在雅思写作考试中,一个好的开头段可以给考官留下非常好的印象,开头怎么样也会对我们的分数带来一定影响。那么如何写出雅思作文高分开头段呢?来看看下面这几种开头,希望我们平时一定要多多练习,争取在考试中提交一份满意的答卷。

  Part 1 Opinion Essay

  观察观点类题目的特征,我们不难发现,此类题型的特征是题目有且只有一个观点。而题目要求我们回答的是“同意”或“不同意”的观点。所以只要确定好自己的观点,开头段就可以写出来。 例如:

  Some people believe that living in big cities is bad for health.

  Do you agree or disagree?

  如果,我们选择同意此观点,可以根据“背景句+直接转述题目+个人观点”的公式。

  These days, it is quite common to see that a growing number of people choose to settle down in large cities. (背景句) But some people argue that leading an urban life would produce negative influences on people’s health. (直接转述题目) Personally, I agree with this idea. (个人观点)

  如果选择不同意题目观点,则可以用“although”的让步状语从句进行改写,得到:

  These days, it is quite common to see that a growing number of people choose to settle down in large cities. (背景句) Although some people argue that leading an urban life would produce negative influences on people’s health, (although +直接转述题目) personally, I do not agree with this idea. (个人观点)

  Part 2 Discussion Essay

  观察讨论类的题目,可以发现,这样的题目会有两个观点,并且题目要求“讨论双方观点”和“给出自己的观点”。这样的题目中,其实只用在开头段中写出背景句和转述双方观点就好了,至于个人的观点,可以放到personal idea的段落中。如:

  Some people think citizens should be responsible for their own health costs. Others think it is better to have a health care system which provides free health services.

  Discuss both these views and give your own opinion.

  这个题目的开头段就可以写为:

  People in some countries are paying an increasing amount of money for seeing a doctor, even for a minor illness. (背景句) But, still, some people assert that individuals themselves are supposed to pay for such fees. (一方观点) However, other people disagree and suggest that it is the government’s responsibility to undertake the health costs for its citizens. (另一方观点)

  Part 3 Advantages & Disadvantage Essay

  优劣势的题目,一般而言都会给出一个现象或者是趋势,这又刚好和我们开头段中的“背景句”吻合了,所以在优劣势文章的开头段的时候就没有必要再写背景句了,直接转述题目就可以了。但是要表达出自己的“优大于劣”或者“劣大于优”的观点,只需要用一句话就搞定了。如:

  Shopping online is replacing shopping in stores.

  Do the advantages outweigh its disadvantages?

  开头段可以写为:

  These days, it is common to see that people prefer choosing online shopping to shopping in physical stores. Although some problems would occur as this trend continues, I believe such development brings more benefits.

  Part 4 Report

  其实report最简单,因为通常题目和优劣势文章一样,会给出一个现象或趋势,所以开头段的组成部分就只有改写题目。如:

  In many parts of the world, children and teenagers are committing more crimes.

  Why is this happening?

  What are the possible solutions to solve this problem?

  开头段可以写为:

  These days, it is common to see that the rate of youth crime has been increasing dramatically all over the globe and it is a most worrying issue of modern society.

  雅思写作开头段怎样写吸引人

  大作文开头段往往要包含如下几个关键内容,即介绍背景,引出有争议的话题,阐述对立观点和陈述作者自己的观点。无论使用还是不使用模板,这几个关键信息是一定要包含在开头段落当中的,不然云里雾里,只能是适得其反。

  首先It is quite common these days.介绍背景,或者用The issue of ... is a complex and sensitive one。这样的句型来引出有争议话题,然后千篇一律地分别介绍对立双方观点,如Some individuals believe that..., while others hold the view that....最终用Personally, I agree with....至此,内容上完美无瑕,但恐怕考官心中已经大大打下“模板”两个字的烙印,这无疑对于想取得6分及以上的同学最不利的事情。我们到底应该如何突破“模板病”。

  例如,一道雅思写作高频题目,讨论到底大学应该教授实用性课程(如计算机和商科课程)还是传统课程(如历史和地理)。我们依然按照开头段应该包含的关键信息开始写作,但是却可以这样轻松突破:

  These day there is a growing tendency for college students to have difficulties in finding jobs when they graduate.(介绍背景)A large number of people hold the opinion that lack of practical knowledge, among other things, contributes to this situation. In light of this, they contend that college teachers should lay more stress on practical courses than on traditional ones. (引出有争议的话题,并阐述大多数人的观点)For my part, I am in favour of their viewpoint。(作者观点)

  这一段写得非常灵巧,第一句结合题目背景,介绍现如今有一种趋势,即大学毕业生很难找到工作,紧接着作者陈述有许多人认为这是由于学生缺少实用性的知识,并因此提出大学应该更多关注于教授实用性的知识,这一句将有争议话题的其中一方观点用因果链条清晰阐述。最后一句表达作者自己的立场,就是支持前面大多数人的想法。总的来看,这一段只提及了对立双方的其中一方观点,然后表达自己支持这一方观点。这就是一种对于开头段模板的超越,简单可行,只对其中一方观点清晰论证,然后表达自己的立场,无需对另一方观点赘述。这固然超越了八股文一样的“一些人认为……另一些人认为……,我认为……”,而是以四两拨千斤的方式,重点讲解一方观点,然后巧妙表达支持的态度。

  另一道可以参考的题目是有关人们认为对于罪犯不应该只是关在监狱里,而应该对他们进行教育和劳动改造这样一道题目。我们依然给出这样一段:

  How to handle criminals is a problem that all countries and societies face。(引出有争议的话题)Traditionally, the approach has been to punish them by placing them in prisons to pay for what they have done. Some, however, advocate for trying to make them better with training and education and it seems they may have a good point.

  这一段在观点描述上是“出于模板而胜于模板”的典范,范文中将观点一演变为“传统上,人们都采取关监狱这种方法”,这就用陈述事实的方式,巧妙避讳了直接表达有些人认为应该把犯人关在监狱里;而观点二以及作者观点合并为一句,用一个and巧妙连接成一个并列句。开头段关键信息一网打尽。

  以上是小编为大家分享的“如何写出雅思作文高分开头段”相关内容,希望大家通过阅读本文,从中有所收获。在这里小编也希望各位考生能通过不懈的努力,顺利通过雅思写作考试。


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