剑桥雅思系列真题是剑桥大学考试委员会外语考试部出版各类考试真题的唯一官方出版社出版的权威教材,书中包含最新的雅思全真试题资料,是各类雅思考生备考过程中必不可少的参考书。非常适合学生自学的习题解答和听力录音文本。
        Question 1

  答案:isolation

  关键词:6800/variety of language/geographical

  定位原文:第3段第1句“Isolation breeds linguistic diversity: as a result, the world is peppered with languages spoken by only a few people.”

  解题思路:根据这句话可知,语言多样性是由于地理上的isolation。

  Question 2

  答案:economic globalization/globalization/socio-economic pressures

  关键词:government/huge decrease

  定位原文:第5段第4句“…the deadliest weapon is not government policy but economic pressures...”

  解题思路:本题目要看清楚问的是语言消失的原因,and表示并列,因此空中应该填与government initiatives对等的原因,而文中第五段前半部分提到政府政策对语言的影响,但是科学家们也指出,真正致命的原因是社会经济压力。

  Question 3

  答案:cultural identity

  关键词:Increasing appr?eciation/language classes

  定位原文:第7段第2句话“But a growing interest in cultural identity may prevent the direst predictions from coming true.”

  解题思路:“increasing appreciation”和文中的“growing interest”是同义替换,故正确答案是cultural identity。”

  Question 4

  答案:traditional skill

  关键词:‘apprentice’/teach/a

  定位原文:第7段倒数第4句“Volunteer 'apprentices' pair up with one of the last living speakers of a Native American tongue to learn a traditional skill such as basket weaving, with instruction exclusively in the endangered language.”

  解题思路:“apprentice”做为定位词,题干这句话的意思是在学徒计划中,濒危语言被用来作为载体来教授人们一种……,文中的“learn”与“teach”在意思上有关联,而不定冠词“a”之后要填一个专有名词。

  Question 5

  答案:E

  关键词:more than one...

  定位原文:第7段第4句“Most of these languages will not survive without a large bilingualism…”

  解题思路:题干这句话正好跟文中这句话表达的是相同的意思,而文中有这个观点的正是E选项。

  Question 6

  答案:B

  关键词:in itself

  定位原文:“But Mufwene says that preventing a language dying out is not the same as giving it new life by using it every day。”

  解题思路:通过这句话可以推测,保护语言本身并不是目标,如何让语言活起来才是真正目的。故正确答案为B。

  Question 7

  答案:D

  关键词:think/determine

  定位原文:第6段倒数第2句“‘Your brain and mine are different from the brain of someone who speaks French, for instance,’ Pagel says, and this could affect our thoughts and perceptions. ‘The patterns and connections we make among various concepts may be structured by the linguistic habits of our community.’”

  解题思路:这句话话当中提到了说英语的人的大脑与说法语的人大脑的不同,随后提出语言会影响我们的想法和观点。

  Question 8

  答案:C

  关键词:reject/established/way of life

  定位原文:第4段最后一句“People lose faith in their culture, When the next generation reaches their teens, they might not want to be induced into the old traditions.”

  解题思路:题干句子意思是“年轻人经常会拒绝接受社会约定俗成的生活方式”,正好与文中这句话“语言的转化意味着传统文化的消失”表达的意思一致。

  Question 9

  答案:B

  关键词:loss

  定位原文:第6段第2句“If a person shifts from Navajo to English, they lose something…”

  解题思路:文中的shift等同于题目当中的change,而传统文化的存在正意味着人们可以采用不同的观点来看待这个世界。

  Question 10

  答案:NO

  关键词:Navajo

  定位原文:第3段第4句话“Navajo is considered endangered despite having 150,000 speakers. What makes a language endangered is not just the number of speakers, but how old they are.”

  解题思路:这句话说有15万人在使用那瓦霍语,证明使用者并不是很少,在接下来的一句话当中,作者又表明使语言濒临灭绝的真正原因并不是说的人少,而是说的人太老。

  Question 11

  答案:YES

  关键词:a large number of

  定位原文:第3段第4句话“Navajo is considered endangered despite having 150,000 speakers.”

  解题思路:根据文中给出的证据,即有15万人说那瓦霍语,但是这门语言仍然濒临灭绝,作者推出了题中的结论,这个结论是正确的。

  Question 12

  答案:NOT GIVEN

  关键词:government

  定位原文:第5段

  解题思路:文中第五段提到了政府,主要是指出政府的政策也是导致语言濒危的原因,但是此后就并未对政府的作用再多做叙述,而是转而论述社会经济压力的重要性。本题是典型的节外生枝型。

  Question 13

  答案:YES

  关键词:linguistic diversity

  定位原文:第7段第1句“So despite linguists' best efforts, many languages will disappear over the next century.”

  解题思路:这句话表明尽管语言学家已经竭尽全力,但是许多语言到了下个世纪还是会消失。这句话就表明语言多样性的消失是不可避免的。

  定位原文:第3段第1句“Isolation breeds linguistic diversity: as a result, the world is peppered with languages spoken by only a few people.”

  Question 14

  答案:C

  关键词:Western

  定位原文:第1段第1句“Australia has been unusual in the Western world in having a very conservative attitude to natural or alternative therapies, according to Dr Paul Laver, a lecturer in Public Health at the University of Sydney.”

  解题思路:A答案说澳大利亚医生与制药公司关系紧密,属于完全未提及型答案。B答案认为澳大利亚医生总是和其他医师一同工作,与文中所说的事实恰好相反。D答案说澳大利亚医生会开出另类处方,这也是不正确的。只有C答案与文章叙述相符。

  Question 15

  答案:B

  关键词:Americans

  定位原文:第1段倒数第1句“Americans made more visits to alternative therapists than to orthodox doctors in 1990, and each year they spend about $US 12 billion on therapies that have not been scientifically tested.”

  解题思路:文中这句话说1990年美国人去看另类疗法医师的次数比去看传统医生的次数还多。所以答案B是正确的。而A、C和D答案中提到的比较关系并不存在。

  Question 16

  答案:YES

  关键词:20 years

  定位原文:第2段第1句“Disenchantment with orthodox medicine has seen the popularity of alternative therapies in Australia climb steadily during the past 20 years.”

  解题思路:在过去20年中,由于人们对传统医疗不再迷信,另类疗法在澳大利亚慢慢流行起来。这句话就证明在过去20年里,比以往更多的澳大利亚人开始相信另类疗法。

  Question 17

  答案:NO

  关键词:1983/1990/ a further 8%

  定位原文:第2段第2句话和第3句话“In a 1983 national health survey, 1.9% of people said they had contacted a chiropractor, naturopath, osteopath, acupuncturist or herbalist in the two weeks prior to the survey. By 1990, this figure had risen to 2.6% of the population.”

  解题思路:在1983年的调査中,约有1.9%的人说他们曾经看过另类疗法医师,到了1990年,这个数字上升到了总人口的2.6%。如果做减法的话,实际上人数上升了将近0.7个百分点,因此题目中所说的增加8%是错误的。

  Question 18

  答案:YES

  关键词:550,000

  定位原文:第2段第4句话“The 550,000 consultations with alternative therapists reported in the 1990 survey represented about an eighth of…”

  解题思路:题干这句话刚好和定位句的“The 550,000 consultations with alternative therapists”表达的是同样的意思,因此是正确的。

  Question 19

  答案:YES

  关键词:had a higher opinion of...

  定位原文:第2段最后一句“The high standing of professionals, including doctors, has been eroded as a consequence.”

  解题思路:这句话说的是包括医生在内的专业人士的崇高地位也就大打折扣。这句话的含义就是澳大利亚人以前对医生等专业人士有较高的评价,而现在这种观点已经遭受损害。

  Question 20

  答案:YES

  关键词:Australian doctors

  定位原文:第3段第1句“Rather than resisting or criticising this trend, increasing numbers of Australian doctors, particularly younger ones, are forming group practices with alternative therapists or taking courses themselves, particularly in acupuncture and herbalism.”

  解题思路:这句话表明澳大利亚正统医生正在接受另类疗法培训,相对于以前他们接受的正统医疗培训来说,这次培训无疑是一种再培训。

  Question 21

  答案:NOT GIVEN

  关键词:salaries

  定位原文:第3段

  解题思路:并不存在的比较关系是TRUE/FALSE/NOT GIVEN题解题的一条黄金法则。尤其当作者将两者进行简单肤浅比较的时候,一般答案都是NOT GIVEN。文中没有任何地方提到两种医生的薪水,因此正确答案是NOT GIVEN。

  Question 22

  答案:YES

  关键词:1993/289

  定位原文:第4段首句和第二句“In 1993, Dr Laver and his colleagues published a survey of 289 Sydney people who attended eight alternative therapists' practices in Sydney. These practices offered a wide range of alternative therapies from 25 therapists.”

  解题思路:89名病患去看病的这8家诊所提供各种各样的另类疗法服务,这其中也许包括针灸疗法,但是如果说这289名病人都是去做针灸的,就未免有些以偏概全了。

  Question 23

  答案:NO

  关键词:1993/long-term

  定位原文:第4段第3句“Those surveyed had experienced chronic illnesses, for which orthodox medicine had been able to provide little relief.”

  解题思路:chronic是“长期的,慢性的”意思,complaints在此处不是“抱怨,投诉”的意思,而是指疾病。

  Question 24

  答案:emotional/emotional problems

  关键词:10%-15%

  定位原文:第5段第1句“12% suffer from digestive problems, which is only 1% more than those suffering from emotional problems.”

  解题思路:目测该数字应该在10%和15%之间,在第五段寻找这样一个数字,结果发现12%所对应的是digestive一词,但是,很快我们会发现Digestive已经出现在了表格上,所以答案应该是比12%少一个百分点的emotional/emotional problems。

  Question 25

  答案:headache

  关键词:5%-10%

  定位原文:第5段最后一句“Headache sufferers and those complaining of general ill health represent 6% and 5% of patients respectively…”

  解题思路:该疾病所对应的数字应该在5%和10%之间,而且应该比第26空更接近10%。所以可以回第五段找两个相近并且都接近10%的数字,结果发现了6%和5%,故此空应该填:headache。

  Question 26

  答案:general ill health

  关键词:5%

  定位原文:第5段最后一句“Headache sufferers and those complaining of general ill health represent 6% and 5% of patients respectively…”

  解题思路:该疾病对应数字是5%,故应该填general ill health。

  Question 27

  答案:H

  关键词:unusual connection

  定位原文:H段最后1句“By allowing link-ups between brain areas that might not normally communicate with each other, play may enhance creativity.”

  解题思路:link-up等于connection,后面的play may enhance creativity证明这种不寻常的联系是有好处的。

  Question 28

  答案:F

  关键词:record/time

  定位原文:F段第2句“If you plot the amount of time...”

  解题思路:这个heading的意思是由记录小动物玩耍的时间而得到的见解,关键词是时间,回到文章当中寻找对应词时,只有这个段落提到了时间。plot一词是用图表记录的意思,在这里就等同于record。

  Question 29

  答案:A

  关键词:physical hazard

  定位原文:A段第4句之后“For a start, play can even cost animals their lives. Eighty per cent of deaths among juvenile fur seals…”

  解题思路:问题是问哪一段包含有对玩要带来的危险的描述。文章中只有在第一段中谈到了玩要可能带来的危险,而且还举出了小海狗的例子来说明这种危险的存在。

  Question 30

  答案:H

  关键词:mental/exercise/develop

  定位原文:H段前3句“Not only is more of the brain involved in play than was suspected, but it also seems to activate higher… and rules.”

  解题思路:mental activity是大脑活动的意思,问题问的是在玩耍过程当中,哪些大脑活动得到了练习和发展。

  Question 31

  答案:I

  关键词:effects/reduction

  定位原文:I段首句和2句“What might further experimentation… with their peers.”

  解题思路:问题问得是哪一段包含了这样的内容:减少玩耍机会可能对儿童造成的影响。在最后一段中,作者谈到了被剥夺了玩耍机会的小老鼠大脑就发育的不好,并且用一个设问句表明了他对人类儿童的忧虑。而且一般来讲,含有effect的段意都是对应文章的最后一段。

  Question 32

  答案:B

  关键词:class/animals

  定位原文:B段第4句“Playfulness, it seems, is common only among mammals...”

  解题思路:B段中提到了玩要在哺乳动物中很普遍,而且在有些鸟类当中也存在,即提到了各种各样的动物。一些同学会在E段当中看到fifteen orders of mammals一词,不过仔细读下来,E段的主要意思是在讲哺乳动物中大脑大小和玩耍之间的关系,并不是说玩耍对哪种动物重要。故答案选B。

  Question 33-35

  答案:ACF(IN EITHER ORDER)

  Question 33

  答案:A

  关键词:rehearsal/adult

  定位原文:B段倒数第2句“A popular explanation of play has been that it helps juvenile develop the skills they will need to hunt, mate and socialize as adults.”

  解题思路:这段中提到了帮助青少年培养作为成年人需要的一些技能,所以A选项正确。

  Question 34

  答案:C

  关键词:build up strength

  定位原文:B 段最后一句“Another has been that it allows young animals to get in shape for adult life...”

  解题思路:“使年轻的动物保持体形”与C选项对应。

  Question 35

  答案:F

  关键词:organ growth

  定位原文:E段首句:“...reported that there is a strong positive link between brain size and playfulness…”

  解题思路:“在脑部大小与玩耍之间有正面的关联”与F选项对应。

  Question 36

  答案:B

  关键词:Robert Barton

  定位原文:E段倒数第2句和末句 “Robert Barton of Durham University …I concluded it's to do with learning,and with the importance of environmental data to...”

  解题思路:Barton认为玩耍与学习有关,也与大脑发育过程中环境资料的重要性有关。Environmental data可以与physical surroundings对应。

  Question 37

  答案:G

  关键词:Marc Becoff

  定位原文:G 段第4句“Bekoff likens it to a behavioural kaleidoscope...”

  解题思路:Becoff将玩耍比喻为一个行为万花筒,这句话也就是说在玩耍当中动物会做出各种各样的举动,正好和G选项中的a wide range of相对应。

  Question 38

  答案:E

  关键词:John Byers

  定位原文:C段第2句“Byers points out that the benefits of increased exercise disappear rapidly after training stops, so...”

  解题思路:Byers认为训练一结束,由增强训练所带来的好处就跟着迅速消失了,无论什么种群的动物,玩耍都倾向于在哺乳期的中期达到顶峰,然后则开始走了下坡路。这就与E答案观点—致。

  Question 39

  答案:D

  关键词:Sergio Pellis

  定位原文:E段第1句“...reported that there is a strong positive link between brain size and playfulness among mammals in general.”

  解题思路:Pellis认为哺乳动物的玩耍量与他们大脑的大小往往成正比。所以玩耍比较少的动物脑子也比较小。

  定位原文:第3段第1句“Isolation breeds linguistic diversity: as a result, the world is peppered with languages spoken by only a few people.”

  Question 40

  答案:A

  关键词:Stephen Siviy

  定位原文:H段第6句“Siviy studied how bouts of play affected the brain's levels of a particular chemical associated with..”

  解题思路:Siviy认为玩耍能够影响大脑中一种特殊化学物质,这种物质会刺激神经细胞生长。答案选A。

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