在雅思阅读考试中,文章篇幅比较长,考生要特别注意一些关系词,包括表示转折、表示让步、表示顺序或者过程等。接下来小编为大家盘点雅思阅读文章中常见关联词,希望各位考生在平时练习中养成一个良好的学习习惯,注意总结和积累。

  1.关联词之表转折:

  but, however, yet, in fact, on the other hand;A, but B: 否定A而肯定B,则A,B两部分内容是相反的。

  例:Computerized data storage and electronic mail were to have heralded the paper less office. But, contrary to expectations, paper consumption throughout the world shows no sign of abating .

  解释:paper less 表示负向,则but后no sign of abating 表示正向,所以abating是表示负向的词。

  总结:此种方法有利于在不认识单词的前提下读懂句子意思,很有帮助,但一定要练习,而且要敏感。

  练习:The marginal costs of generating electricity from nuclear energy may be tiny, but , as the technology now stands, huge and uncertain costs are involved in building the power stations, dealing with spent fuel, and decommissioning.

  2.关联词之表让步:

  (1)although:although A, B:尽管有A,B还是出现了(A,B互不影响)若A是正,那B就是负的。

  例如:Although the world regards Asia as the focus of an economic and industrial miracle, without adequate supplies of food, Lampe says, chaos could easily result in many countries.

  解释:miracle奇迹,表正向,则but后的chaos是一个表负向的词。

  (2)while:

  A.although:虽然,尽管

  B. as long as:只要

  C. whereas, but:表转折

  D.when:当。。。的时候

  E. n. 表一段时间,

  例:While ducks offer many advantages over hens, they must be given greater quality of food, especially if regular eggs are desired.

  解释:原文在本段之前讲鸭子的好,在本段之后讲它的不好。

  (3)关联词之Albeit:尽管,虽然

  例:Albeit true but not now.

  3. 表并列:A and BA...and B...

  (1)并列双方性质相同;

  (2)当A、B都比较复杂时,应该从比较后一项找起,根据B的形式到前文找到A

  例:The modern city consists of monstrous edifices and of dark, narrow streets full of petrol fumes and toxic gases, torn by the noise of the taxicabs, lorries and buses, and thronged ceaselessly by great crowds.

  解释:此句话中共有四个and ,

  第一个and 并列of 结构,

  第二个and 并列fumes和toxic,

  第三个and并列taxicabs, lorries 和buses,

  第四个and并列full of …, torn by… 和thronged…4 表递进:没有转折的意思,后项承接上文。

  4.关联词之表顺序或过程:

  (1)first, then, next, later on, finally

  (2) 1st, 2nd, 3rd…

  (3)in the first place, in the second place…

  (4)before…, after…

  (5)once, until, as soon as,…

  5.关联词之比较级:类比对比

  (1)as…as, like 类比

  (2)more…than, unlike 对比

  (3) 不同的时间导致强的对比关系例如:一段讲1840年,…1919年.。。

  (4) 不同的地点导致强对比关系例如:In Australia, only,….

  以上是小编为大家带来的“雅思阅读文章中常见关联词盘点”相关内容,在这里小编预祝各位考生能通过高效的备考,在雅思考试中顺利拿到高分,早日为留学做好规划与准备。


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