在雅思写作小作文考试中,主要是以图表形式来考验各位考生对于重要信息的总结和表达能力。接下来小编为大家总结了一些图表常用的表达以及语料知识,希望各位考生在平时备考练习中多注意这方面的总结和积累,进行更加有效的备考。

  PART2: Detailed Approaches

  Ⅰ、雅思图表说明文用词

  1、主语的表达:

  Chart= graph = diagram

  曲线图:line/ curve chart

  柱状图:bar/ column graph

  饼状图:piediagram

  表格图:table/ statistics / figures

  流程图:theflow diagram

  2、表明,展示

  •Show,indicate, point out

  •Giveinformation about

  •Providedatum/data of

  •Describe,illustrate, present, display, reflect, demonstrate, depict, reveal, exhibit

  3、修饰动词的常用副词

  •Clearly,plainly, apparently, obviously, vividly

  •Specially,particularly

  •Relative,relatively

  •Comparative,comparatively

  4、常用关联词

  •顺承:also,besides, in addition

  •转折:however,on the other hand, conversely

  •同时:meanwhile,in the same time

  •类比:similarly

  •强调:inparticular

  5、上升,增加

  •Increase,raise, rise, go up, climb, grow

  •Mount,soar, jump

  •Ascend

  •Rocket,skyrocket

  •Surge,surge up, upsurge

  6、下降,减少

  •Decrease,drop, fall, go down

  •Reduce,decline, plummet, abate

  •Descend

  •Shrinkto/by

  •Collapse,plunge, slump

  7、稳定

  •Keep/remain/stay/maintainstable/steady/unchanged/constant/the same

  •in astationary phase

  •Stabilize

  8、变化后保持稳定

  •Leveloff

  •Levelout

  •Bottomout

  •Reacha plateau

  9、起伏不定

  •Wave,fluctuate, go up and down

  •Beunstable, be flexible

  •Bein instability, be in flexibility

  10、达到高位/低位

  •Reach/hita high/low point

  •Reach/hitthe highest/lowest point/nadir = maximize/minimize

  •Reacha peak/summit, reach/touch the bottom/trough

  •Peak(v), summit (v)

  11、占百分之…

  •Form,comprise, make up, occupy

  •Constitute,cover, account for

  •Beshared by

  •Halfof…

  •Aquarter of…

  12、做比较,表倍数

  •Ahas something in common with b

  •Ashares some similarity with b

  •Thedifference between a and b lies in...

  •Double,triple, quadruple (v, n, adj, adv)

  13、急剧的/地

  •Rapid,rapidly

  •Fast,fast

  •Quick,quickly

  •Sharp,sharply

  •Dramatic,dramatically

  •Steep,steeply

  •Drastic,drastically

  •Exponential,exponentially(成倍地)

  14、显著的/地

  •Great,greatly

  •Large,largely

  •Vast,vastly

  •Considerable,considerably

  •Significant,significantly

  •Remarkable,remarkably

  •Marked,markedly

  •Noticeable,noticeably

  •Conspicuous,conspicuously

  15、逐渐,稳步的/地

  •Stable,stably

  •Steady,steadily

  •Moderate,moderately

  •Gradual,gradually

  •Smooth,smoothly

  •Mild,mildly

  16、轻微,缓慢的/地

  •Slight,slightly

  •Slow,slowly

  •Marginal,marginally

  •Minute,minutely

  17、大约

  •About,around

  •Nearly,almost

  •Moreor less

  •Roughly,approximately

  •举例:Approximately4,500 tents, 3,000 quilts and other relief material was being distributed,officials said, according to the Xinhua report. ( 摘自:CNNReport: One dead from quake in SW China )

  18、趋势

  •anupward / rising / increasing tendency

  •adownward / falling / decreasing trend

  19、倍数

  •Double

  •Triple

  •Quadruple

  20、时间

  •From… to …

  •Between… and …

  •Startingfrom …till…

  21、根据…

  •Accordingto

  •Inaccordance with

  •Basedon

  •Interms of

  •Inthe light of

  22、和…相比

  •Comparing…

  •Comparedwith/to…

  •Incomparison with…

  •Differentfrom…

  •Relativeto…

  23、然而

  •While,whilst, whereas, yet

  •However

  •Onthe contrary

  •In/bycontrast, in/by marked contrast to…(与…形成鲜明对照)

  •Nevertheless,nonetheless

  •Onthe other hand

  24、总之

  •Toconclude, In conclusion

  •Tosummarize, In summary

  •Torecapitulate, In recapitulation

  •Tosum up

  •Allin all

  •Overall

  •Inbrief

  Ⅱ、流程图写作补充词汇

  1、Chronological order(表次序)

  •First, firstly, first of all, at first

  •First and foremost

  •In the first stage

  •To begin/start with

  •In/at the beginning

  •Initially

  •Second, secondly, second of all

  •In the second stage

  •Next, then, later

  •In the next step

  •After that

  •While, as, during

  •At the same time

  •Meanwhile

  •Simultaneously

  •At this point

  •Finally, lastly, at last

  •In the final/last stage

  •The last thing

  •Eventually

  2、表目的

  •In order to

  •In order that

  •So as to

  •So that

  3、上义词/下义词

  •上义词是对事物概括性、抽象性说明;下义词是事物的具体表现形式的说明。

  •Migrate-immigrate/emigrate

  •Move-walk-stroll/hobble/stride/wander

  •Top students allow no interruptions oftheir study time. Once the books are open, phone calls go unanswered, TVunwatched and newspapers unread.

  •我们比较常用的上义词:make, take, have, get

  以上是小编为大家带来的“雅思小作文图表写作语料”的相关内容,希望能帮助到各位考生有效备考雅思考试,在雅思实战考试中能收获一份满意的成绩。


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