在雅思写作大部分考试中,通常会出现一些要求大家描述利弊或者描述单方面支持或反对的观点,并且进行探讨和说明。接下来小编为大家整理了一些大作文的开头模板,大家可以平时多多运用到自己的答题中,熟练灵活的运用是我们准备模板的目的,切记不是死记硬背喝,直接套用。

  大作文的类型:

  1. 单边支持,反对探讨双方

  2. 陈述利弊

  3. 半支持,半反对

  4. 分析解决

  5. 多重选择

  构成:引言段 + 主体段 + 结论段

  1.引言段

  组成:开头句(Opening sentence)+ 中心论点

  步骤:引入话题,同义转述,再根据写作任务表达中心论点。

  A. Opening sentence 五种方法:

  (一)引人入胜

  思路:用一个比较有趣的话题先吊起考官的胃口,并吸引他们往下看

  题目1:Many schools demand the students to wear uniforms. Some people think that such a practice can undermine their personality and individuality.

  范文:

  The issue of whether the practice of requiring students to wearschool uniforms will affect their personality and individuality is of greatinterest to many people.备选:

  Be of great concern for many parents——引起父母的关注Be of great importance to many scientists——对科学家来说至关重要Be of great significance to both A and B——对于A 和 B 都是非常重要的

  题目2:人类如何定义和追求幸福,这样的问题引起公众广泛的争议。

  范文:

  The question of how human beings can define and pursue happiness isa matter of much contention among the general public .

  备选:The question of _____________ has been widely debate in the world ofpolitics.

  (二)力排众议

  思路:先驳斥大众的某个普遍但却错误的观念,指出其与现实不符,然后提出自己的想法或正确想法,并在主体段列举各种理由、证据以及活生生和例子来论证。

  套路:Although it is + 副词 + 过去分词 + that…,this is...

  题目1:The older generations have very traditional ideas about the correct ways of life, thinking and behavior. However, some people think that these ideas are not helpful for the young generations to prepare for modern life.

  范文1:Although it is commonly believed that conventional views about a healthy life style and proper condect are no longer to young people's needs today, this is actually not the case.

  题目2:越来越少人照看年老的亲属,而是把他们送到专业人士那边去。

  范文2:

  Although many people subscribe to the belief that their oldrelatives can be taken better care of in a nursing home, this is in fact acommon misconception that we need to clear up. From my point of view, it is theyounger family members who should really be responsible for looking after theseold people during the rest of their lives.

  释义:

  ①普遍认为…,但事实并非如下。

  Although it is commonly believed that ?, this is actually not thecase.

  ②许多人认同这样的观点…,但事实上这却是一种我们需要去澄清的普遍错误观念。

  Although many people subscribe to the belief that ..., this is infact a common misconception that we need to clear up.

  ③大众观念认为?.,但是现实状况却远比这种观念复杂得多。

  Although conventional wisdom has it that?., the reality of thesituation is often far more complicated than that.

  释义:subscribe to 订阅、同意、预订 conventional wisdom 大众观念

  (三)放眼世界

  思路:从“时间”或“地点”的跨度着手,比如:过去怎么样?

  题目1: Some people support the development in agriculture, such as farmingindustry and the scientific creation of new types of fruit and vegetables.Others oppose this development. Discuss both views and state your opinion.

  范文:

  Recent decades havewitnessed a major transformation in agricultural development, where industrialtechnologies are being employed and new varieties of crops are being created.Yet , opponents of this development have raised a number of difficult questions.From my opinion of views, this is a really complicated matter, and we needfurther investigations to understand the bigger picture.

  备选:Recent decades have witnessed an increase awareness of

  释义:understand the bigger picture 了解事物的全貌

  题目2:With divorce rates and family break downs increasing globally, it is generally accepted that families today are not as close they used to be.

  范文2:

  Divorce and family breakdownwere virtually unheard of just 100 years ago. Now, however , almost half of allmarriages fail. This phenomenon is symptomatic of the growing distance betweenfamily members in modern society.

  (四)兼收并蓄

  题目:谁该为修路付费,个人还是政府?

  范文:

  Somepeople hold the opinion that the government should make more investments isexpanding and improving road systems, whereas others who are not so convincedpresent the counterargument that it is the responsibility of the growing numberof private car users to deal with the huge costs. In my opinion, both sides ofthe argument have their own reasons, and we need a detailed analysis to get tothe root of this controversy.

  (五)异军突起

  题目1:谈个人科技的发展与贫富差异.

  范文1:

  With the huge expansion of high technologies available toindividuals, it is sometimes argued that economic and cultural gaps between therich and poor are being further widened.

  题目2:淡大型超市和商场的急剧扩张..

  范文 2:

  With the unprecedented explosion of large supermarkets and shoppingmalls, a lot of small local shops have quietly disappeared while the remainingones are struggling for hopeless survival.

  释义:unprecedented explosion 前所未有的爆发

  范文 3:

  With the continuous and gradual evolution of mass media, manyserious crimes are now described in greater detail on newspapers, televisionand the Internet, raising considerable public concern over personal safety andsocial stability.

  范文 4:

  With the mass extinction of endangered and rare species, manycountries have taken harsh measures against illegal hunting, unregulateddumping of industrial waste and rampant destruction of their natural habitatsby human developers.

  2. 中心论点

  A. 单边支持/反对类型

  提问:Do you agree or disagree with this statement?

  范文1:

  反对→ In my opinion, these subject are not only useful but also fascinating, and it is simply too early for primary school childrem to study science and technology.

  B. 半支持半反对型

  提问:To what extent do you agree or disagree with this statement?

  范文 2:→ From my point of view

  C. 探讨双方型(可以参考前文“兼收并蓄”套路)

  提问:Discuss both sides and give your own opinion

  范文3:→1. To my way of thinking , both sides ofthe argument have their own reasons, and we need a detailed analysis to get tothe root of this controversy. 双方都有理,需要仔细分析才可了解争议起因→2.To my way of thinking , both these views can be justified tosome extent. 一定程度上都有道理→3. To my way of thinking, both these views contain some elements ofthe truth, which will be discussed in detail in the followingessay.

  注:Which 引导定语从句很自然过渡到主体段

  D. 分析解决型

  提问:In what ways could mobile phones and Internet be useful to olderpeople? How can old people be encouraged to use this high technology?→ To my mind

  E. 陈述利弊型

  提问:Does the usefulness of this method of learning outweigh itslimitations?(advantage = usefulness,disadvantage =limitations)→ To the best of my knowledge

  F. 多重选择型(少见)

  提问:What others factors should be considered? Of these factors, do youthink anyone is more important than others?→ As far asI am concerned

  以上是由智课小编为大家整理的关于“雅思大作文开头高分模板”的全部内容,希望可以帮助到大家更好的准备雅思考试,小编在此预祝大家在雅思考试中取得好成绩!


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