在雅思阅读备考中,考生需要结合大量的练习掌握解题的技能,包括找定位词、题型解题方法、解题思路等。接下来小编为大家介绍一下雅思阅读中的定位词怎么找,希望各位考生能快速熟悉这种答题方法,并且运用到自己的答题中。

  找到雅思阅读中的定位词的方法一

  ★ 雅思定位词在文章中出现的第一种也是比较常见的一种变身是“同义替换”,这包含同义词或同义词组。

  剑6,Test4的Q9:Kim Schaefer’s marketing technique may be open to criticism onmoral grounds。题目中定位词为moral,在文章中定位,我们会在文章第三段中定位到“Selling pharmaceuticals is adaily exercise in ethical judgment”,而其中ethical即为moral的同义词。

  剑4,Test3的Q9:Any street child can set up their own small business if givenenough support.此判断题中定位词实际上是词组“set up their own small business”,在文章中定位,我们会在文章中“Lessons learned” 的部分中定位到“Being an entrepreneur is not foreveryone, not for every street child”。此处,文章中“Being anentrepreneur”即为定位词的同义词组。

  其他的同义词/词组变身如:

  perceive →sense evolve →develop detect →find

  mortal →people unbiased → objective

  limb → arm or leg waste→ unwanted material

  resemble → look like dwelling → domestic building

  找到雅思阅读中的定位词的方法二

  ★ 雅思定位词在文章中出现的第二种变身是“近义替换”,这包含近义词或近义词组。

  剑7,Test1的Q8:However, even before this was understood, the principle hadbeen applied in the design of instruments which calculated the ____ of theseabed。 此题为在原文中选词填空的摘要题,定位词为“calculate”和“seabed”, 在文章中我们会定位到“Before this wasdiscovered, engineers had already built instruments to exploit the principle,for example to measure the depth of the sea under aship”。此处“measure”即为“calculate”的近义词,而“sea”即为“seabed”的上义词。

  其他的近义词/词组变身如:

  salary → wage statement → comment

  be gained from → derive from policy → initiative

  valuable → important break down → subdivide

  找到雅思阅读中的定位词的方法三

  ★ 雅思定位词在文章中出现的第三种变身是“派生词”。

  剑6,Test3的Q33:Monkeys were less likely to becomediabetic。此题为分类题,定位词为“diabetic”,在文章中定位,我们能定位到句子“…and they have more normal bloodglucose levels(pointing to a reduced risk for diabetes, which is marked byusually high blood glucoselevels)”。题目中定位词“diabetic”为名词,意为“糖尿病患者”,而文章中的“diabetes”也为名词,但意为“糖尿病”,是“diabetic”的派生词。

  剑4,Test4的Q14:archaeology involves creativity as well as carefulinvestigative work。此题为是非无判断题,定位词为“creativity”和“investigative”,在文章中我们能定位到“Archaeology is partly thediscovery of the treasures of the past,…partly the exercise of the creativeimagination…it is investigating the sewers of RomanBritain”。题目中定位词“creativity”为名词,在文章中对应形式“creative”(形容词)为它的派生词,;定位词“investigative”为形容词,在文章中对应形式“investigate”(动词)为它的派生词。

  其他的派生词变身如:

  recover → recovery evolutionary → evolve

  erosion → erode

  找到雅思阅读中的定位词的方法四

  ★ 雅思定位词在文章中出现的第四种变身是“反义词的否定形式”。

  Sticking Power中的Q15:What makes sticky insects feet special is the fact thatthey can also detach themselves easily from a surface。

  此题属于人名理论配对,题目中定位词为 detach。到文章中去定位,我们会定位到“’There are lots of ways to maketwo surfaces stick together, but there are very few which provide precise andreversible attachment’ says StasGorb”,句中attachment实际上为detach的反义词attach的名词形式,而reversible表示可逆的,因此 reversibleattachment即为detach的反义词(组)的否定形式。

  其它的反义词否定形式变身如:similar → not unusual

  找到雅思阅读中的定位词的方法五

  ★ 雅思定位词在文章中出现的第五种变身是“上义词/词组”。

  剑6,Test3的Q28:Studies show drugs available today can delay the process ofgrowing old。此题为是非无判断题,定位词为“drugs”,在文章中定位,我们能在文章第一段定位到“As researchers on agingnoted recently, no treatment on the market today has been proved to slow humanaging –the build-up of molecular and cellular damage that increasesvulnerability to infirmity as we get older”。文章中“treatment”即为定位词“drugs”的上义词。

  剑4,Test2的Q8:Young people often reject the established way of life in theircommunity。此题为人名理论配对题,题目中信息量较大,需要根据词组“reject the established way of life in theircommunity”来定位,到文章中定位,我们会定位到“When the next generation reaches their teens, theymight not want to be induced into the old traditions”。此处,“the oldtraditions”即为题目中“the established way of life in their community”的上义词组。

  其它的上义词/词组变身如:the newspaper and television → media

  找到雅思阅读中的定位词的方法六

  ★ 雅思定位词在文章中出现的第六种变身是“下义词/词组”。

  剑5,Test3的Q27:how AI might have a militaryimpact。此题为段落信息配对题,定位词为“military”,在文章中定位,我们会在E段定位到“HNC claim that their systembased on a cluster of 30processors, could be used to spot camouflaged vehicleson a battlefield or …”,句中“battlefield”即为“military”的下义词。

  其它的下义词/词组变身如:military → weapon / the Second World War

  找到雅思阅读中的定位词的方法七

  ★ 雅思定位词在文章中出现的第七种变身是“原词”,即没有变身。这种情况多发生在定位词是专有名词、专业术语或实义名词时。

  剑7,Test3的Q28:Problems in Nordic countries were excluded because they areoutside the European Economic Community,此题为是非无判断题,定位词为“Nordiccountries”。在文章中定位,我们能够在第一段定位到“Those confined to particular geographical areas,such as countries bordering the Mediterranean or the Nordic countries thereforehad to be discarded”,句中的“Nordic countries”即为定位词原词。

  以上是小编为大家准备的“雅思阅读中的定位词怎么找”的相关内容,希望为大家备考雅思带来一些帮助,同时欢迎大家关注智课网雅思频道,我们会及时为大家更新雅思考试相关内容。


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