在雅思小作文考试中,经常会给出大家一个或多个图表,要求大家描述其中所展示出来的信息。在饼图类图表中经常会要求各位考生去描述所占的比例,那么涉及到这类的考题,我们需要积累哪些素材呢?接下来小编为大家总结了一些答题素材,我们来看看如何来描述数据比例。

  在雅思写作小作文书写过程中,比例是大概率会出现的描述对象,很多同学都很有可能会写下如下错句:

  1. The percentage of electricity produced by coal accounted for 40% in 1980.

  2. The proportion of electricity produced by coal constituted 40% in 1980.

  如果有还看不出来上述句子中错误的同学,亦或是对于比例句型的同义替换还束手无策的同学,快跟着小航继续往下看哦,蒋老师特别为大家精心整理了一些剑桥真题中的例句,并且详细分了类!

  01

  基础句型或括号解释

  基础句型:the proportion 是多少。

  1. Couples generally tended to be better, with lower poverty levels for couples without children (7%) than those with children (12%). C4T1

  夫妻一般倾向于呈现更好的家庭水平,与没有孩子的夫妇相比(12%),没有孩子的夫妇(7%)的贫困水平更低。

  2. By contrast, more women held undergraduate diplomas(70%) and marginally more women reached degree level(55%). C4T3

  相比之下,更多的女性持有本科文凭(70%),也有较多女性达到了学位水平(55%)。

  3. In 1940 the proportion of people aged 65 or more stood at only 5% in Japan, approximately 7% in Sweden and 9% in the US. C5T1

  1940,日本65岁以上人口的比例仅为5%,瑞典为7%,美国为9%。

  以上句型难度系数最低,适用于比例句型出错率较高的同学,对于写作目标分5.5-6分的同学而言,以上句型为必须掌握句型。

  02

  解释+数据

  解释+数据:*% of 总量 do something.

  1. On average, 11% of all households, comprising(非谓语动词) almost two million people, were in this position. C4T1

  平均而言,11%的家庭,包括近二百万人,在这个水平。

  2. In contrast, older people were generally less likely to be poor,only 4% for aged couple, and 6% for single aged person respectively. C4T1

  相比之下,老年人一般不太可能贫穷,分别只有4%的老年夫妇,和6%的单身老人(是贫穷的)。

  3. By 2000, coal had become the fuel for more than 75% of electricity produced and only hydro continued to be another significant source supplying approximately 20%. C7T4

  至2000年之前,煤炭已成为电力生产力超过75%的燃料,只有水力发电仍然是供应约20%的另一重要能源。

  4. But by 2000 nuclear power, which was not used at all in Australia, had developed into the main source, producing almost 75% of electricity, at 126 units, while coal and oil together produced only 50 units. C7T4

  但到2000年,澳大利亚完全不使用的核能已经发展成为(法国的)主要能源,生产将近75%的电力,有126个units,而煤和石油总共只生产50个units。

  5. Globally, 65% of degradation is caused by too much animal grazing and tree clearance, constituting 35% and 30% respectively. A further 28% of global degradation in due to over-cultivation of crops. C8T1

  全球65%的退化是由于动物放牧和树木清除过多造成的,分别占35%和30%。由于过度耕作而导致了全球更进一步28%的退化。

  6. These causes affected different regions differently in the 1990s, with Europe having as much as 9.8% of degradation due to deforestation, … C8T1

  这些原因在20世纪90年代影响了不同的地区,欧洲因砍伐森林而造成的退化率高达9.8%。

  7. The biggest gender difference is at the lowest post-school level, where 90% of those who held a skilled vocational diploma were men, compared with only 10% of women. C4T3

  最大的性别差异是在毕业后最低学业水平,持有熟练职业文凭的人中有90%是男性,而女性只有10%。

  应用:

  Around 9% of population in the USA were aged 65 and over, compared with only 7% and 5% in Sweden and Japan respectively. (C5T1)

  以上句型难度系数较低,但是灵活度较高,对于写作目标分6-6.5分的同学而言,以上句型为必须掌握句型。

  03

  动态图中比例增加或减少的体现

  1. It indicates that the percentage of elderly people in all three countries is expected to increase to almost 25% of the respective populations by the year 2040. C5T1

  报告指出,预计到2040年,这三个国家的老年人口比例将增加到各自人口的将近25%。

  2. However, while the figures for the Western countries grew to about 15% in around 1990, the figure for Japan dipped to only 2.5% for much of this period, before rising to almost 5% again at the present time. C5T1

  然而,当西方国家的数字在1990年左右增长到大约15%时,日本的数字在这个时期的大部分时间里只下降到2.5%,直到现在再次上升到几乎5%。

  以上句型难度系数较低,完全基于动态句型,对于写作目标分5.5分以上的同学而言,以上句型为必须掌握句型。不会的同学,得先想想,是不是动态句型也没有很好地掌握呢?

  04

  With+非谓语动词

  1.However, those consisting of one parent or a single adult had almost doubled this proportion of poor people, with 21% and 19% respectively. C4T1

  然而,由单亲或单身成年人组成的贫困人口比例几乎翻了一番,分别为21%和19%。

  2. …while the impact of this on Oceania and North America was minimal, with only 1.7% and 0.2% of land affected respectively. C8T1

  ...虽然这对大洋洲和北美洲的影响是微乎其微的,只有1.7%和0.2%的土地分别受到影响。

  以上句型具有一定难度,对于写作目标分6分以上的同学而言,以上句型为必须掌握句型。【不会使用非谓语动词的同学可学习《胡敏雅思教材第7代雅思核心语法基础版》中pp78-81的内容,了解关系从句与非谓语动词作后置定语的用法】

  05

  占比例词组的正确打开方式

  占比例词组:Constitute, account for, make up, represents.

  1. At the higher levels of education, men with postgraduate diplomas clearly outnumbered their female counterpart (70% and 30%, respectively), and also constituted 60% of Master’s graduates. C4T3

  在高等教育水平,拥有研究生文凭的男性明显多于女性(分别为70%和30%),也占硕士研究生的60%。

  2. Globally, 65% of degradation is caused by too much animal grazing and tree clearance, constituting 35% and 30% respectively. C8T1

  在全球范围内,65%的退化是由于动物放牧和树木清除过多造成的,分别占(退化总量的)35%和30%。

  3. A German text occupies about 30% more space than its English translation.

  德语文本比英语翻译多占据了30%的篇幅。【occupy强调的是时间和空间的占用,所以使用的时候请小心哦】

  4. Oxygen makes up roughly 20% of the atmosphere.

  氧气占大气的20%左右。

  5. Chinese business represents 73% of the Indonesian corporate sector.

  中国企业占印尼企业总数的73%。

  以上句型具有一定难度,对于写作目标分6分以上的同学而言,以上句型为必须掌握句型。

  讲到现在,不知道同学们能否修改放在文章前端的两个错句呢?以下是表达这个意思的正确打开方式,快来检测一下你有没有学会正确去表达比例!

  1. The percentage of electricity produced by coal was 40% in 1980.

  2. Electricity produced by coal constituted 40% of total electricity produced in 1980.

  3. 40% of electricity was produced by coal in 1980.

  以上是小编为大家带来的“雅思小作文中怎么描述数据所占比例”相关内容,希望对大家备考雅思写作有一定的帮助,结合有效的练习和日常的积累能顺利在雅思写作考试中拿到一个满意的成绩。


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