在雅思写作备考中，考生可以向高分考生学习一些经验，对于我们来说也有很高的参考价值。今天小编为大家分享雅思小作文地图题高分经验，希望能帮助大家有效的准备雅思写作考试，争取在雅思写作考试中拿到更高的分数。

1.时态

如果地图题反映的是一个地方在过去的一段时间的变化，文章用一般过去时。如果地图题反映的是一个地方在将来一段时间的变化趋势，文章用一般将来时或表“估计”的词汇。如果地图题反映的是一个地方从过去到现在的变化，可用现完成时。

如：现在停车场改成了一个剧院。

The car park has been removed and replaced by a theatre.

城镇A的家庭数量从1937年到2020年将翻一番。

The number of homes in Town A is likely to double

(is likely to= is predicted to /is estimated to/is projected to/is expected to )

又可为：

It is likely that the number of homes in Town A will double.

(it is likely that = it is predicted/estimated/projected/ expected that….)

2.细节变化

地图每个细节变化都要提到，不要忽视一个细节

3.语态

地图题用被动语态

如： 2000年在城镇A 新建了一个医院：A new hospital was established in Town A in 2000.

4.地图题的书写顺序：时间顺序和空间顺序

The map shows the development of the village of Kelsbey between 1780 and 2000.

适用句式

★A 在B 的东方/西方/南方/北方

A is/ lies/ is located/ is situated in/on / to the east/west/south/north of B

(in 表A 在B 内部， ON 表A 和B接壤，TO 表A 和B 分开)

★A 在B 内部的某个部位

A is in the eastern/ southern/ western/ northern part of B.

★A在B 西北部的120 千米处

A lies 120 km to the northwest of B.

★A 在B….角落

A is at/in the south-eastern corner of B ( at 表示A 在B 外部， in表A 在B 内部)

★在河流或道路的南边/北边等

On the south/southern side of the river

On both sides of the road

On the other side

★临近马路的地区

★在道路或河流的比较南端

At the southern end of the river

★A 在B 的对面

A is on the opposite side of B

A is opposite B

★A 在B 东部的边界上(A 在B外部)

A is on the eastern border of B

★A 在B 东部边缘上 (A 在B 内部)

A is on/ along the eastern edge of B

5.“变化”词汇

地图题描述的是一个地区的变化，那么“变化”词汇必须过关。

雅思中国网海外考试研究中心分析发现，变化包括两种：图形原有事物的改变，图形新添事物。

我们先看图形原有事物的改变：

★原有事物可说成：

The original/previous/former garden

★原有事物尺寸上变大/变小：

The size of the library has been enlarged/extended/halved/reduced by half

★原有事物在数量上增多或减少：

The number of homes has increased/risen/grown/reduced /decreased/dropped/fallen/

★原有事物没了：

The farms completely disappeared/were removed.

★原有事物被改为：

A becomes B

A is transformed/reconstructed/redeveloped/converted/changed/turned over to/ into B

A is replaced /substituted by B = A gives way to B

★图形新添事物

A new car park was built/established/set up/constructed/completed and opened in the middle of B

A new IT centre has been added to the library

The year 2000 saw two additions to the land： a pond in the northern part and a vegetable garden on the opposite side.

地图题的6个常用句式(前三个句子为主，后面的句子为连接和点缀)

句式1：located/situated/sited/built/constructed+地点

1. 一块湿地(wetland)在湖的西南面。

A wetland is located to the southeast of the lack.

句式2：地点+with+地点+方位

2. 这个地区有一个很大的树林，在南面有一个农场。

This region has large woodland with a farm to the south.

句式3：there be 句型

3. 东南角有两个学校。

There are two schools on the south-eastern corner of the area.

句式4：使用while, but 和and连接的句子

4. 城市的北面有一个山， 而南面有一个湖

A mountain is located to the north of the city, while there is a river to the south.

句式5： 倒装句

5. 河的南面有个博物馆。

To the south of the river was a library.

句式6：使用名词性从句(譬如说it should be noted that, it is worth noting that, it is noticeable that, we can see that, it is clear that, one significant change is that)

6. 值得注意的是这个图书馆在东侧有一长列的会议室。

以上就是小编分享的雅思小作文地图题高分经验，希望能帮助大家有效的准备雅思写作考试，通过有效的练习掌握雅思写作小作文题型的解题思路和方法。