在雅思写作考试中,大作文考题会更加灵活,而且也会偏重学术一些。今天小编为大家准备的是雅思大作文考试题目范文-人类是否应该阻止动物消亡,关于这道题考生该如何解题呢?接下来小编为大家分享的范文,可以为考生们提供一些参考。

  雅思大作文题目:人类是否应该阻止动物消亡?

  It is natural process of animal species to become extinct (e.g. dinosaurs, dodos, etc.). There is no reason why people should stop this from happening. Do you agree or disagree?

  解析&审题

  本题问:既然动物消亡是个自然过程,那是否意味着人类就不需要做任何事情来阻止动物消亡了?

  本题与2011年7月9日的真题有一定相似度,那次考题问的是:有人认为我们不应该花太多人力物力来保护野生动物,因为人类本身有很多问题要解决。两次考试都涉及人类是否应该保护野生动物,但预设的原因不同。2011年考题预设的原因是:人类有很多实际问题需要解决,因此不要花太多人力物力去保护野生动物,而本次考试预设的原因是:动物消亡是个自然过程,因此我们不必去保护动物。

  从根本上讲,本次考试的题目依然是“原因-结果”类:即给定一个原因,导出一个结果,考生需要对原因、结果或者原因和结果之间的逻辑关系进行思考,然后作出自己的判断。就本题而言,唐老师采取的策略是:

  1. 承认原因,即动物消亡是自然过程。

  2. 否认结果,即人类不需要做什么。相反,很多动物消亡都是人类行为引发的。

  3. 结论:人类理应保护野生动物,使其不要过早灭亡。

  以下是高分范文。

  01

  Animal species disappear because of changes on the Earth that are caused either by nature or by human activities. While nothing can be done about nature, humans can help save many animal species from being extinct.

  动物物种的消失是因为由自然或人类活动引起的地球上的变化。虽然人类对自然无能为力,但人类可以帮助挽救许多动物,使它们不被灭绝。

  解析

  (1) 本段给出背景,并给出自己全文的观点。

  (2) Human activities 人类活动

  (3) Extinct 灭绝的

  02

  Extinction is a natural phenomenon. After all, more than 90 percent of all animal species that have ever lived on Earth are not alive today, and this has had nothing to do with human beings. Sometimes, a natural event, like a volcanic eruption, can kill an entire species. It is interesting to know that dinosaurs were wiped out by an enormous asteroid impact on the planet around 66 million years ago, in the absence of humans. Animal extinctions may also be caused by natural occurrences such as climate heating or cooling or changes in sea levels. For example, after the ICE Ages, when the glaciers melted and the planet became warmer, many species died out because they could not live in a warmer climate. In these cases, it is indeed senseless for humans to try to intervene and stop them from happening.

  灭绝是一种自然现象。毕竟,在地球上生活过的动物中,有90%以上的物种今天已经不存在了,而这与人类没有任何关系。有时,一个自然事件,比如火山爆发,会杀死整个物种。有趣的是,恐龙在大约6千600万年前被一颗巨大的小行星撞击地球而灭绝(那时根本没有人类)。动物灭绝也可能是由自然现象引起的,如气候变暖或冷却或海平面变化。例如,在冰河时代之后,当冰川融化了,地球变暖了,许多物种消失了,因为它们不能生活在更温暖的气候中。在这些情况下,人类试图干预并阻止其发生是毫无意义的。

  解析

  (1) 本段讨论题目中的因:很多动物灭绝的确与人类无关,而是自然发生的。

  (2) Natural phenomenon 自然现象

  (3) Volcanic eruption 火山爆发

  (4) Wipe out 消灭

  (5) Asteroid 小行星

  (6) In the absence of... ......不在场

  (7) Senseless 无意义的

  (8) Intervene 介入;干预

  03

  Yet this does not mean that human activity is not at all responsible for animal extinction, especially in modern days. Given that it is a natural process of animal species to become extinct, humans have made it worse, and accelerated the extinction. A new study reveals that the famous extinction of Mauritian Dodo about 300 years ago began the moment Dutch sailors first encountered the bird on the island of Mauritius. As a matter of fact, many animal species have been lost due to the human role in habitat loss, environmental pollution, climate change, over-fishing, and over-hunting. Indeed, human activities have made the extinction of many animals take place long before the nature should have taken its course.

  然而,这并不意味着人类的活动对动物灭绝完全没有责任,特别是在现代。虽然动物物种灭绝是一个自然过程,但是人类让情况变得更糟了,并加速了灭绝。一项新的研究显示,大约300年前,著名的毛里求斯渡渡鸟灭绝就是始于荷兰水手第一次在毛里求斯岛看见这种鸟。事实上,由于人类在栖息地丧失、环境污染、气候变化、过度捕捞和过度狩猎等方面的作用,许多动物物种已经丧失。的确,人类的活动使得许多动物的灭绝在自然时间还远远未到前就发生了。

  解析

  (1) 本段讨论人类活动也对动物灭绝负责任。

  (2) Given that... 尽管

  (3) Accelerate 加速

  (4) Encounter 遇到

  (5) Nature takes its course 自然采取行动

  04

  In conclusion, although it is natural process that many animal species have died out, now there are enough reasons to believe that human beings should (and could) take action to prevent animals from disappearing too soon.

  总之,虽然许多动物物种灭绝是一个自然过程,但现在有足够的理由相信人类应该(也可以)采取行动防止动物过早灭绝。

  解析

  (1) 本段是结论,并明确提出自己的观点。

  (2) Die out 灭绝(=disappear; become extinct)

  以上是小编为大家准备的“雅思大作文考试题目范文-人类是否应该阻止动物消亡”相关内容,写作水平的提升是一个长期坚持的过程,希望大家通过自己的努力都能在考试中收获高分。


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