在雅思考试中,雅思阅读部分需要考生,面对大量的阅读,在这个部分雅思阅读中的关键词汇对雅思阅读质量起着关键性的作用,为了便于大家进行备考,智课网为大家带来了雅思阅读词汇考试必备【文化】汇总,一起来了解一下。

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  proxy 代理人

  anecdote 轶事 (à anecdotal)

  notoriety 恶名 (ß notorious)

  counterpart 对应人,对等物Who’s George Bush’s counterpart in China?^ counterculture, counterbalance

  peer 同等的人 凝视,窥视(~ peep)

  subordinate 下级 下级的<> superior

  tactics 战术,技巧v.s. strategy (战略,策略)marketing strategy v.s. selling tactics

  nuance a subtle difference in meaning

  benchmarking 类比分析

  punctual 准时的,守时的 (à punctuality)

  absenteeism 旷工absent à absentee à absenteeism

  flextime 弹性工作时间flex(flexible) + time

  harass 骚扰 (à harassment)Mary said that Gary had sexually harassed her.

  redundancy 冗余,冗员network redundancy

  downsize 裁员 (~ lay off)

  ballot 投票 (= vote)

  impartial 不偏不倚的 (<> partial)

  lobby 大堂(n.) 游说(v.)

  shortlist (BE) a list of applicants who have been deemed suitable and from which the successful person will be chosen à (v.)

  equilibrium 平衡,均衡

  questionnaire 调查表,问卷

  quantitative 定量的 (<> qualitative)

  contingency 偶然性,偶然事件

  incur 招致incur debts/hatred/dangerv.s. occur, concur, recur

  ethical 伦理的,符合伦理的~ ethics, <> unethical

  dubious 疑惑的,可疑的 (~ doubt)People were dubious about the result.

  manifestation 显示,证明 (ß manifest)

  subtitle 字幕,副标题 (sub + title)^ subsidiary, submarine, subway (BE: underground, tube), suburb(~ downtown, uptown, outskirts)

  homogeneous 同质的 homo + gene +ous(<> heterogeneous)^ homosexual, heterosexual

  mainstream 主流 主流的

  dialect 方言 (v.s. accent)

  discrepancy 差异

  misconception 误解 (mis + concept + ion)= misunderstanding

  barrier 障碍(物)~ bar, = barricade

  discrimination 区别,歧视racial/sexual discriminationß discriminate (+against)

  hierarchy 等级制度heir + arch(govern) + y

  insularity 岛国性质 (ß insular, ^island)British industry has often been criticized for its linguistic insularity.

  microcosm 小天地 micro + cosm(os)

  nostalgia = homesickness

  patriot 爱国者 (<> traitor)à patriotic, patriotism

  compatriot 同胞 同胞的com + patriot

  vernacular 本地的,本国的 本地话,本国话the vernacular languages of India

  Hispanic An American whose first language was Spanish

  immigration 移入~ immigrant, immigratev.s. emigration (~ emigrant, emigrate)

  antipodes Any two places or regions on diametrically opposite sides of the Earth“from North America to the Antipodes”

  permeate 渗透,弥漫Smoke permeated the house.

  entrepreneur 企业家 (~ enterprise)à entrepreneurship

  practitioner 开业者,从业者praction(practice) + er

  celebrity a famous person= luminary, VIP

  dubbing 配音录制

  vogue 时尚 ^ chic

  bizarre 奇异的v.s. weird (怪异的)

  mediocre 平庸的

  dietitian 饮食学家 (~ diet)

  connoisseur 行家,鉴赏家^ entrée, a la carte

  以上是智课网为大家分享的雅思阅读词汇考试必备【文化】,希望能够对大家进行雅思阅读部分的备考有帮助。

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