雅思考试要想取得高分,同学们在备考的时候一定要掌握足够量的雅思词汇,词汇量的如果积累不足将会对考试成绩有很大的影响,为了帮助考生积累更多的雅思词汇,今天小编就为大家带来了剑桥雅思真题词汇part1的内容,供大家参考。

  Johnson’s dictionary (1)

  1)bringing some order to the chaos of English spelling

  chaos:混乱;杂乱

  2)dictionaries compiled by a certain Robert Cawdray

  compile:汇编 ; 编辑

  Alphabetical:按字母表顺序的

  certain 某某,某位

  3)Cawdray's tended to concentrate on ‘ scholarly ’ words

  concentrate:集中

  scholarly:博学的; 学问精深的; 学术水平高的;学术上的

  4)one function of the dictionary was to enable its student to convey an impression of fine learning.

  convey:传达 , 传递,表达

  5)the rise of dictionaries is associated with the rise of the English, middle class, who were anxious to define and circumscribe the various worlds to conquer -lexical as well as social and commercial.

  circumscribe:在 ... 周围画线,限定

  conquer:克服,征服,战胜

  lexical:词汇的

  6)It is highly appropriate that Dr Samuel Johnson, the very model of an eighteenth-century literary man

  highly:非常,很,高度地

  appropriate:适当的 , 恰当的

  7)Johnson was a poet and critic who raised common sense to the heights of genius

  critic:批评家,评论家

  genius:天才

  8)Up until his time , the task of producing a dictionary on such a large scale had seemed impossible without the establishment of an academy to make decisions about right and wrong usage

  Up until:直到, 到 ... 为止

  Time:时期;时代;年代

  Academy:学会、协会

  Usage:(词语的)用法,惯用法

  single-handed:一个人的,单独的,独力的。eg:he would do it single-handed

  9)Johnson signed the contract for the Dictionary with the bookseller Robert Dosley

  contract:合同 , 契约

  bookseller:书商

  installment:分期付款

  10)Johnson himself was stationed on a rickety chair

  station:驻扎 , 部署

  rickety:不牢靠的 , 不稳固的

  garret:顶层房间 ; (尤指)阁楼

  biographer:传记作者

  Elizabethan:伊利莎白女王时代

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