雅思写作考试总分是9分,想要拿到高分并没有那么容易,需要符合写作的评分标准。那么什么样的作文是满足评分标准的,能评高分的?接下来小编为大家介绍一下雅思写作高分作文都有哪些特点,希望能帮助大家有效的进行备考。

  1. Avoid really, so, a lot, very 避免使用really, so, a lot, very

  在雅思写作中,你需要使用学术语言,你的目标是正式和学术,所以你不要使用较为口语化的表达,如really, so , a lot and very.

  举一些例子:

  (1)Many IELTS candidates think that achieving Band 8.0 in IELTS is very hard.=> Use a stronger word: Many IELTS candidates think that achieving Band 8.0 in IELTS is difficult.

  (2)Robot-driven car is really controversial=> Robot-driven car is controversial

  (3)A lot of IELTS learners share their great tips on IELTS writing, speaking on IELTS Material website.=> Many/A great number of/ A multitude of IELTS learners……

  2. Avoid “There is / There are” 避免使用 There is / There are

  当你在写作的时候,努力将你的想法用一种简洁的方法呈现出来,有些词语是不需要的,这样你的句子可以更加直戳重点。

  例子:

  There are many issues that students have to face at university=> Students face a multitude of issues at university

  3. Vary your sentence length 句子长度多样化

  如果你知道不同的句子类型,你就可以试着多多练习。在众多句型中,复合复杂句是最难的,不过就算你不懂这个语法,尝试用一系列的简单句,复杂句,和复合句相结合来写这篇文章,你也可以得到一个很好的分数。这个关键就在于句子类型和句子长度要灵活多变,这样你的文章也会比较自然。

  看一个下面的例子:

  (1)Firstly, children watch too much TV. It’s bad for their health. It can make them addicted. They will spend too much time indoors. This can make them fat.

  这个例子就是句子太短,你可以把句子连接在一起,会发现得到一个更加耐看的版本。

  (2)Firstly, children watch too much TV, which is bad for their health. This habit can cause them to become addicted, resulting in them spending too much time indoors and thus getting fat.

  4. Remember collocation 牢记固定搭配

  学生们在准备雅思考试的时候总会学习很多的词汇,这对于我们提高英文理解是十分重要的,然而有些时候,“知道一个词语的含义”和“会使用它”还是有一定区别的。

  在文章中学习一个单词会使得你在使用这个词时更加容易。当你学习词汇的时候,一定要注意的是什么样子的搭配会常常在一起。

  我们来举几个例子:

  (1)

  Verb + thought:

  Spare a thought for 想到,替……着想

  Spare a thought for all those who are homeless on a cold night like this.

  想到那些在寒冷的夜晚中无家可归的人。

  (2)

  Hear ones thought 聆听……的想法

  Have you given the new proposal any thought yet? We’re keen to hear your thought

  你有没有考虑新提议了吗?我们渴望听到你的想法吗?

  (3)

  The thought occurs to someone

  某人有了一个想法

  The thought just occurs to me that it’s mum’s birthday tomorrow and we haven’t got her a card.

  我突然间想到明天是我妈妈的生日,我们还没有给她卡片呢。

  (4)

  Gather one’s thought

  理清思路

  The President was taken aback by the question and took a minute to gather his thoughts.

  总统被这个问题吓了一跳,并用一分钟的时间来理清思路。

  (5)

  Noun + preposition + thought:

  great deal of thought

  很多想法,大量思考

  Shirley doesn’t devote a great deal of thought to her appearance.

  雪莉对她的外表没有太多想法。

  (6)

  freedom of thought

  思想自由

  Some places don’t encourage freedom of thought.

  有些地方不鼓励思想自由。

  (7)

  school of thought

  思想派别

  One school of thought contends that modern man originated in Central Africa.

  某学派认为:现代人类起源于非洲中部。

  (8)

  train of thought

  思路,思绪

  Sorry, where was I? I’ve lost my train of thought.

  对不起,我说到哪里了?我刚刚没了思路

  5. Do not use Contractions in academic writing 不要在学术写作中使用缩略形式

  Don’t => do not

  Can’t => cannot

  Mustn’t => must not

  Couldn’t => could not

  Wouldn’t => would not

  Isn’t => is not

  Haven’t => have not

  Hasn’t => has not

  6. Know the sentence types 知道句子类型

  了解简单句和复杂句式的区别很重要,你不需要知道术语,但是你需要有能力自己完成一个句子的写作,了解以下句子类型可以帮助你避免许多基本的写作错误。

  (1)SENTENCE FRAGMENTS: 片断句(不完整的句子)

  这是雅思考生经常犯的错误:缺少句子成分的句子片断是不可以单独成句的,因为他并不具备成为一个完整的独立分句的要素。

  记住,一个简单句就是一个合格的独立分句,它由3要素组成:

  1. A subject

  2. A verb

  3. A complete thought

  主语,谓语,和一个完整的思路。

  有时看起来像一个句子,但是当我们仔细研究时会发现它缺少了许多很关键的成分,因此它并不能成为一个独立的句子。

  例子:

  Ø The doctor worked round the clock. Operating on the boy.

  Ø As India has entered the WTO. The local entrepreneurs are faced with both challenges and opportunities.

  我们怎么改正这些句子呢?

  => The doctor worked around the clock, operating on the boy.

  => As India has entered the WTO, the local entrepreneurs are faced with both challenges and opportunities.

  (2)RUN-ON SENTENCES: 粘连句

  粘连句包含着两个或更多的主句,他们连在一起,没有标点分隔(逗号、分号、句号等)。我们在说话的时候经常使用这样的粘连句,但是我们可以用停顿来表述清楚含义。而在写文章的时候,我们需要用标点符号来分隔我们的句子,让它有更明确的表达含义。

  【逗号误接句】

  就是两个独立主句之间用逗号连接,这是很多考生会犯的错误。记住,逗号不能连接两个独立的句子,你需要添加连接词来使它变完整,或者使用分号或者连接副词。

  更重要的一点,想在雅思写作中拿高分,你不需要对所有标点符号的使用都了如指掌,了解逗号和句号的使用方法就足够了。

  例子:

  Ø Van Gogh is a world-famous artist his paintings can be found in many museums and art galleries.

  Ø Allen Ginsberg is a renowned American poet, his most famous poem is Howl.

  我们怎么改正呢?=> Van Gogh is a world-famous artist whose paintings can be found in many museums and art galleries.

  => Van Gogh is a world-famous artist. His paintings can be found in many museums and art galleries.

  => Van Gogh is a world-famous artist; his paintings can be found in many museums and art galleries.

  => Allen Ginsberg is a renowned American poet, whose most famous poem is Howl.

  => Allen Ginsberg is a renowned American poet. His most famous poem is Howl.

  => Allen Ginsberg is a renowned American poet; his most famous poem is Howl.

  那正如我们可以看到的,不仅仅只有一个方法来改正错误,但是一定要根据句子最最准确的含义来改正。

  (3)COMMA SPLICES:逗号误接句

  这一点在前面已经强调了,要十分小心在用逗号链接两个句子时,要避免前后两个句子都出现谓语动词。

  比如:

  Ø The dog was hungry, he wanted some food.

  我们可以用很多方法来改正它:

  => The dog was hungry; he wanted some food.

  => The dog was hungry. He wanted some food.

  => The dog was hungry, and he wanted some food.

  以上是小编为大家整理的“雅思写作高分作文都有哪些特点”相关内容,希望各位考生用心准备,帮助我们能更快收获到满意的成绩,为我们留学申请提供一个有力的保障。


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