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  Task 1线图

  The pie charts below show the percentage of five kinds of books sold by a bookseller between 1972 and 2012.

  

  Sample Answer:

  The three pie charts compare the popularity of five different kinds of books according to the sales o f a bookseller during the period from 1972 to 2012.

  In 1972, the percentages of adult fiction and children’s fiction equaled, which were 20%, and then the figures experienced a gradual increase of 5% and 2% in the following 20 years. However, the figure for adult fiction soared to 45% in 2012 while the figure for children’s fiction continued to rise and arrived at 25%.

  Biography was less popular than other books in this 40-year period, and the gaps were 5%, 5% and 4% respectively. As to the travel books, they gained the least popularity in 1972, but outnumbered biography in the year 1992 when the figure dropped in the rest years and reached 10% in 2012.

  Overall, the proportion of fictions increased remarkably in this period while the popularity of other categories of books had a marked decrease.

  Task 2

  题目类别 旅游类 提问方式 Report

  考试题目

  International travel makes people more prejudiced rather than broad-minded. Why? How to improve the understanding of countries they visit?

  題目解析:

  题目的类型属于报告类。话题类型属于旅游类。题目中的第一问的思路很难构思,需要考生 有比较丰富的课外知识和比较细腻的思路。第二个问题的话可以从旅游的两方面入手进行思 考。首先对于游客自身而言,他们需要做哪些方面的提高,其次是外部环境,比如当地政府,媒体和旅行社等可以做哪些让游客加深对当地的了解。

  第一段:背景导入,并说明导入该现象的两个原因。

  第二段:解释第一个原因:为什么语言障碍会导致这个观象。

  第三段:解释第二个原因:为什么游客先入为主的偏见会导致该现象。

  第四段:从个人,政府和媒体角度出发提出措施。

  第五段:简单总结。

  Word Count (324)

  The increasing convenience of international flight and globalisation make it easier for travellers to step out of their national boundaries and experience the exotic atmosphere of other countries. However, travelers‘ prejudice also arises along with the booming of the international tourism. I view that language barrier and the preconceptions of tourists are mainly responsible for this phenomenon.

  It is quite natural that many international tourists hardly know the local languages, rendering it difficult for them to communicate with local people. This means that the interaction between holidaymakers and local people is quite restricted, which may only range from taking some snapshots of the landscapes or getting some second-hand information from the tour guides. As a result, misunderstanding of the local conventions and cultures are likely to occur due to inefficiency of language, and to some extent, misunderstanding it self will induce bias.

  Another reason contributes to this problem is tourists, preconceptions. The preconceptions, once coming into shape, are somewhat hard to change. Some of the tourists may feel reluctant to take

  initiatives to know the exotic cultures and practices because there are some differences between their native culture which they have been accustomed to and the totally new surroundings. For example, many international tourists from developed countries have a biased outlook of the unsophisticated and natural cultures of some African countries, misinterpreting them something backward and primitive.

  To solve this problem, more concerted effort should be made. It is advisable that the tourist form a more comprehensive understanding by obtaining more information about their destination. They can also make friends with some local residents to have a closer look on their real life. Besides, publicity launched by local governments and media can also make a difference. More advertisements can be made to inform tourists of the realistic surroundings of their tour destination.

  To sum up, tourists will be more open-minded and objective by analysing the reasons of this phenomenon and then making the joint effort.

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