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  Question 1

  答案:FALSE

  关键词:media

  定位原文:第1段第3句“In the face of the frequent and often vivid media coverage…”;“Despite the extensive coverage in the popular media of the destruction of rainforests…”

  解题思路:这两段当中的frequent/vivid/extensive/coverage等词都说明媒体对于热带雨林的现状十分关注,并做了广泛报道。

  Question 2

  答案:FALSE

  关键词:children/classroom

  定位原文:第2段第3句“These ideas may be developed by children absorbing ideas through the popular media。”这些观点可能是学生从大众媒体中获得的。

  解题思路:这句话证明学生也从大众媒体中吸取有关热带雨林的观点,而并不是只从课堂中得到相关知识。

  Question 3

  答案:TRUE

  关键词:pure/ mistaken

  定位原文:第2段第1句“Many studies have shown that children harbour misconceptions about ‘pure’, curriculum science.”

  解题思路:这句话是题干的同义替换,学生关键需要掌握“harbour”在这里的意思等于“hold”。

  Question 4

  答案:TRUE

  关键词:framework/easier

  定位原文:第2段第2句“These misconceptions do not remain isolated but become incorporated into a multifaceted,but organized, conceptual framework, making it and the component ideas, some of which are erroneous, more robust but also accessible to modification.”

  解题思路:解这题的关键是要明白题干中的“easier to change”和文中的“accessible to modification”是同义替换。

  Question 5

  答案:FALSE

  关键词:yes/no

  定位原文:第4段第2句“Secondary school children were asked to complete a questionnaire containing five open-form questions.”

  解题思路:Open-form指简答题,与yes/no直接矛盾。

  Question 6

  答案:NOT GIVEN

  关键词:more likely than

  定位原文:第5段第4句“More girls (70%) than boys (60%) raised the idea of rainforest as animal habitats.”

  第6段第1句“Similarly, but at a lower level, more girls (13%) than boys (5%) said that rainforests provided human habitats.”

  解题思路: 虽然这两句话分别将男生女生作了比较,但是比较内容并不是关于热带雨林破坏的错误观点,所以此题属于并不存在的比较关系。

  Question 7

  答案: TRUE

  关键词:follow on from

  定位原文:第6段第2句“These observations are generally consistent with our previous studies of pupils’ views about the use and conservation of rainforests…”

  解题思路:“previous”一词是先前的意思,证明在此研究之前,人们也就学生对热带雨林的看法做了研究,因此本文所提到的调査是在这些研究之后进行的。

  Question 8

  答案:NOT GIVEN

  关键词:primary/second

  解题思路:文中直到最末尾也从未提到这项研究是否会继续,所以此题属于无中生有。

  Question 9

  答案:M

  关键词:where/ rainforests

  定位原文:第4段第6句“The commonest responses were continents or countries: Africa (given by 43% of children), South America (30%), Brazil (25%).”

  解题思路:根据对应句信息可选出答案为M。

  Question 10

  答案:E

  关键词:importance/rainforests

  定位原文:第9段第1句…the majority of children simply said that we need rainforests to survive.

  解题思路:根据对应句信息可选出答案为E。

  Question 11

  答案:G

  关键词:reason/loss

  定位原文:第7段第2句“...more than half of the pupils(59%)identified that it is human activities which are destroying rainforests,...”

  解题思路:根据对应句信息可选出答案为G。

  Question 12

  答案:P

  关键词:important/protected

  定位原文:第5段第2句“The dominant idea, raised by 64% of the pupils, was that rainforests provide animals with habitats.”

  解题思路:根据对应句信息可选出答案为P。

  Question 13

  答案:J

  关键词:uncommon/issue

  定位原文:第9段第2句至第3句“Only a few of the pupils(6%)mentioned that rainforest destruction may contribute to global warming. This is surprising considering the high level of media coverage on this issue.”

  解题思路:根据对应句信息可选出答案为J。

  Question 14

  答案:B

  关键词:title

  定位原文:无

  解题思路:从文章第二段开始,一直在围绕孩子对热带雨林容易产生错误的理解,因此本文重点应该放在孩子对热带雨林遭破坏状况的观点上,故要选择一个带有孩子的标题。

  Question 15

  答案:taste buds

  关键词:taste

  定位原文:第1段第5句“Similarly, although at least some cetaceans have taste buds, the nerves serving these have degenerated or are rudimentary.”

  解题思路:根据定位句信息,可知答案是taste buds。

  Question 16

  答案:baleen whales

  关键词:stereoscopic vision

  定位原文:第3段第3句“However,the position of the eyes so restricts the field of vision in baleen whales that they probably do not have stereoscopic vision.”

  解题思路:根据定位句信息,可知答案是baleen whales。

  Question 17

  答案:forward downward (IN EITHER ORDER)

  关键词:Dolphins, porpoises

  定位原文:第4段第1句“On the other hand, the position of the eyes in most dolphins and porpoises suggests that they have stereoscopic vision forward and downward.”

  解题思路:根据定位句信息,可知答案是forward和downward。

  Question 18

  答案:(the) freshwater dolphin(s)

  关键词:forward and upward

  定位原文:第4段第2句“Eye position in freshwater dolphins, which often swim on their side or upside down while feeding, suggests that what vision they have is stereoscopic forward and upward.”

  解题思路:根据关键词定位,可知答案为freshwater dolphin(s)。

  Question 19

  答案:(the) water

  关键词:bottlenose dolphin

  定位原文:第4段第3句“By comparison, the bottlenose dolphin has extremely keen vision in water. Judging from the way it watches and tracks airborne flying fish, it can apparently see fairly well through the air-water inter?face as well.”

  解题思路:题干中的exceptional和文中的extremely是同义替换,所以根据定位句答案应该为water。

  Question 20

  答案:(the) lower frequencies

  关键词:most large baleen

  定位原文:第6段第3句“Large baleen whales primarily use the lower frequencies and are often limited in their repertoire.”

  解题思路:根据定位句信息,可知答案是(the) lower frequencies。

  Question 21

  答案:bowhead humpback (IN EITHER ORDER)

  关键词:song-like

  定位原文:第6段第4句“Notable exceptions are the nearly song-like choruses of bowhead whales in summer and the complex, haunting utterances of the humpback whales.”

  解题思路:根据song-like定位到该句话,可知答案为bowhead和humpback。

  Question 22

  答案:touch/sense of touch

  关键词:mating

  定位原文:第2段第3句“This contact may help to maintain order within a group, and stroking or touching are part of the courtship ritual in most species.”

  解题思路:这里的mating和文中的courtship ritual是同义替换,所以答案应为touch或者sense of touch。

  Question 23

  答案:freshwater dolphin(s)

  关键词:upside down/eating

  定位原文:第4段第2句“Eye position in freshwater dolphins, which often swim on their side or upside down while feeding...”

  解题思路:根据定位句信息,可知答案是freshwater dolphin(s)。

  Question 24

  答案:airborne flying fish

  关键词:follow/under the water

  定位原文:第4段第3句“By comparison, the bottlenose dolphin has extremely keen vision in water. Judging from the way it watches and tracks airborne flying fish, it can apparently see fairly well through the air-water interface as well.”

  解题思路:题目中的“follow”和文中的“tracks”是同义替换,根据定位句信息,可知答案是airborne flying fish。

  Question 25

  答案:clear water(s)/clear open water(s)

  关键词:habitat/good visual ability

  定位原文:第5段第句“For example, vision is obviously more useful to species inhabiting clear open waters than to those living in turbid rivers and flooded plains.”

  解题思路:根据定位句信息,可知答案是clear open water(s)。

  Question 26

  答案:(the) acoustic sense

  关键词:best/cetaceans

  定位原文:第6段第1句“Although the senses of taste and smell appear to have deteriorated, and vision in water appears to be uncertain, such weaknesses are more than compensated for by cetaceans’ well-developed acoustic sense.”

  解题思路:根据定位句信息,可知答案是acoustic sense。

  Question 27

  答案:C

  关键词:first paragraph

  定位原文:第1段第1句“From a number of recent studies, it has become clear that blind people can appreciate the use of outlines and perspectives to describe the arrangement of objects and other surfaces in space.”

  解题思路:根据定位句可知,说的是盲人能够理解outlines和perspectives的使用。故正确答案为C。

  Question 28

  答案:C

  关键词:surprised/blind woman

  定位原文:第1段第3-5句“This fact was drawn to my attention dramatically when a blind woman in one of my investigations decided on her own initiative to draw a wheel as it was spinning. To show this motion, she traced a curve inside the circle (Fig.1). I was taken aback. Lines of motion, such as the one she used, are a very recent invention in the history of illustration.”

  解题思路:这段话说到让作者惊讶的是一个盲人女性决定靠自己的能力绘出正在旋转的轮椅。故正确答案为C选项。

  Question 29

  答案:A

  关键词:Part1/ blind subjects

  定位原文:第5段第4句“Evidently, however, the blind not only figured out meanings for each line of motion,but as a group they generally came up with the same meaning at least as frequently as did sighted subjects.”

  解题思路:从“not only…but…came up with the same meaning as least as frequently as did sighted subjects” 可以得出A选项正确。这里并没有说比sighted subjects会好,所以D选项是不对的。

  Question 30

  答案:E

  关键词:无

  定位原文:Part1第4段最后一句“Subjects assumed that spokes extending beyond the wheel's perimeter signified that the wheel had its brakes on...”

  解题思路:这段话恰好说明辐条超出了车轮的周界是使用了刹车,所以正确答案为E。

  Question 31

  答案:C

  关键词:无

  定位原文:Part1第4段最后一句“...and that dashed spokes indicated the wheel was spinning quickly.”

  解题思路:这句话的意思是虚线辐条表示车轮在快速转动,故正确答案为C。

  Question 32

  答案:A

  关键词:无

  定位原文:Part1第4段第2句“Most guessed that the curved spokes indicated that the wheel was spinning steadily…”

  解题思路:这句话的意思是曲线辐条表示车轮在稳定的转动,故正确答案为A。

  Question 33

  答案:pairs

  关键词:Part2/a set of word

  定位原文:Part2第2段第1句“We gave a list of twenty pairs of word of words to sighted subjects...”

  解题思路:此空要求填一个名词,而词库中只有associations, pairs, shapes, words四个词是名词,从意思上判断,words和shapes显然不太合适,最后只能填pairs。

  Question 34

  答案:shapes

  关键词:abstract

  定位原文:Part2第3段最后一句“Thus, we concluded that the blind interpret abstract shapes as sighted people do.”

  解题思路:Abstract是形容词,空里要求填个名词。从对应句可以看出改名词为shapes。

  Question 35

  答案:sighted

  关键词:circle/soft/hard/square

  定位原文:Part2第3段第1句“All our subjects deemed the hard/square circle soft and the square hard.”

  解题思路:虽然在这句话中没有出现sighted这个词,但是根据上一整段的内容推测,此处的subjects指得是sighted subjects.

  Question 36

  答案:sighted

  关键词:51%

  定位原文:Part2第3段第4句。And only 51% linked deep to circle and shallow to square.(See Fig.2.)

  解题思路:这题依然没有出现sighted这个词,但是同上题,根据上文可以推测出这里的volunteers指的是sighted subjects。

  Question 37

  答案:deep

  关键词:51%

  定位原文:Part2第3段第4句。And only 51% linked deep to circle and shallow to square.(See Fig.2.)

  解题思路:根据定位句可知,这里填的词应该是deep。

  Question 38

  答案:blind

  关键词:repeated/volunteers

  定位原文:Part2第3段第5句“When we tested four totally blind volunteers using the same list, we found that their choices closely resembled those made by the sighted subjects.”

  解题思路:这句话是说被测试者是blind volunteers,故正确答案为blind。

  Question 39

  答案:smilar

  关键词:choices

  定位原文:Part2第3段第7句“He made only one match differing from the consensus, assigning 'far' to square and 'near' to circle.”

  解题思路:“Consensus”是共识的意思,从这句话我们可以知道盲人们对如何搭配基本可以达成一致意见。

  Question 40

  答案:B

  关键词:conlusion

  定位原文:Part2第3段最后一句“Thus, we concluded that the blind interpret abstract shapes as sighted people do.”

  解题思路:这句话刚好是B选项的同义替换,意思是我们能够推断出盲人诠释abstract shapes与视力正常的人是一样的。

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