在雅思写作考试中,一个好的开头可以快速吸引考官的眼球,对我们整体的印象分数有很大的帮助。接下来我们就来看看雅思作文怎么写好开头段,希望大家能及时结合练习熟悉开头的几种方式,选择自己最擅长的方式来展开写作。

  大作文开头:

  ● 观点类(opinion essay)

  ● 讨论类(discussion essay)

  ● 优劣势类(advantage and disadvantage essay)

  ● 报告类(report)

  每一种提问方式的题目都有自己不同的开头段写作方法。

  1

  观点类

  观察观点类题目的特征,我们不难发现,此类题型的特征是题目有且只有一个观点。

  而题目要求我们回答的是“同意”或“不同意”这个观点。所以只要确定好我们的态度,在开头段表达出来即可。

  举个栗子:Some people believe that living in big cities is bad for health. Do you agree or disagree?

  ●agree:根据“背景句+直接转述题目+个人观点”的公式

  These days, it is quite common to see that a growing number of people choose to settle down in large cities. (背景句) But some people argue that leading an urban life would produce negative influences on people’s health. (直接转述题目) Personally, I agree with this idea. (个人观点)

  ●disagree:用“although”的让步状语从句进行改写

  These days, it is quite common to see that a growing number of people choose to settle down in large cities. (背景句) Although some people argue that leading an urban life would produce negative influences on people’s health, (although +直接转述题目) personally, I do not agree with this idea. (个人观点)

  2

  讨论类

  至于讨论类题目,这样的题目会有两个观点,并且题目要求“讨论双方观点”和“给出自己的观点”。

  这样的题目中,其实只用在开头段中写出背景句和转述双方观点就好了。至于个人的观点,可以放到personal idea的段落中。

  举个栗子:Some people think citizens should be responsible for their own health costs. Others think it is better to have a health care system which provides free health services.

  Discuss both these views and give your own opinion.

  ●答法:People in some countries are paying an increasing amount of money for seeing a doctor, even for a minor illness. (背景句) But, still, some people assert that individuals themselves are supposed to pay for such fees. (一方观点) However, other people disagree and suggest that it is the government’s responsibility to undertake the health costs for its citizens. (另一方观点)

  3

  优劣势类

  优劣势的题目,一般而言都会给出一个现象或者是趋势,这又刚好和我们开头段中的“背景句”吻合了,所以在优劣势文章的开头段的时候就没有必要再写背景句了,直接转述题目就可以了。

  但是要表达出自己的“优大于劣”或者“劣大于优”的观点,只需要用一句话就搞定了。

  举个栗子:Shopping online is replacing shopping in stores. Do the advantages outweigh its disadvantages?

  ●答法:These days, it is common to see that people prefer choosing online shopping to shopping in physical stores. Although some problems would occur as this trend continues, I believe such development brings more benefits.

  4

  报告类

  report类最简单,因为通常题目和优劣势文章一样,会给出一个现象或趋势,所以开头段的组成部分就只有改写题目。

  举个栗子:In many parts of the world, children and teenagers are committing more crimes.Why is this happening?What are the possible solutions to solve this problem?

  ●答法:These days, it is common to see that the rate of youth crime has been increasing dramatically all over the globe and it is a most worrying issue of modern society.

  小作文开头:

  1, 同义词的替换及多余词汇删除

  2, 遇到量词、变化、原因、时间等词(quantity, number,amount, change, reason, cause,time)变化为状语从句形式(howmany, how much, how….change, why,when);避免组合名词带来的不规范

  3, 组合图表造成的题目过长、过复杂,可以拆分为the 1stchart,the 2nd chart

  4, 用图表中的title替换题目内容(图表中没有title时不适用)

  以上是今日为大家分享的“雅思作文怎么写好开头段”一文,希望能帮助到更多雅思考生有效的备考,在雅思考试中能收获满意的成绩,为我们留学奠定扎实的基础。



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