1.When do you usually go out, in the daytime or in the evening?
I usually go out in the daytime when the shops are open and the weather is good. Besides, I always feel safer to go out in the daytime.
2.What do you always do when going out?
There are a lot of things that I can do when I go out. On weekends I usually go out with my friends to have a nice meal and sometimes we would shop together or watch a movie.
3.What will your bring when you go out?
I usually bring a bag with me. I would put in the bag some personal items, such as the cellphone, lipstick, tissues and a book, things like that.
4.What necessary things you will bring when going out?
First I would bring my cellphone. I think I can’t live without it now. I would use it to contact with my friends and take pictures. Another thing I would bring is Kindle. I would take it out when I’m waiting for the bus.
5.Will you bring different things in the daytime or at night?
Well actually there is not much difference except that I would bring a smaller bag at night. It is easy to take. After all, sometimes it is pretty hard to get a cab at night so I would prefer to take a lighter bag.
Describe an enjoyable experience you had in the countryside. You should say:
when and where you went;
who you went with;
what you did there;
and explain why you think it was enjoyable.
Talking about the enjoyable experience I had in the countryside, I think the childhood experience that I went to my grandparents’ house which is located in a small village in the north of China is a one. I remembered that my mother would take me to visit my grandparents every few years and the visit usually happened in summer holidays. The house had a big yard. And there was a brook behind the house. My grandparents kept two dogs in the big yard. They are adorable. My grandma planted two apple trees. The green apples were always on the tree when I went there every summer. I always begged my grandma to pick them for me to have a taste even if she told me that they would taste badly. I often dropped the apple after one bite. But my grandma was never angry with that. After supper, my grandpa took me to the brook behind the house. He said we could catch a big fish before the moon came out. However, we didn’t catch any fish at all.
The experiences were valuable and wonderful. They are of great importance in my life. Especially after my grandparents passed away, I have no opportunity to go back to the village any more. The memories kept the temperature of my grandparents’ love, and I cherish them very much.
①Do young people enjoy living in the countryside?
Well it depends. Many young people prefer to live in the countryside because the house price there is much cheaper. With the same amount of money, they may only buy a small house in the city but a pretty big one in the countryside. Besides, it is much more pleasant to stay close to nature. Just imagine, people could wake up with the chirp of birds. When they are tired, they can have a walk along the river. How pleasant it is! But many other young people may prefer to live in the city. There are more entertainment activities there. The infrastructure is more complete and life is more convenient. People can buy anything they want.
②Do old people prefer to live in the countryside or in the city?
Well it depends. Many old people prefer to live in the countryside where the life pace is much slower and the air is fresher. They don’t need to get in a hurry for everything like people in the city usually do. They can plant vegetables in the yard and keep a dog or a cat. When they are bored, they can have a walk and stay close to nature. They can go fishing or climb the mountain. But there are also many old people who prefer to live in the city. They believe life is more convenient in the city. They could find anything they need in the nearby supermarket. Besides, they can enjoy a better medical service there.
③Why do many people move from small towns to big cities?
Nowadays it is very common for people to move from small towns to big cities. They have made this decision for many different reasons. For the children, they can enjoy a better education there. There are more schools and training centers in the big cities. No matter what they are interested in, they can always find a teacher. For young people, big cities provide them with more job opportunities. They are more likely to find a job there. They also face more challenges in big cities, which means they could learn more. For old people, they can enjoy a better medical service in the city. The infrastructure is much better there. They could go to parks or attend the college for elders if they are bored. These activities make their life more colorful.
④What’s the difference between living in the countryside and living in the city?
I think people who live in the countryside are more likely to get close with each other. The population is denser in the city than in the countryside. Every day we meet a lot of people on the way to school, to work or in the mall, but it never occurred to us to say hi to these people. When we get back home, we would close the door and we hardly know who live across us. But to people who live in the countryside, they meet fewer people everyday and the number of residents is much fewer. They usually go to the same store or the same restaurant, so they are pretty familiar with each other.
⑤How has life changed in the countryside in your country?
Well people who live in the countryside are enjoying a better life now. In the past, people have little contact with the outside world. Their activities are limited in the village. It would be a huge thing for them to go to the city because the transportation is not convenient. Buses that reach other places are quite few. But nowadays things have changed. More people own cars now. So wherever they want to go, they can just drive their cars and reach the place. Besides, nowadays everybody gets a phone and Internet has been used everywhere. They are keeping in pace with the outside world. Many people even sell their farm products on the Internet.
Describe a time you disagreed with a decision that others made. You should say:
what decision it was;
who made the decision;
whether you told him or her that you disagreed;
and explain why you didn’t agree with this decision.
I once met a time that I disagreed with a decision that others made. It happened in a situation where my friends and I have different opinions about selecting a tent for our camp activity. My friends, Sarah and Sandy, they think we should choose a relatively cheap one since we seldom went out for camping. Actually, price is their only consideration when choosing a tent. Finally, they decided to buy a blue one, which is really cheap, well, the quality…I could say that it was a real eye opener for me. It was so light and flabby. And they tried to convince me that the camping location is very safe and we could even enjoy sleeping outside. I strongly disagreed with them. I told them that apart from the safety reason, we should also take health into account. We may be caught with big gales and heavy rains. The weather forecast is a bet that we couldn’t full trust but a good tent could protect us. The bare sleeping outside was often compelled. Finally, we bought another tent.
As poor students, we would like to explore the world with limited money. I have to admit that budget is what we have to consider most and what often restrict us. But there are much more outweigh the money. I didn’t agree with the decision because I think safety and health are more important compared with the money and utilization rate of a tent.
①What skills are necessary when making decisions?
I think people should be able to evaluate information and have a good communication skill when making decisions. For example, last month my friend and I intended to have a trip. We were provided with different offers by the travel agent. We compared all these offers and found out that one package was cheap but did not include hotels or lunches, another package was much more expensive but it covered all the expenses. To find out which one is more economical, we made many calls to the hotels and asked for their prices. Finally we decided to book the more expensive one because it was actually more suitable to us. So to deal with all kinds of information and talk to people are really important.
②How can people improve their decision-making skills?
Well to improve the decision-making skills, there are a lot of things that people can do. For example, it is important to bear the goal in mind and don’t let other people to influence your decision. Sometimes we are offered with too many options that we can easily forget what we want at the beginning. Take me for example. Last week I went to the store to buy a hair dryer. At first I only wanted to buy one that is not expensive and can dry my hair quickly, but somehow I got confused with all kinds of products. At last with the advice of the salesperson, I bought a super expensive one with many different functions which I never used.
③How do you think computers will change the way people make decisions?
Well I believe computers have greatly changed the way people make decisions, at least purchasing decisions. In the past before the use of computers, people face a serious problem of information asymmetry. We usually buy products at markets. We may compare the price of the same product in several different shops and then buy the cheapest one. But now with the help of a computer, people can compare the price at a much larger scale. Besides, we can see the comments on the product. This information helps us to make a better decision on what we buy and where we buy.
④Do parents in China allow their children to make important decisions about the future?
Well in the past many Chinese parents would like to make decisions for their children. When their children were still very young, they made decisions on which instrument they should learn. When their children grew older, they began to worry about which school their children should go to and which major to take. Children seldom had a say in these matters. Children brought up on this mode have many problems. They are not confident about themselves and they fear failures. Noticing the problems, more and more parents nowadays encourage their children to make decisions for themselves. For these children, they may meet more problems but they also accumulate invaluable experience.
⑤Do you think that parents should make important decisions for their children?
Well it depends. When the children are young, sometimes they tend to make bad decisions out of impulsion. Under this circumstance, parents should interfere in and stop them. I have a friend named Jack. He wanted to drop out of university and started his own business just as Jobs Steve did, except that he had no idea what his business was about. His father stopped him by telling him the importance of knowledge accumulation. At last he got back to school. Later he himself admitted that it was a bad decision. But under many other circumstances, for example, when it comes to the decision of major, I think parents should not make decisions for their children. These decisions are better left for the children themselves.
Describe an interesting talk or speech you heard recently. You should say:
when and where you heard it;
what the talk or speech was about;
who gave the talk or speech;
and explain why you think it was interesting.
I recently heard an interesting talk from an APP of learning English. Last Thursday, I clicked the learning English APP on my phone, and it gave me a daily push notification of a talk. The topic of the talk is fart facts, which is given by a doctor. It raised my interest to listen to it. The talk said fart is a gas coming from our intestines. As long as you eat, there is fart. It comes from your blood and chemical reactions in your body. But actually only 1% of our fart is stinky. Everyone produce about half a liter of farts every day. Yes, the elegant and young girls also fart, too. It said usually farts aren’t dangerous even if they are flammable ones. We won’t suffocate in a room full of farts and a continuous fart for 7 years will produce equivalent energy of an atomic bomb. And there is a term of “brain fart”, but it refers to doing something dumb. Fart is even regarded as a sort of greeting in an Indian tribe in South Africa.
I think it was interesting because people are often unwilling to mention about farts, most of us think they are disgusting. But it is a kind of normal physical need and we have many misunderstanding about fart. The doctor explained the fart facts in a humorous and elegant way. It made me laugh out.
①What kinds of people will be invited to give a speech?
I think people who are invited to give a speech are usually experts of a certain field, like scientists or popular musicians. They want to share their experience and their understanding with the audiences. I once saw a popular TV program named Voice. Many different people have been invited to give a speech about what they do and what significance their jobs have made. Among them there are writers, pop stars, scientists, astronauts and hosts. Through these speeches, I get to know many things, like what it is like to be an astronaut and what the challenges are. It is really eye opening to me.
②What kinds of speeches are interesting?
I have listened to many different speeches, some of them live and some of them just on TV. Among all these speeches, I think those in which people talk about their life experiences attracts me most. Most people we see who stand on the platform are both rich and famous, but before they became so successful, they had their hardships. I like to hear them talk about their hardships and how they overcame the challenges. These stories would encourage me to better face my problems. Besides, I find those speeches with pictures and videos very interesting. They help me to better understand the topic they talk about.
③Is listening to speeches important to children?
Well I believe it is important for children to listen to speeches given by people from different walks. These speeches help children to better understand what people do, and most importantly, they help them to set a target for what they want to be when they grow up. My 8-year old nephew is determined to be an astronaut after he watched the speech given by a Chinese astronaut Yang Liwei. He is now very passionate about the space. Whenever he is free, he would read books about it. He may not become an astronaut when he grows up, but at least it brings about great pleasure to him.
④How to select simple speeches for children?
Well, when people choose simple speeches for their children, they can select speeches with less theory development or speeches given along with the presentation of pictures and videos. Children sometimes are easily bored with theories. They are more willing to listen to interesting stories. Pictures and videos also help to raise their interest. I once asked my nephew to watch a speech with me. It was given by a photographer who took pictures in the Africa. In his speech he talked about how he became a photographer and how his pictures were used in animation movies. He has shown the audiences many beautiful pictures in his speech. My nephew liked the speech.
⑤Will Chinese people feel nervous when it comes to public speaking?
Well, I believe most people feel nervous about public speaking. They are too worried about making mistakes or messing it up. Sometimes when they walk on the platform, panic strike them and they just forget every line they prepared. Over time, people either avoid public speaking or struggle against speech anxiety. In my opinion, it is normal to feel nervous and we can actually do something to ease the anxiety. Before we give the speech, we can rehearse by ourselves. We can use some PPT slides to give us hints. We could wear our lucky shirts and keep telling us that we can do it. All these help to ease our tension.