在雅思写作大作文考试中,通常会要求各位考生去论证和说明自己的观点,比较常见的一种方法就是引用于举例。接下来小编给大家介绍一下怎么运用这种方法去论证自己的观点,让自己的观点更有说服力,希望大家认真学习并进行掌握。

  【题目】通过社交服务网站我们与朋友保持了更加直接的联系,建立大交际圈,其提供的寻找用户的工具帮助用户寻到失去了联络的朋友们。但同时个人的隐私也很轻易地被他人所获知,因而个人信息安全保障措施还需要改善。近期,关于人们通过社交网站关注前任,情伤更难痊愈的研究引起了人们的广泛关注。

  Facebook users risk psychological damage spying on ex lovers

  As many as half of Face book users arerisking psychological damage from using the site to spyon ex lovers, according to new research.

  Two of the most cited reasons for accessing Face book are to keep in touch with others and to surreptitiously monitor them - with between a third and half of users using it to check up on ex-partners.

  With close to a billionusers, it means hundreds of millions may befinding it more difficult to get over a broken romance.

  Psychologist Dr Tara Marshall said in the past, such spying and keeping tabs with what your ex was up to waschallenging.

  You could try and pry information from his orher friends, telephone, or drop by their place, butit was usually unlikely you would turn up much useful information.

  This made it easy for people to distance themselves from the relationship and move on - an emotionally healthy breakup.

  But as long as you remain 'friends' with your ex on Facebook, they are now able to keep up with everything you are doing.

  While satisfying a certain curiosity factor, it seems likely that it would make it far more difficult to actually emotionally distance yourself from your past relationship.

  In a survey of 464 participants,most of whom were undergraduate students, she found people who remain Face book friends with an ex-partner will experience poorer breakup adjustment and personal growth relative to those who do not.

  The findings suggest continued online exposure to an ex-romantic partner may inhibit post-breakup recovery.

  Notably, frequent monitoring of anex-partner's Face book page and list of friends was associated with greater distress.

  Dr Brenda Wiederhold, editor of Cyber psychology, Behavior and Social Networking which published the research, added:"This study sees again virtual life mirroring real life.

  "Just as real life contact with ex-partners may inhibit growth, healing, and well-being, so may virtual contact."

  这篇文章报道了根据一项比较新研究,有多达半数的Face book用户使用该网站查看前情人的消息,这可能导致使用者的心理受创,让我们一起来看一下其中有哪些内容可以帮助我们应对雅思大作文。

  首先,专家分析认为,这篇文章中使用了论证力比较强的引用论证方法,使文章非常有说服力。在这些引证中,作者通过引用研究的内容和结果,及专家的评论使自己的观点更加有说服力。同时,也运用举例子做了充分的例证。很多同学常常困惑如何才能使文章做到有理有据,引用和举例就是其中非常好用的一种方法,可以运用到雅思大作文中。

  我们来看一道雅思大作文的真题。

  The development of technology changes the way people connectwith each other. In which ways does the development of technology change thetypes of relationships among people? Does it have positive or negative effects on the relationships?

  我们可以将报道中的论证方法运用此题目中:

  引用:

  ·As many as half ofFace book users are risking psychological damage from using the site to spy on ex lovers, according to new research.

  根据一项比较新研究,有多达半数的Face book用户使用该网站查看前情人的消息,这可能导致使用者的心理受创。

  句中的according to a newresearch这个引用句型

  同样的句型还有:

  According to the latest survey done by agroup of researchers,

  The investigation shows that

  * The findings suggest continued online exposure to anex-romantic partner may inhibit post-breakup recovery.

  研究结果显示,在网上持续接触前任的信息可能有阻分手后的恢复。

  * Psychologist Dr Tara Marshall said inthe past, such spying and keeping tabs with what your ex was up to was challenging. You could try and pry information from his or her friends,telephone, or drop by their place, but it was usually unlikely you would turn up much useful information.

  心理学家塔拉-马歇尔博士说,过去,像是暗中监视或者密切注意前情人这种事很难办到。过去,你可以试着通过你或者前情人的朋友、电话,或者顺便拜访住处,探听前情人的消息,不过通常得不到太多有用的信息。

  举例:

  ·In a survey of 464 participants, most of whom were undergraduate students, she found people who remain Face book friends with an ex-partner will experience poorer breakup adjustment and personal growth relative to those who do not.

  马歇尔在调查中发现,与前情人还是Facebook好友的受访者,其分手后的调整过程与个人成长,不如不保持好友关系的受访者顺利。共有464名受访者参与调查,其中多数是大学生。

  因果:

  ·Two of the most cited reasons for accessing Face book are to keep in touch with others and to surreptitiously monitor them - with between a third and half of users using it to check up on ex-partners.

  用户使用Facebook网站的两大原因是与他人保持联系与暗中关注他们,其中有三分之一到一半的用户登录Facebook查看前情人的消息。

  【7分词汇提炼】

  headache 令人头痛的事

  head-way 进展

  conflict with… 与…相冲突

  major cause 主要原因

  be replaced by… 被…所取代

  curb… 限制…

  dilemma 进退两难

  energy-saving 节能的

  potential market 潜在市场

  in view of 考虑到

  provide conveniencefor … 为…提供便利

  marketable products 畅销产品

  jump into our sight 映入眼帘

  high-tech products 高科技产品

  fake and exaggeratedinformation虚假信息

  be deceptive andmisleading 具有欺骗性和误导性

  encourage somebody todo something 鼓励某人去做某事

  be tempted into anunhealthy lifestyle 从而过上一种不健康的生活方式

  以上是小编为大家准备的“雅思大作文论证方法-引用与举例”相关内容,希望对各位考生备考雅思写作考试有一定帮助,希望各位能通过有效的练习,扎实写作基础,在考试中有一个更好的发挥。


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