apparent when the industrial waste and nuclear waste is pumped into sea and oceans. This chemical waste kills the aquatic plants and animals, and as result of this life cycle gets halted. Overall, this would significantly affect the production of food. For example, in Bhopal, India, multinational fertilizer companies in 1992 throw their chemical waste into the river, and because of this almost all species of fish were killed. Thus, it can be concluded from this example that chemical waste kills the fish and plant.
The most effective solution to tackle this problem is the intervention of government. The authorities should put some sort of levy on the companies who are pumping deadly chemical waste into lakes and rivers.
In conclusion, it has been shown that plants and animals are on its last leg. Thus, it is predicted that the government should make some stricter rules in an attempt to safeguard plants and animals.