在雅思写作考试中,有个好的靠头可以给考官留下很好的印象,那么雅思作文高分开头有什么方法呢?接下来小编为大家介绍几种开头的方法,并且通过具体的例子让考生更容易理解和掌握,希望能为各位考生提供一些参考。

  1、雅思高分作文开头的方法

  1 摆事实

  也就是通过对题目主题的理解,写一句对事实的描述,从而引出题目的话题或是问题。

  例:Women and men are commonly seen as having different strengths and weakness. Is it right to exclude males or females from certain professions because of their gender?

  2 给原因

  也就是根据题目中的观点或是题目中的事实去向前推出一层原因,从而让开头更有逻辑。

  例:As language such as English, Spanish and mandarin become more widely spoken, there is a fear that many minority languages may die out. Some countries have taken steps to protect minority languages. What is your view of this practice?

  3 给结果

  通过对于结果的描述,向上推出题目论证的内容。这个方法思路较绕,但是用恰当也算是另辟蹊径。

  例:In the past, people spent their entire lives doing one job. But nowadays they change their job frequently. Please give your reasons and suggestions.Though the experience of moving from one job to another can sometimes be distressing or even traumatic, thousands of employees move from one job to another in rapid succession every year.

  4 时间对比

  这样的开头做法通常是将古今进行对比,从而引出题目的争论,或是主题。

  例:Longer life spans and improvements in the health of older people suggest that people over the age of sixty-five can continue to live full and active lives. In what ways can social benefit from the contribution that older people can make?

  5 地点对比

  例:Some people think that it is better to educate boys and girls in separate schools. Others, however, believe that boys and girls benefit more from attending mixed schools. Discuss both these views and give your opinion.

  2、雅思不同类型作文的高分开头方法

  观点类

  我们通常以认可或者不认可来进行作答。并且这类题型中的观点也只有一个,考生也无需担心选错哪一个。考官在乎的是论证的过程,就是考生是否有足够的例子证明自己观点的对错。开头应该遵循首句是题目中的背景。第二句是对观点进行选择,一般同意的话可以进行转述题目,不同意的话可以用让步状语从句改写,例如although,if等。第三句是说明自己的观点。

  讨论类

  通常这种的重点就是探讨两方的观点,然后表明自己的观点。这种题目的开头只需要写出讨论话题的背景以及用自己的话陈述双方的观点。对于个人的观点,无需放在开头。考生若要出彩的开头,还是需要落脚在改写上面,可以通过一些模板的套用,和语句的转化进行改写,侧重点就是双方的观点是什么。

  优劣势类

  通常是题目会给出一个背景或者趋势,让考生进行比较分析优劣之别。往往考生认为此类题目需要陈述背景,其实是不用的,只需要表达考生的分析结果,认为是好处大于坏处,还是相反。这时候开头就不比过于累赘,只需要一句话进行表达。

  报告类

  跟上述的优劣势接近,都是给一个案例或者报告进行分析,开头段只需要考生对题目进行改写和延伸。对于这类题目,考生需要记住的是开头不宜过长,而且也不需要带自己的观点。只需要改写题目即可。

  3、雅思高分作文开头范例

  通过媒体报道把问题呈现给读者面前

  例如在写关于该不该禁烟的话题时,可以这样开头:

  A recent study conducted by Zhongshan University has found that the numberof smokers has been increasing sharply over the pastfive years. Researchfindings also reveal that the incidence of smoking-related conditions hassoared. As a result, the ban on smoking has been in the spotlight.

  中山大学最近做的一个研究表明,在过去五年里,吸烟人数急剧上升。研究结果同时显示,吸烟导致的疾病发病率也急剧增长。因此,禁烟成为一个热点话题。这个开头通过媒体报道把问题呈现在读者面前,从而引出吸烟比例急剧上升造成的危害,引发读者思考。

  提出有争议性问题激发读者兴趣

  例如在写到警察是否应该持枪这篇文章时作者说:

  If police in the U.K. are able to go without guns and not have crimegetting completely out of control then they have already set a fine example thatother countries should follow. The fact that they are able to do this is anindication of their ability to control the flow of guns to the general populaceand this makes citizens safer than anything else. To a civilian, taking gunsaway from criminals is more important than giving them to police.

  提出这个有争议的话题,激发读者的兴趣,使读者积极参与到讨论中来,让大家各抒己见进行讨论。

  引起读者兴趣的话题

  例如在写关于体罚的话题文章时,采用这样一个开头:

  It is reported that a boy in Zhuhai was beaten to death by his father onFather' Day. Ample evidence also shows that children who are frequently abusedby their parents or teachers tend to be introverted, pessimistic, indifferentand even world-weary. Recently, there has arisen a fierce argument on whethercorporal punishment should be abolished. Teachers, parents and experts takediverse attitudes towards this issue.

  据报道,在父亲节那天,珠海有个小男孩被爸爸打死了。充分的证据也显示,经常遭父母或老师虐待的小孩往往比较内向、悲观、冷漠甚至厌世。近来,关于是否应该废除体罚出现了一场激烈的争论,老师、家长和专家各执一词。

  以上是小编为大家分享的“雅思作文高分开头有什么方法”相关内容,希望大家通过阅读本文,从中有所收获。在这里小编也希望各位考生能通过不懈的努力,顺利通过雅思写作考试。


展开显示全文