在雅思写作考试中,考生所用的句式表达越丰富,那么我们所拿到的分值就会更高,相比一些普遍的简单句来说,高分句型更占优势。接下来小编为大家介绍几种雅思写作高分从句句型,大家可以练习一下,熟练的运用可以帮助我们提分。

  1、翻新定语从句

  定语从句是同学们复合句中用的最普遍的,也是最容易掌握的句式。但如果想要出色地使用定语从句,同学们在平时就要多注重积累。

  同学们可以参考《剑9》的Test 2范文中第四段的最后一句话:This rise was particularly noticeable between 1990 and 2000, during which time the use of mobile phones tripled.

  这里考官并没有用“常规”的which引导的定语从句,而是使用了“介词+关系词”的方式,使得句子变得高大上了许多。像这样比较容易掌握的方式,是在句子后出现时间的时候,使用during which或者by which这样的结构,可以将具体图表变化的趋势写出来,或者可以直接使用关系副词中指代时间的when。

  e.g.《剑8》Test 2 This cost decreased to only 5% of total expenditure in 1991 but rose dramatically in 2001 when it represented 23% of the school budget.

  2、状语前置

  所谓状语前置就是把状语(副词,介词短语,分词,不定式)放到句首。考官频繁使用这种语法结构,而很多考生却没有意识,这种句式通过一堆长句子中出现一个小短语,可以让句子产生长短结合的紧凑感,实例如下:

  1)Obviously, education systems are based on the belief that all children can effectively be taught to acquire different skills.

  2)Like self-awareness,this is also very difficult to achieve, but I think these are the two factors that may be most important for achieving happiness.

  3)As a result of media attention, sports professionals in my country have become stars and celebrities.

  3、句中插入短语

  和状语前置类似,长句子中间插入一个小短语,可以让句子读起来更轻松灵活。考官实例如下:

  1)This will affect the job market, which, after all, is a key target in any economic plan.

  2)Sports stars and pop stars,for example, are soon replaced by the neat younger, more energetic generation.

  4、倒装句

  这种语法现象考生都学过,但往往在作文中忘记或没有意识使用。

  考官范文中的倒装例子并不多,主要体现在以下几种情况中:

  1)Only in this way can this problem be effectively solved.

  2)Strange as it may seem, parents’ attention sometimes hinders students’academic development.

  考生在平时的语言积累和写作练习中,可以多模仿这几种固定句式,在文章中穿插1-2句倒装句。

  5、强调句

  强调句的句式框架结构为It is+(被强调的成分) that/who+(句子剩余成分), 类似于中文的“正是…导致了…”的意思。例如,考官范文中的例句:

  1)It is the interaction of the two that shapes a person’ personality and dictates how that personality develops.

  2)It is only those who reach the very top of their profession who can get these huge salaries.

  强调句式是考生比较难把握的一种句型,容易和it引导的形式主语相混淆,其实我们可以通过去掉It is… that…/It is…who…的框架看剩下的是否是一个完整的句子来判断强调句写的是否正确。

  考生可以通过以上几种句式结构的介绍,搭配简单句去使用,让句式灵活多变。

  6、平行结构

  严格来讲,平行结构并不属于特殊句式,而是英语语法的规范要求,但是由于遵守这个基本语法规则的考生太少了,平行结构也升级成了一种“特殊句式”。

  这种结构的使用在考官范文里出现较多,最常见的形式是在表示并列关系的连接词,例如 and/or等的前后两侧用名词对名词,形容词对形容词,动词不定式对动词不定式,分词短语对分词短语,从句对从句…比如:

  1)Satisfaction is also increased by a sense of responsibility for and loyal to a team.

  2) Even when children use a computer for other purposes, such as getting information or emailing friends, it is no substitute for human interaction.

  3)Some essays are hard to understand not because they are long but because they are obscure.

  以上是小编为大家带来的“雅思写作高分句型解析-从句”的全部内容,希望为大家带来一些帮助,考生如果遇到什么问题,可以咨询我们的老师,将为您提供专业的解答。


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