(1)According to the data , the years from …to…saw/witness a rise/climb/drop in thenumber/rate/percentage/proportion of 对象from数据to数据，which was followed by a rapid decrease/reduce/increase over the ** years.
(2)The number/rate…dropped/went up again from…in ** year to…in ** year and then went upgradually until ** year ,when there was a leveling off/leveling out at 数据for 一段时间。
(3) this is a cure graph which describes the trend of……这个曲线图描述了……的趋势。
(1)Also it can be noticed that in ** year ,the number/percentage … reached the bottom . However/on the contrary,**year saw the peak during this period.
(2)……时间点，when the number/percentage reached(amounted to)to a peak of… / a high point at …
(3)……时间点,when the number/percentage bottomed out (at…)
(1)The proportion/number of 对象 in the xx and xx are similar and follow the same trend.In ** the figures were xx% and xx% respectively,rising to xx% and xx% respectively in **,after dipping to xx% and xx% respectively in **.(总体的趋势介绍)Thereafter,分开介绍即可
(2)the number of……remained steady/stable from (month/year) to (month/year).……月(年)至……月(年)……的数量基本不变。
(1)…is projected to…… as to
(2)…is expected to…… as for
(3)…is forcasted to …… …is estimated to…
(1)as can be seen from the graph,the two curves show the fluctuation of…如图所示，两条曲线描述了…的波动情况。
(2)……fluctuated dramatically between xx% and xx% during …period .
并列：as well as(句首/中), also, as well(句尾), either, neither, moreover, furthermore, additionally, besides, what’s more, apart from …
举例：to illustrate, as an illustration, in particular , especially
事实：as a matter of fact, actually, as long as, so long as …
雷同/近似：similarly, likewise(句首/尾), at the same time, equally …
转折：whereas, nevertheless, nonetheless, though, although, while, yet, on the contrary, conversely, on the other hand, unlikely, instead (of), in spite of,
(1)It is clear that the most (adj.) xx is A, which accounts for m% of all x . B is the next largest(adj.)xx ,n% lower than A of all x and followed closely by C . The above three items of xx take uo about o% of the x%
(2)By contrast D E andF make uo the smallest percentage of total x , which are p% q% and r% ,respectively.
(3)The regions can be divided into two groups-one where … and the other where the reverse is the case.
(4) the graph provides some interesting data regarding……该图为我们提供了有关……有趣数据。
(1)Form, comprise, make up, occupy
(2)Constitute, cover, represent, account for
(3)Be shared by
(4)In 1950, the urban population represented less than 13% of the total. It is now about 40% and is expected to reach 60% by 2030. (摘自BBC)
(1)A quarter of…(2)Half of…(3)A majority of…(4)A has something in common with b
(5)A shares some similarity with b(6)The difference between a and b lies in…(7)Double, triple, quadruple (v, n, adj)
(8)原来的2倍-double，50→100原来的3倍-triple, 50→150原来的4倍-quadruple, 50→200
(9)The value of the house has increased fourfold (=it is now worth four times as much as before).
(10)…be twice as adj. as …..
(11)…more than xx times as adj. as …..
1.as can be seen from the diagram, great changes have taken place in……从图中可以看出，……发生了巨大变化。
2.from the table/chart/diagram/figure, we can see clearly that……or it is clear/apparent from the chart that……从图表我们可以很清楚(明显)看到……)和线型图写法一致，并且结合饼状图来写!
常用句式1.a is nearly /more than…times as much/many/large as b.(a是b的…倍。) / the table shows the changes in the number of……over the period from……to……该表格描述了在……年之……年间……数量的变化。
be the same as…(与…相同)
(1). cause-effect (较常用) ：XXX lead to / bring about / result in/ account for … (一个句子/shared the same tendency), therefore / thus / hence / as a result / consequently / (and) so …
(2). effect-cause (较常用)XXX be caused by / result from / be the result of / be the effect of / be the consequence of …(一个句子/shared the same tendency), because …
it is adj. that …
it is unimaginable that …
it is undeniable that …
it is interesting to discover that …
The car park has been removed and replaced by a theatre.
The number of homes in Town A is likely to double
(is likely to= is predicted to /is estimated to/is projected to/is expected to )
It is likely that the number of homes in Town A will double.
(it is likely that = it is predicted/estimated/projected/ expected that….)
如： 2000年在城镇A 新建了一个医院：A new hospital was established in Town A in 2000.
如2006年9月A 类TASK 1
The map shows the development of the village of Kelsbey between 1780 and 2000.
★A 在B 的东方/西方/南方/北方
A is/ lies/ is located/ is situated in/on / to the east/west/south/north of B
(in 表A 在B 内部， ON 表A 和B接壤，TO 表A 和B 分开)
★A 在B 内部的某个部位
A is in the eastern/ southern/ western/ northern part of B.
★A在B 西北部的120 千米处
A lies 120 km to the northwest of B.
A is at/in the south-eastern corner of B ( at 表示A 在B 外部， in表A 在B 内部)
On the south/southern side of the river
On both sides of the road
On the other side
The area adjacent to/ near /next to/ just off the road
At the southern end of the river
★A 在B 的对面
A is on the opposite side of B
A is opposite B
★A 在B 东部的边界上(A 在B外部)
A is on the eastern border of B
★A 在B 东部边缘上 (A 在B 内部)
A is on/ along the eastern edge of B
The original/previous/former garden
The size of the library has been enlarged/extended/halved/reduced by half
The number of homes has increased/risen/grown/reduced /decreased/dropped/fallen/
doubled/ tripled/ quadrupled to 500.
The farms completely disappeared/were removed.
A becomes B
A is transformed/reconstructed/redeveloped/converted/changed/turned over to/ into B
A is replaced /substituted by B = A gives way to B
A newly-built road
A new car park was built/established/set up/constructed/completed and opened in the middle of B
A new IT centre has been added to the library
The year 2000 saw two additions to the land： a pond in the northern part and a vegetable garden on the opposite side.
A wetland is located to the southeast of the lack.
This region has large woodland with a farm to the south.
句式3：there be 句型
There are two schools on the south-eastern corner of the area.
句式4：使用while, but 和and连接的句子
4. 城市的北面有一个山， 而南面有一个湖
A mountain is located to the north of the city, while there is a river to the south.
To the south of the river was a library.
句式6：使用名词性从句(譬如说it should be noted that, it is worth noting that, it is noticeable that, we can see that, it is clear that, one significant change is that)
It is noticeable that the library has a row of meeting rooms on the eastern side.
1：Chocolate is sent to the oven, where it is heated and turned into liquid.
2：Chocolate is sent to the oven, before being heated and turned into liquid.
常用句式3：使用after which 引导的定语从句
3：Chocolate is sent to the oven at the first stage, after which it is heated and turned into liquid.
4：Chocolate is placed in the oven, until it is heated and turned into liquid.
5：Chocolate is heated in the oven and turned into liquid.